Judges 2:13
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
because they forsook him and served Baal and the Ashtoreths.

New Living Translation
They abandoned the LORD to serve Baal and the images of Ashtoreth.

English Standard Version
They abandoned the LORD and served the Baals and the Ashtaroth.

New American Standard Bible
So they forsook the LORD and served Baal and the Ashtaroth.

King James Bible
And they forsook the LORD, and served Baal and Ashtaroth.

Christian Standard Bible
for they abandoned him and worshiped Baal and the Ashtoreths.

Good News Translation
They stopped worshiping the LORD and served the Baals and the Astartes.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
for they abandoned Him and worshiped Baal and the Ashtoreths.

International Standard Version
As a result, they abandoned the LORD by serving both Baal and Ashtaroth.

NET Bible
They abandoned the LORD and worshiped Baal and the Ashtars.

New Heart English Bible
They forsook the LORD, and served Baal and the Ashtaroth.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They abandoned the LORD to serve the god Baal and the goddess Astarte.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And they forsook the LORD, and served Baal and the Ashtaroth.

New American Standard 1977
So they forsook the LORD and served Baal and the Ashtaroth.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And they forsook the LORD and served Baal and Ashtaroth.

King James 2000 Bible
And they forsook the LORD, and served Baal and Ashtaroth.

American King James Version
And they forsook the LORD, and served Baal and Ashtaroth.

American Standard Version
And they forsook Jehovah, and served Baal and the Ashtaroth.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Forsaking him, and serving Baal and Astaroth.

Darby Bible Translation
And they forsook Jehovah, and served Baal and the Ashtoreths.

English Revised Version
And they forsook the LORD, and served Baal and the Ashtaroth.

Webster's Bible Translation
And they forsook the LORD, and served Baal and Ashtaroth.

World English Bible
They forsook Yahweh, and served Baal and the Ashtaroth.

Young's Literal Translation
yea, they forsake Jehovah, and do service to Baal and to Ashtaroth.
Study Bible
Israel's Unfaithfulness
12and they forsook the LORD, the God of their fathers, who had brought them out of the land of Egypt, and followed other gods from among the gods of the peoples who were around them, and bowed themselves down to them; thus they provoked the LORD to anger. 13So they forsook the LORD and served Baal and the Ashtaroth. 14The anger of the LORD burned against Israel, and He gave them into the hands of plunderers who plundered them; and He sold them into the hands of their enemies around them, so that they could no longer stand before their enemies.…
Cross References
Judges 3:7
The sons of Israel did what was evil in the sight of the LORD, and forgot the LORD their God and served the Baals and the Asheroth.

Judges 10:6
Then the sons of Israel again did evil in the sight of the LORD, served the Baals and the Ashtaroth, the gods of Aram, the gods of Sidon, the gods of Moab, the gods of the sons of Ammon, and the gods of the Philistines; thus they forsook the LORD and did not serve Him.

1 Samuel 7:3
Then Samuel spoke to all the house of Israel, saying, "If you return to the LORD with all your heart, remove the foreign gods and the Ashtaroth from among you and direct your hearts to the LORD and serve Him alone; and He will deliver you from the hand of the Philistines."

1 Samuel 12:10
"They cried out to the LORD and said, 'We have sinned because we have forsaken the LORD and have served the Baals and the Ashtaroth; but now deliver us from the hands of our enemies, and we will serve You.'

1 Samuel 31:10
They put his weapons in the temple of Ashtaroth, and they fastened his body to the wall of Beth-shan.

1 Kings 11:5
For Solomon went after Ashtoreth the goddess of the Sidonians and after Milcom the detestable idol of the Ammonites.

2 Chronicles 7:22
"And they will say, 'Because they forsook the LORD, the God of their fathers who brought them from the land of Egypt, and they adopted other gods and worshiped them and served them; therefore He has brought all this adversity on them.'"
Treasury of Scripture

And they forsook the LORD, and served Baal and Ashtaroth.

served

Judges 2:11 And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD, and served Baalim:

Judges 3:7 And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD, and …

Judges 10:6 And the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the LORD, …

1 Samuel 31:10 And they put his armor in the house of Ashtaroth: and they fastened …

1 Kings 11:5,33 For Solomon went after Ashtoreth the goddess of the Zidonians, and …

2 Kings 23:13 And the high places that were before Jerusalem, which were on the …

Psalm 106:36 And they served their idols: which were a snare to them.

1 Corinthians 8:5 For though there be that are called gods, whether in heaven or in …

1 Corinthians 10:20-22 But I say, that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice …

(13) Baal and Ashtaroth.--Literally, "the Baals and the Ashtareths."

