Exodus 20:15
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"You shall not steal.

New Living Translation
"You must not steal.

English Standard Version
“You shall not steal.

New American Standard Bible
"You shall not steal.

King James Bible
Thou shalt not steal.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Do not steal.

International Standard Version
"You are not to steal.

NET Bible
"You shall not steal.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Never steal.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thou shalt not steal.

King James 2000 Bible
You shall not steal.

American King James Version
You shall not steal.

American Standard Version
Thou shalt not steal.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt not steal.

Darby Bible Translation
Thou shalt not steal.

English Revised Version
Thou shalt not steal.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou shalt not steal.

World English Bible
"You shall not steal.

Young's Literal Translation
'Thou dost not steal.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

20:12-17 The laws of the SECOND table, that is, the last six of the ten commandments, state our duty to ourselves and to one another, and explain the great commandment, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself, Lu 10:27. Godliness and honesty must go together. The fifth commandment concerns the duties we owe to our relations. Honour thy father and thy mother, includes esteem of them, shown in our conduct; obedience to their lawful commands; come when they call you, go where they send you, do what they bid you, refrain from what they forbid you; and this, as children, cheerfully, and from a principle of love. Also submission to their counsels and corrections. Endeavouring, in every thing, to comfort parents, and to make their old age easy; maintaining them if they need support, which our Saviour makes to be particularly intended in this commandment, Mt 15:4-6. Careful observers have noted a peculiar blessing in temporal things on obedient, and the reverse on disobedient children. The sixth commandment requires that we regard the life and the safety of others as we do our own. Magistrates and their officers, and witnesses testifying the truth, do not break this command. Self-defence is lawful; but much which is not deemed murder by the laws of man, is such before God. Furious passions, stirred up by anger or by drunkenness, are no excuse: more guilty is murder in duels, which is a horrible effect of a haughty, revengeful spirit. All fighting, whether for wages, for renown, or out of anger and malice, breaks this command, and the bloodshed therein is murder. To tempt men to vice and crimes which shorten life, may be included. Misconduct, such as may break the heart, or shorten the lives of parents, wives, or other relatives, is a breach of this command. This command forbids all envy, malice, hatred, or anger, all provoking or insulting language. The destruction of our own lives is here forbidden. This commandment requires a spirit of kindness, longsuffering, and forgiveness. The seventh commandment concerns chastity. We should be as much afraid of that which defiles the body, as of that which destroys it. Whatever tends to pollute the imagination, or to raise the passions, falls under this law, as impure pictures, books, conversation, or any other like matters. The eighth commandment is the law of love as it respects the property of others. The portion of worldly things allotted us, as far as it is obtained in an honest way, is the bread which God hath given us; for that we ought to be thankful, to be contented with it, and, in the use of lawful means, to trust Providence for the future. Imposing upon the ignorance, easiness, or necessity of others, and many other things, break God's law, though scarcely blamed in society. Plunderers of kingdoms though above human justice, will be included in this sentence. Defrauding the public, contracting debts without prospect of paying them, or evading payment of just debts, extravagance, all living upon charity when not needful, all squeezing the poor in their wages; these, and such things, break this command; which requires industry, frugality, and content, and to do to others, about worldly property, as we would they should do to us. The ninth commandment concerns our own and our neighbour's good name. This forbids speaking falsely on any matter, lying, equivocating, and any way devising or designing to deceive our neighbour. Speaking unjustly against our neighbour, to hurt his reputation. Bearing false witness against him, or in common conversation slandering, backbiting, and tale-bearing; making what is done amiss, worse than it is, and in any way endeavouring to raise our reputation upon the ruin of our neighbour's. How much this command is every day broken among persons of all ranks! The tenth commandment strikes at the root; Thou shalt not covet. The others forbid all desire of doing what will be an injury to our neighbour; this forbids all wrong desire of having what will gratify ourselves.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 15. - Thou shalt not steal. By these words the right of property received formal acknowledgment, and a protest was made by anticipation against the maxim of modern socialists - "La propriete, c'est le vol." Instinctively man feels that some things become his, especially by toil expended on them, and that, by parity of reasoning, some things become his neighbour's. Our third duty towards our neighbour is to respect his rights in these. Society, in every community that has hitherto existed, has recognised private pro-petty; and social order may be said to be built upon it. Government exists mainly for the security of men's lives and properties; and anarchy would supervene if either could be with impunity attacked. Theft has always been punished in every state; and even the Spartan youth was not acquitted of blame unless he could plead that the State had stopped his supplies of food, and bid him forage for himself.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Thou shall not steal. Which is to take away another man's property by force or fraud, without the knowledge, and against the will of the owner thereof. Thefts are of various kinds; there is private theft, picking of pockets, shoplifting, burglary, or breaking into houses in the night, and carrying off goods; public theft, or robbing upon the highways; domestic theft, as when wives take away their husbands' money or goods, and conceal them, or dispose of them without their knowledge and will, children rob their parents, and servants purloin their masters' effects; ecclesiastical theft or sacrilege, and personal theft, as stealing of men and making slaves of them, selling them against their wills; and Jarchi thinks that this is what the Scripture speaks of when it uses this phrase; but though this may be included, it may not be restrained to this particular, since, besides what have been observed, there are many other things that may be reduced to it and are breaches of it; as all overreaching and circumventing in trade and commerce, unjust contracts, not making good and performing payments, detention of servants' wages, unlawful usury, unfaithfulness with respect to anything deposited in a man's hands, advising and encouraging thieves, and receiving from them: the case of the Israelites borrowing of the Egyptians and spoiling them is not to be objected to this law, since that was by the command of God, and was only taking what was due to them for service; however, by this command God let the Israelites know that that was a peculiar case, and not to be drawn into an example, and that they were in other cases not to take away another man's property; and so the case of an hungry man's stealing to satisfy nature is not observed as lawful and laudable, but as what is connived at and indulged, Proverbs 6:30, this law obliges to preserve and secure every man's property to himself, as much as in men lies: this is the eighth commandment.



