Galatians 3:12
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The law is not based on faith; on the contrary, it says, "The person who does these things will live by them."

New Living Translation
This way of faith is very different from the way of law, which says, "It is through obeying the law that a person has life."

English Standard Version
But the law is not of faith, rather “The one who does them shall live by them.”

New American Standard Bible
However, the Law is not of faith; on the contrary, "HE WHO PRACTICES THEM SHALL LIVE BY THEM."

King James Bible
And the law is not of faith: but, The man that doeth them shall live in them.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But the law is not based on faith; instead, the one who does these things will live by them.

International Standard Version
But the Law has nothing to do with faith. Instead, "The person who keeps the commandments will have life in them."

NET Bible
But the law is not based on faith, but the one who does the works of the law will live by them.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But The Written Law was not from faith, but, “Whoever shall do those things that are written in it shall live in them.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Laws have nothing to do with faith, but, "Whoever obeys laws will live because of the laws he obeys."

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the law is not of faith, but The man that does the commandments shall live by them.

King James 2000 Bible
And the law is not of faith: but, The man that does them shall live in them.

American King James Version
And the law is not of faith: but, The man that does them shall live in them.

American Standard Version
and the law is not of faith; but, He that doeth them shall live in them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But the law is not of faith: but, He that doth those things, shall live in them.

Darby Bible Translation
but the law is not on the principle of faith; but, He that shall have done these things shall live by them.

English Revised Version
and the law is not of faith; but, He that doeth them shall live in them.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the law is not of faith: but, The man that doeth them shall live by them.

Weymouth New Testament
and the Law has nothing to do with faith. It teaches that "he who does these things shall live by doing them."

World English Bible
The law is not of faith, but, "The man who does them will live by them."

Young's Literal Translation
and the law is not by faith, but -- 'The man who did them shall live in them.'
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

3:6-14 The apostle proves the doctrine he had blamed the Galatians for rejecting; namely, that of justification by faith without the works of the law. This he does from the example of Abraham, whose faith fastened upon the word and promise of God, and upon his believing he was owned and accepted of God as a righteous man. The Scripture is said to foresee, because the Holy Spirit that indited the Scripture did foresee. Through faith in the promise of God he was blessed; and it is only in the same way that others obtain this privilege. Let us then study the object, nature, and effects of Abraham's faith; for who can in any other way escape the curse of the holy law? The curse is against all sinners, therefore against all men; for all have sinned, and are become guilty before God: and if, as transgressors of the law, we are under its curse, it must be vain to look for justification by it. Those only are just or righteous who are freed from death and wrath, and restored into a state of life in the favour of God; and it is only through faith that persons become righteous. Thus we see that justification by faith is no new doctrine, but was taught in the church of God, long before the times of the gospel. It is, in truth, the only way wherein any sinners ever were, or can be justified. Though deliverance is not to be expected from the law, there is a way open to escape the curse, and regain the favour of God, namely, through faith in Christ. Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law; being made sin, or a sin-offering, for us, he was made a curse for us; not separated from God, but laid for a time under the Divine punishment. The heavy sufferings of the Son of God, more loudly warn sinners to flee from the wrath to come, than all the curses of the law; for how can God spare any man who remains under sin, seeing that he spared not his own Son, when our sins were charged upon him? Yet at the same time, Christ, as from the cross, freely invites sinners to take refuge in him.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 12. - And the Law is not of faith ( δὲ νόμος οὐκ ἔστιν ἐκ πίστεως); but the Law is not "by faith." This is closely connected with the latter part of the preceding verse, as forming another portion of the proof which is there introduced by "for." Ver. 11 should end with a semicolon, not with a full stop. The δὲ at the beginning of this verse is slightly adversative, setting "the Law" in contrast with the notion of "living by or from faith." These words, "by or from faith" (ἐκ πίστεως), are borrowed from the preceding citation. We may paraphrase thus: The Law does not put forward as its characteristic principle, "by faith;" the characteristic principle of the Law is rather that which we read in the third book of Moses (Leviticus 18:5)," The man who hath actually done them shall live by them." But, The man that doeth them shall live in them (ἀλλ Ὁ ποιήσασ αὐτὰ [ἄνθρωπος] ζήσεται ἐν αὐτοῖς: (the word ἄνθρωπος is omitted by the recent editors, as having crept into the text from the Septuagint); but, He that doeth them shall live in them. The whole verse (Leviticus 18:5) in the Authorized Version, following the Hebrew, stands thus: "And ye shall keep my statutes and my judgments: which if a man do, he shall live in them: I am the Lord." The Septuagint runs thus: "And ye shall keep [or, 'and keep ye'] all my statutes and all my judgments, and ye shall do them [or, 'and do ye them']: the man that doeth them shall live in them (ὁ ποιήσας αὐτὰ ἄνθρωπος ζήσεται ἐν αὐτοῖς) I am the Lord your God." It thus appears that the pronoun "them" recites "my statutes and my judgments." But this the apostle is not at present particularly concerned to specify; his main point here is that the Law requires such and such things to be actually done, before it holds out the prospect of life to be gained thereby. Those under the Law were bound to render strict obedience to all its requirements, whether moral or ceremonial; and whosoever set aside any of whichever class was constituted by the Law a "transgressor" and a man "accursed." As it stands in the passage of Leviticus referred to, the clause which is cited bears not so much the aspect of a promise as of a restrictive statement implying a threatening or warning, and is therefore its harmony with the commination quoted in ver. 10. The "doing" here spoken of differs essentially from evangelical obedience. Comprising as it did its very large proportion the observance of the ceremonial prescriptions (προστάγματα) of the Law, it points to a course of conduct in which a man, striving to earn pardon and acceptance by a meritorious life, had continually to be turning his eye, slavishly and under fear of the "curse" in case of failure, towards an external Law, whose detail of positive enactments, in addition to the regulation of his moral conduct and inward spirit, he was bound with scrupulous exactness to copy in his life. The spiritual obedience of "faith," on the other hand, evolves itself (in the apostle's view) freely and spontaneously from the inward teaching and prompting of God's Spirit, of which it is the natural product or "fruit" (ch. Galatians 5:22). Such are these two forms of religious life when viewed each in its idea. When, however, we compare the spiritual state of many even sincere believers in Christ, so far as we can estimate it, with the spiritual state of (say) the marvellous author of Psalm 119. or of David and other pious Israelites, as disclosed in the exercises of pious feeling garnered in that same devotional book, we cannot fail to perceive that an Israelite under the Law might yet be not "of the works of the Law," but in no small degree qualified to teach the Christian believer himself, even in the life which is "of faith." "Shall live in them;" that is, shall find in them a fountain, as it were, of life. The Targums, Bishop Lightfoot observes, define the meaning of "living" by "life eternal."