Ashtaroth.--The plural of the feminine word Ash-tareth, or Astarte, "the goddess of the Sidonians" (1Kings 11:5), the Ph?nician Venus--identified sometimes with the moon (e.g., in the name Ashtaroth Karnaim, "the city of the two-horned moon," the name of Og's capital, Deuteronomy 1:4), and sometimes with the planet Venus (2Kings 23:4; Cic. De Nat. Deor. 3:23; Euseb. Praep. Evang. i. 10). She is called the "queen of heaven," in Jeremiah 7:10; Jeremiah 44:17, and was called Baalti ("my lady") by the Ph?nicians. The plural form may be, as Ewald thinks, the plural of excellence, or like Baalim an allusion to the different forms and attributes under which the goddess was worshipped. The worship of Baalim and Ashtaroth naturally went hand in hand. (See Judges 10:6; 1Samuel 7:4; 1Samuel 12:10.) Ashtaroth is not to be confused with the Asheroth (rendered "groves" in the E. V.) mentioned in Judges 3:7. The words resemble each other less in Hebrew, as Ashtaroth begins with , not with . Mil. ton's allusions to these deities are not only exquisitely beautiful but also very correct, as he derived his information from Selden's learned Syntagma de Dis Syr�s:

"With these in troop

Came Ashtoreth, whom the Phoenicians call'd

Astarte, queen of heaven, with crescent horns,

To whose bright image nightly by the moon

Sidonian virgins paid their vows and songs;

In Zion also not unsung, where stood

Her temple."

Par. Lost, i. 439.

The derivation of the word is very uncertain. It probably has no connection with the Greek Aster, or the Persian Esther.

Verse 13. - Baal and Ashtaroth. Ashtaroth is the plural of Ashtoreth, the goddess of the Zidonians (1 Kings 11:5, 33), just as Baalim (ver. 11) is the plural of Baal. The many images of Baal and Ashtoreth are, in the opinion of some, indicated by the plural; but others think that different modifications or impersonations of the god and goddess are indicated. Thus we read of Baal-berith, the god who presides over covenants; Baal-zebul, or Zebub, the god who presides over flies, who could either send or remove a plague of flies, and so on. "Baal (lord or master) was the supreme male divinity of the Phoenician and Canaanitish nations, as Ashtoreth (perhaps the star, the planet Venus) was their supreme female divinity. Baal and Ashtoreth are frequently coupled together. Many Phoenician names - Hannibal, Asdrubal, Adherbal, Belus, etc. - are derived from Baal."

CHAPTER 2:14-23 And they forsook the Lord,.... The worship of the Lord, as the Targum; this is repeated to observe the heinous sin they were guilty of, and how displeasing it was to God:

and served Baal and Ashtaroth; two images, as the Arabic version adds; Baal, from whence Baalim, may signify the he deities of the Gentiles, as Jupiter, Hercules, &c. and Ashtaroth their female deities, as Juno, Venus, Diana, &c. the word is plural, and used for flocks of sheep, so called because they make the owners of them rich; and Kimchi and Ben Melech say these were images in the form of female sheep. Perhaps, as Baal may signify the sun, so Ashtaroth the moon, and the stars like flocks of sheep about her. Ashtaroth was the goddess of the Zidonians, 1 Kings 11:5; the same with Astarte, the wife of Cronus or Ham, said to be the Phoenician or Syrian Venus. So Lucian says (r) there was a temple in Phoenicia, belonging to the Sidonians, which they say is the temple of Astarte; and, says he, I think that Astarte is the moon; and Astarte is both by the Phoenicians (s) and Grecians (t) said to be Venus, and was worshipped by the Syrians also, as Minutius Felix (u) and Tertullian (w) affirm; the same with Eostre, or Aestar, the Saxon goddess; hence to this day we call the passover Easter (x), being in Eoster-month; and with Andraste, a goddess of the ancient Britains (y). There were four of them, and therefore the Septuagint here uses the plural number Astartes; so called either from Asher, being reckoned "blessed" ones, or from Asheroth, the groves they were worshipped in; or from "Ash", and "Tor", the constellation Taurus or the bull; so Astarte by Sanchoniatho is said to put upon her head the head of a bull, as the token of her sovereignty; See Gill on Genesis 14:5.

(r) De Dea Syria. (s) Sanchoniatho apud Euseb. Evangel. Praepar. l. 1. p. 38. (t) Suidas in voce (u) In Octavio, p. 6. (w) Apolog. c. 24. (x) Vid. Owen. Theologoumen, l. 3. c. 4. p. 192. (y) lb. c. 11. p. 244. 13. Ashtaroth—Also a plural word, denoting all the female divinities, whose rites were celebrated by the most gross and revolting impurities.2:6-23 We have a general idea of the course of things in Israel, during the time of the Judges. The nation made themselves as mean and miserable by forsaking God, as they would have been great and happy if they had continued faithful to him. Their punishment answered to the evil they had done. They served the gods of the nations round about them, even the meanest, and God made them serve the princes of the nations round about them, even the meanest. Those who have found God true to his promises, may be sure that he will be as true to his threatenings. He might in justice have abandoned them, but he could not for pity do it. The Lord was with the judges when he raised them up, and so they became saviours. In the days of the greatest distress of the church, there shall be some whom God will find or make fit to help it. The Israelites were not thoroughly reformed; so mad were they upon their idols, and so obstinately bent to backslide. Thus those who have forsaken the good ways of God, which they have once known and professed, commonly grow most daring and desperate in sin, and have their hearts hardened. Their punishment was, that the Canaanites were spared, and so they were beaten with their own rod. Men cherish and indulge their corrupt appetites and passions; therefore God justly leaves them to themselves, under the power of their sins, which will be their ruin. God has told us how deceitful and desperately wicked our hearts are, but we are not willing to believe it, until by making bold with temptation we find it true by sad experience. We need to examine how matters stand with ourselves, and to pray without ceasing, that we may be rooted and grounded in love, and that Christ may dwell in our hearts by faith. Let us declare war against every sin, and follow after holiness all our days.
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