Mark 3:16
Parallel Verses
New International Version
These are the twelve he appointed: Simon (to whom he gave the name Peter),

New Living Translation
These are the twelve he chose: Simon (whom he named Peter),

English Standard Version
He appointed the twelve: Simon (to whom he gave the name Peter);

Berean Study Bible
These are the twelve He appointed: Simon (whom He named Peter),

Berean Literal Bible
And He appointed the Twelve; and to Simon He added the name Peter;

New American Standard Bible
And He appointed the twelve: Simon (to whom He gave the name Peter),

King James Bible
And Simon he surnamed Peter;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He appointed the Twelve: To Simon, He gave the name Peter;

International Standard Version
He appointed the Twelve: Simon (whom he named Peter),

NET Bible
He appointed twelve: To Simon he gave the name Peter;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And he gave Shimeon the name Kaypha,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He appointed these twelve: Simon (whom Jesus named Peter),

New American Standard 1977
And He appointed the twelve: Simon (to whom He gave the name Peter),

Jubilee Bible 2000
Simon, whom he gave the name Peter;

King James 2000 Bible
And Simon he surnamed Peter;

American King James Version
And Simon he surnamed Peter;

American Standard Version
and Simon he surnamed Peter;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And to Simon he gave the name Peter:

Darby Bible Translation
And he gave to Simon the surname of Peter;

English Revised Version
and Simon he surnamed Peter;

Webster's Bible Translation
And Simon he surnamed Peter.

Weymouth New Testament
These twelve were Simon (to whom He gave the surname of Peter)

World English Bible
Simon, to whom he gave the name Peter;

Young's Literal Translation
And he put on Simon the name Peter;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

3:13-21 Christ calls whom he will; for his grace is his own. He had called the apostles to separate themselves from the crowd, and they came unto him. He now gave them power to heal sicknesses, and to cast out devils. May the Lord send forth more and more of those who have been with him, and have learned of him to preach his gospel, to be instruments in his blessed work. Those whose hearts are enlarged in the work of God, can easily bear with what is inconvenient to themselves, and will rather lose a meal than an opportunity of doing good. Those who go on with zeal in the work of God, must expect hinderances, both from the hatred of enemies, and mistaken affections of friends, and need to guard against both.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 16, 17. - And Simon he surnamed Peter. Our Lord had previously declared that Simon should be so called. But St. Mark avoids as much as possible the recognition of any special honor belonging to St. Peter; so he here simply mentions the fact of this surname having been given to him, a fact which was necessary in order that he might be identified. All the early Christian writers held that Peter was virtually the author of this Gospel. Simon, or Simeon, is from a Hebrew word, meaning "to hear." James the son of Zebedee, so called to distinguish him from the other James; and John his brother. In St. Matthew's list, Andrew is mentioned next after Peter, as his brother, and the first called. But here St. Mark mentions James and John first after Peter; these three, Peter and James and John, being the three leading apostles. Of James and John, James is mentioned first, as the eldest of the two brothers. And them he surnamed Boanerges, which is, Sons of thunder. "Boanerges" is the Aramaic pronunciation of the Hebrew B'ne-ragesh; B'ne, sons, and ragesh, thunder. The word was not intended as a term of reproach; although it fitly expressed that natural impetuosity and vehemence of character, which showed itself in their desire to bring down fire from heaven upon the Samaritan village, and in their ambitious request that they might have the highest places of honor in his coming kingdom. But their natural dispositions, under the Holy Spirit's influence, were gradually transformed so as to serve the cause of Christ, and their fiery zeal was transmuted into the steady flame of Christian earnestness and love, so as to become an element of great power in their new life as Christians. Christ called these men "Sons of thunder" because he would make their natural dispositions, when restrained and elevated by his grace, the great instruments of spreading his Gospel. He destined them for high service in his kingdom. By their holy lives they were to be as lightning, and by their preaching they were to be as thunder to rouse unbelievers, and to bring them to repentance and a holy life. It was no doubt on account of this zeal that James fell so early a victim to the wrath of Herod. A different lot was that which fell to St. John. Spared to a ripe old age, he influenced the early Church by his writings and his teaching. His Gospel begins as with the voice of thunder, "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God." Beza and others, followed by Dr. Morisen, have thought that this distinctive name was given by our Lord to the two brothers on account of some deep-toned peculiarity of voice, which was of much service to them in impressing the message of the Gospel of the kingdom upon their hearers.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And Simon he surnamed Peter. Or Cephas, which signifies a rock, or stone, because of his courage and constancy, his strength and fortitude, steadiness and firmness of mind: this name was imposed upon him, not at the time of his mission as an apostle; nor when he made that noble confession of his faith in Christ, as the Son of the living God, at which time this name was taken notice of; but when Christ first called him to be his disciple and apostle; see John 1:42.

Mark 3:16 Additional Commentaries
The Twelve Apostles
15and to have authority to cast out the demons. 16And He appointed the twelve: Simon (to whom He gave the name Peter), 17and James, the son of Zebedee, and John the brother of James (to them He gave the name Boanerges, which means, "Sons of Thunder ");…
Cross References
Matthew 10:2
These are the names of the twelve apostles: first, Simon (who is called Peter) and his brother Andrew; James son of Zebedee, and his brother John;

Mark 3:15
and to have authority to drive out demons.

Mark 3:17
James son of Zebedee and his brother John (to them he gave the name Boanerges, which means "sons of thunder"),

Luke 6:13
When morning came, he called his disciples to him and chose twelve of them, whom he also designated apostles:

Luke 6:14
Simon (whom he named Peter), his brother Andrew, James, John, Philip, Bartholomew,

Acts 1:13
When they arrived, they went upstairs to the room where they were staying. Those present were Peter, John, James and Andrew; Philip and Thomas, Bartholomew and Matthew; James son of Alphaeus and Simon the Zealot, and Judas son of James.
Treasury of Scripture

And Simon he surnamed Peter;


Mark 1:16 Now as he walked by the sea of Galilee, he saw Simon and Andrew his …

Matthew 16:16-18 And Simon Peter answered and said, You are the Christ, the Son of …

John 1:42 And he brought him to Jesus. And when Jesus beheld him, he said, …

1 Corinthians 1:12 Now this I say, that every one of you said, I am of Paul; and I of …

1 Corinthians 3:22 Whether Paul, or Apollos, or Cephas, or the world, or life, or death, …

1 Corinthians 9:5 Have we not power to lead about a sister, a wife, as well as other …

Galatians 2:7-9 But contrariwise, when they saw that the gospel of the uncircumcision …


2 Peter 1:1 Simon Peter, a servant and an apostle of Jesus Christ…

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