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And the law is not of faith,.... The Arabic version adds, "but of man"; which as it is an addition to the text, so it contains false doctrine; for though the law is not of faith, yet not of man, but of God; the law does not consist of faith in Christ, nor does it require it, and that a man should live by it upon his righteousness; it is the Gospel that reveals the righteousness of Christ, and directs and encourages men to believe in him and be saved; nor does the law take any notice of a man's faith; nor has it anything to do with a man as a believer, but as a doer, in the point of justification:

but the man that doth them shall live in them; the passage referred to, is in Leviticus 18:5, the word "them", relates to the statutes and judgments, not of the ceremonial, but of the moral law, which are equally obligatory on Gentiles as on Jews. The Jewish doctors (x) observe on those words, that

"it is not said, priests, Levites, and Israelites, but "the man"; lo, you learn from hence, that even a Gentile that studies in the law, is as an high priest:''

so that whatever man does the things contained in the law, that is, internally as well as externally, for the law is spiritual, reaches the inward part of man, and requires truth there, a conformity of heart and thought unto it, and that does them perfectly and constantly, without the least failure in matter or manner of obedience, such shall live in them and by them; the language of the law is, do this and live; so life, and the continuation of that happy natural life which Adam had in innocence, was promised to him, in case of his persisting in his obedience to the law; and so a long and prosperous life was promised to the Israelites in the land of Canaan, provided they observed the laws and statutes which were commanded them: but since eternal life is a promise made before the world began, is provided for in an everlasting covenant, is revealed in the Gospel, and is the pure gift of God's grace through Christ, it seems that it never was the will of God that it should be obtained by the works of the law; and which is a further proof that there can be no justification in the sight of God by them, see Galatians 3:21.

(x) T. Bab. Avoda Zara, fol. 3. 1.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

12. doeth—Many depended on the law although they did not keep it; but without doing, saith Paul, it is of no use to them (Ro 2:13, 17, 23; 10:5).

Galatians 3:12 Additional Commentaries
Christ Redeemed Us
11Now that no one is justified by the Law before God is evident; for, "THE RIGHTEOUS MAN SHALL LIVE BY FAITH." 12However, the Law is not of faith; on the contrary, "HE WHO PRACTICES THEM SHALL LIVE BY THEM." 13Christ redeemed us from the curse of the Law, having become a curse for us-- for it is written, "CURSED IS EVERYONE WHO HANGS ON A TREE "--…
Cross References
Leviticus 18:5
Keep my decrees and laws, for the person who obeys them will live by them. I am the LORD.

Romans 7:10
I found that the very commandment that was intended to bring life actually brought death.

Romans 10:5
Moses writes this about the righteousness that is by the law: "The person who does these things will live by them."
Treasury of Scripture

And the law is not of faith: but, The man that does them shall live in them.

the law.

Romans 4:4,5,14,16 Now to him that works is the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt…

Romans 9:30-32 What shall we say then? That the Gentiles, which followed not after …

Romans 10:5,6 For Moses describes the righteousness which is of the law, That the …

Romans 11:6 And if by grace, then is it no more of works: otherwise grace is …

The man.

Leviticus 18:5 You shall therefore keep my statutes, and my judgments: which if …

Nehemiah 9:29 And testified against them, that you might bring them again to your …

Ezekiel 20:11,13 And I gave them my statutes, and showed them my judgments, which …

Matthew 19:17 And he said to him, Why call you me good? there is none good but …

Luke 10:25-28 And, behold, a certain lawyer stood up, and tempted him, saying, …

Romans 10:5,6 For Moses describes the righteousness which is of the law, That the …

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