Exodus 20:15 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Ten Commandments
14"You shall not commit adultery. 15"You shall not steal. 16"You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.…
Cross References
Matthew 19:18
"Which ones?" he inquired. Jesus replied, "'You shall not murder, you shall not commit adultery, you shall not steal, you shall not give false testimony,

Romans 13:9
The commandments, "You shall not commit adultery," "You shall not murder," "You shall not steal," "You shall not covet," and whatever other command there may be, are summed up in this one command: "Love your neighbor as yourself."

Exodus 21:16
"Anyone who kidnaps someone is to be put to death, whether the victim has been sold or is still in the kidnapper's possession.

Leviticus 19:11
"'Do not steal. "'Do not lie. "'Do not deceive one another.

Leviticus 19:13
"'Do not defraud or rob your neighbor. "'Do not hold back the wages of a hired worker overnight.

Deuteronomy 5:19
"You shall not steal.

Zechariah 5:3
And he said to me, "This is the curse that is going out over the whole land; for according to what it says on one side, every thief will be banished, and according to what it says on the other, everyone who swears falsely will be banished.
Treasury of Scripture

You shall not steal.

Exodus 21:16 And he that steals a man, and sells him, or if he be found in his …

Leviticus 6:1-7 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying…

Leviticus 19:11,13,35-37 You shall not steal, neither deal falsely, neither lie one to another…

Deuteronomy 24:7 If a man be found stealing any of his brothers of the children of …

Deuteronomy 25:13-16 You shall not have in your bag divers weights, a great and a small…

Job 20:19-22 Because he has oppressed and has forsaken the poor; because he has …

Proverbs 1:13-15 We shall find all precious substance, we shall fill our houses with spoil…

Proverbs 11:1 A false balance is abomination to the LORD: but a just weight is his delight.

Amos 3:10 For they know not to do right, said the LORD, who store up violence …

Amos 8:4-6 Hear this, O you that swallow up the needy, even to make the poor …

Micah 6:10,11 Are there yet the treasures of wickedness in the house of the wicked, …

Micah 7:3 That they may do evil with both hands earnestly, the prince asks, …

Zechariah 5:3,4 Then said he to me, This is the curse that goes forth over the face …

Matthew 15:19 For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, …

Matthew 19:18 He said to him, Which? Jesus said, You shall do no murder, You shall …

Matthew 21:13 And said to them, It is written, My house shall be called the house …

Luke 3:14,14 And the soldiers likewise demanded of him, saying, And what shall …

John 12:6 This he said, not that he cared for the poor; but because he was …

1 Corinthians 6:10 Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortionists, …

Ephesians 4:28 Let him that stole steal no more: but rather let him labor, working …

1 Thessalonians 4:6 That no man go beyond and defraud his brother in any matter: because …

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