Genesis 42:15
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
And this is how you will be tested: As surely as Pharaoh lives, you will not leave this place unless your youngest brother comes here.

New Living Translation
This is how I will test your story. I swear by the life of Pharaoh that you will never leave Egypt unless your youngest brother comes here!

English Standard Version
By this you shall be tested: by the life of Pharaoh, you shall not go from this place unless your youngest brother comes here.

New American Standard Bible
by this you will be tested: by the life of Pharaoh, you shall not go from this place unless your youngest brother comes here!

King James Bible
Hereby ye shall be proved: By the life of Pharaoh ye shall not go forth hence, except your youngest brother come hither.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
This is how you will be tested: As surely as Pharaoh lives, you will not leave this place unless your youngest brother comes here.

International Standard Version
So here's how we'll test you. You can bet the life of Pharaoh that you're not leaving here until your youngest brother comes here!

NET Bible
You will be tested in this way: As surely as Pharaoh lives, you will not depart from this place unless your youngest brother comes here.

New Heart English Bible
By this you shall be tested. By the life of Pharaoh, you shall not go forth from here, unless your youngest brother comes here.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
This is how you'll be tested: I solemnly swear, as surely as Pharaoh lives, that you won't leave this place unless your youngest brother comes here.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Hereby ye shall be proved, as Pharaoh liveth, ye shall not go forth hence, except your youngest brother come hither.

New American Standard 1977
by this you will be tested: by the life of Pharaoh, you shall not go from this place unless your youngest brother comes here!

Jubilee Bible 2000
Hereby ye shall be proved: By the life of Pharaoh ye shall not go forth from here unless your youngest brother comes here.

King James 2000 Bible
Hereby you shall be proved: By the life of Pharaoh you shall not go forth from here, except your youngest brother come here.

American King James Version
Hereby you shall be proved: By the life of Pharaoh you shall not go forth hence, except your youngest brother come here.

American Standard Version
hereby ye shall be proved: by the life of Pharaoh ye shall not go forth hence, except your youngest brother come hither.

Douay-Rheims Bible
I shall now presently try what you are: by the health of Pharao you shall not depart hence, until your youngest brother come.

Darby Bible Translation
By this ye shall be put to the proof: as Pharaoh lives, ye shall not go forth hence, unless your youngest brother come hither!

English Revised Version
hereby ye shall be proved: by the life of Pharaoh ye shall not go forth hence, except your youngest brother come hither.

Webster's Bible Translation
By this ye shall be proved: By the life of Pharaoh ye shall not go forth hence, except your youngest brother shall come hither.

World English Bible
By this you shall be tested. By the life of Pharaoh, you shall not go forth from here, unless your youngest brother comes here.

Young's Literal Translation
by this ye are proved: Pharaoh liveth! if ye go out from this -- except by your young brother coming hither;
Study Bible
Joseph's Brothers Sent to Egypt
14Joseph said to them, "It is as I said to you, you are spies; 15by this you will be tested: by the life of Pharaoh, you shall not go from this place unless your youngest brother comes here! 16"Send one of you that he may get your brother, while you remain confined, that your words may be tested, whether there is truth in you. But if not, by the life of Pharaoh, surely you are spies."…
Cross References
Genesis 42:14
Joseph said to them, "It is as I said to you, you are spies;

Genesis 44:21
"Then you said to your servants, 'Bring him down to me that I may set my eyes on him.'

1 Samuel 17:55
Now when Saul saw David going out against the Philistine, he said to Abner the commander of the army, "Abner, whose son is this young man?" And Abner said, "By your life, O king, I do not know."
Treasury of Scripture

Hereby you shall be proved: By the life of Pharaoh you shall not go forth hence, except your youngest brother come here.

By the life.

Genesis 42:7,12,16,30 And Joseph saw his brothers, and he knew them, but made himself strange …

Deuteronomy 6:13 You shall fear the LORD your God, and serve him, and shall swear by his name.

1 Samuel 1:26 And she said, Oh my lord, as your soul lives, my lord, I am the woman …

1 Samuel 17:55 And when Saul saw David go forth against the Philistine, he said …

1 Samuel 20:3 And David swore moreover, and said, Your father certainly knows that …

Jeremiah 5:2,7 And though they say, The LORD lives; surely they swear falsely…

Matthew 5:33-37 Again, you have heard that it has been said by them of old time, …

Matthew 23:16-22 Woe to you, you blind guides, which say, Whoever shall swear by the …

James 5:12 But above all things, my brothers, swear not, neither by heaven, …

except.

Genesis 42:20,34 But bring your youngest brother to me; so shall your words be verified, …

Genesis 43:3 And Judah spoke to him, saying, The man did solemnly protest to us, …

Genesis 44:20-34 And we said to my lord, We have a father, an old man, and a child …

(15) By the life of Pharaoh.--It was common in ancient times to swear by the king's life (see 1Samuel 17:55; 2Samuel 14:19 ), and even by the life of Jehovah (2Samuel 15:21; 2Kings 2:2; 2Kings 2:4; 2Kings 2:6). It is only in the stricter morality of the Gospel that such oaths are forbidden (Matthew 5:33-37).

Hereby ye shall be proved,.... Whether spies, or not, namely, by producing their youngest brother, said to be at home with his father:

by the life of Pharaoh ye shall not go forth hence, except your youngest brother come hither: the phrase, "by the life of Pharaoh", seems to be the form of an oath, as it was common with many nations, especially with the Scythians, who used to swear by the royal throne (a), and the Romans, in later times, by the life, health, and genius of their emperor; and this custom of swearing by the life of their king, or by his head, continued with the Egyptians, as Aben Ezra says, unto his times; though some take this to be a wish or prayer for the life of Pharaoh, and render it, "may Pharaoh live" (b), or, at most, but a strong asseveration, that as dear as the life of Pharaoh was to him, so surely they should not stir from the place where they were, unless their youngest brother Benjamin was brought thither.

(a) Herodot. Melpomene, sive, l. 4. c. 68. (b) "vivat Parhoh", Montanus, Junius & Tremellius; so Ainsworth and Lightfoot. 15. By the life of Pharaoh—It is a very common practice in Western Asia to swear by the life of the king. Joseph spoke in the style of an Egyptian and perhaps did not think there was any evil in it. But we are taught to regard all such expressions in the light of an oath (Mt 5:34; Jas 5:12).42:7-20 Joseph was hard upon his brethren, not from a spirit of revenge, but to bring them to repentance. Not seeing his brother Benjamin, he suspected that they had made away with him, and he gave them occasion to speak of their father and brother. God, in his providence, sometimes seems harsh with those he loves, and speaks roughly to those for whom yet he has great mercy in store. Joseph settled at last, that one of them should be left, and the rest go home and fetch Benjamin. It was a very encouraging word he said to them, I fear God; as if he had said, You may be assured I will do you no wrong; I dare not, for I know there is one higher than I. With those that fear God, we may expect fair dealing.
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