Preparation
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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
PREPARATION

prep-a-ra'-shun: The concordances indicate that the word "preparation" occurs only twice in the Old Testament, once in 1 Chronicles 22:5, where it is used in the ordinary sense "to make preparation," and once in Nahum 2:3, "in the day of his preparation," both of them translating the same Hebrew root and requiring no special elucidation. In Ephesians 6:15 the apostle speaks of the equipment of the Christian as including the "feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace," which means, according to Thayer, "with the promptitude and alacrity which the gospel produces."

The word occurs with technical significance ("the Preparation") in the gospel narratives of the crucifixion, translating the Greek paraskeue (Matthew 27:62 Mark 15:42 Luke 23:54 John 19:14, 31, 42). It is used as a technical term indicating the day of the preparation for the Sabbath, that is, the evening of Friday. This is its use in Josephus, Ant, XVI, vi, 2, and presumably in the Synoptics. Later its use seems to have been extended to denote regularly the 6th day (Friday) of each week. So in the Didache, viii and the Martyrdom of Polycarp, vii.

The addition of the phrase tou pascha, "of the passover," in John 19:14, and of the phrase "for the day of that sabbath was a high day," in 19:31, seems to indicate that the author of the Fourth Gospel regarded the Passover as occurring on the Sabbath in the year of the crucifixion. This is clearly the natural interpretation of the words of John's Gospel, and if it were not for the seeming contradiction to the narrative of the Synoptics it is very doubtful whether any other interpretation would ever have been put upon them. This question is discussed in the articles on the date of the crucifixion and the Lord's Supper, and it will be necessary only to allude to it here.

It is possible that the phrase the "Preparation of the passover" in John 19:14 may mean it was the preparation day (Friday) of the Passover week (see Andrews, Life of our Lord, 451;; and most recently Zahn, Das Evangelium des Johannes, 1908, 637;). This method of harmonizing seems to the present writer to be forced, and it therefore seems wiser to give to the words of John 19:14 their natural interpretation, and to maintain that, according to the author of the Fourth Gospel, the Passover had not been celebrated at the time of the crucifixion. There seems to be reason to believe that the ordinary view that the Lord's Supper was instituted in connection with the Passover, based upon the narrative in Mark (14:12;), does not have the unanimous support of the Synoptic Gospels.

LITERATURE.

In addition to references in the body of the article, the commentaries, especially Plummer, Cambridge Bible, "St. John," Appendix A; Allen, ICC, "St. Matthew," 270-74; Godet, Commentary on the New Testament; Gospel of John, English translation, New York, 1886, II, 378, 379; and the significant articles on the interpretation of Luke 22:15, 16 by Burkitt and Brooke, Journal of Theological Studies, IX, 569;, and by Box, ib, X, 106.

Walter R. Betteridge

Greek
3904. paraskeue -- preparation, the day of preparation (for a ...
... preparation, the day of preparation (for a Sabbath or feast). Part of Speech: Noun,
Feminine Transliteration: paraskeue Phonetic Spelling: (par-ask-yoo-ay ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/3904.htm - 6k

2091. hetoimasia -- preparation
... preparation. Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration: hetoimasia Phonetic
Spelling: (het-oy-mas-ee'-ah) Short Definition: preparation, readiness ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2091.htm - 6k

1780. entaphiasmos -- preparation for burial
... preparation for burial. Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration: entaphiasmos
Phonetic Spelling: (en-taf-ee-as-mos') Short Definition: embalming ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/1780.htm - 6k

3487. nardos -- nard, ointment of nard
... 3487 -- nard (spikenard); an Indian plant, "used for the preparation of a fragrant
ointment; Mk 14:3; Jn 12:3" (). When refined, nard is a "perfume, made ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/3487.htm - 6k

Strong's Hebrew
8499. tekunah -- arrangement, preparation, fixed place
... 8498, 8499. tekunah. 8500 . arrangement, preparation, fixed place. Transliteration:
tekunah Phonetic Spelling: (tek-oo-naw') Short Definition: seat. ...
/hebrew/8499.htm - 6k

3559. kun -- to be firm
... made it ready (1), made preparations (1), made provision (1), made...preparations
(1), made...ready (1), maintain his position (1), make preparation (1), make ...
/hebrew/3559.htm - 7k

4633. maarak -- an arrangement
... preparation. From arak; an arrangement, ie (figuratively) mental disposition --
preparation. see HEBREW arak. 4632, 4633. maarak. 4634 . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/4633.htm - 6k

Library

Of Preparation.
... I. Of Preparation. ... Fourthly, Because it has been ever the practice of all God's saints,
to use holy preparation before they would meddle with divine mysteries. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/bayly/the practice of piety/i of preparation.htm

Preparation for Worship
... HYMNS OF THE EARLY CHURCH Preparation for Worship. 8,6,8,6 Preparation for Worship.
How shall we climb the hill of God,. And stand before His face". ...
/.../brownlie/hymns of the early church/preparation for worship.htm

Preparation for Revival
... Preparation for Revival. A Sermon (No.597). Delivered on Sunday October 30th, 1864
by. CH SPURGEON,. At the Metropolitan Tabernacle, Newington. ...
/.../spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 10 1864/preparation for revival.htm

Whether Circumcision was a Preparation For, and a Figure of ...
... OF CIRCUMCISION (FOUR ARTICLES) Whether circumcision was a preparation
for, and a figure of Baptism? Objection 1: It seems that ...
/.../aquinas/summa theologica/whether circumcision was a preparation.htm

The Holy Communion the Preparation.
... The Holy Communion The Preparation. I. The Preparation. 10,9,10,7,5,8,8,8,8,5. Herr
Jesu Christe mein getreuer Hirte. [205]Johann Heermann.1630. ...
/.../the holy communion the preparation.htm

Whether a Preparation or Disposition for Grace is Required on the ...
... Article Two Whether a Preparation or Disposition for Grace is required on
the part of man. Whether a Preparation or Disposition for ...
/.../aquinas/nature and grace/article two whether a preparation.htm

The Preparation of Punishment is the Act of the Divine Pleasure...
... THESIS 17 The preparation of punishment is the act of the divine pleasure´┐Ż
The preparation of punishment is the act of the divine ...
/.../arminius/the works of james arminius vol 3/thesis 17 the preparation of.htm

On the Preparation of a Burial Ground.
... ORIGINAL HYMNS HYMN CCCIII. On the Preparation of a Burial Ground. 8.8.8.8
James Montgomery. On the Preparation of a Burial Ground. ...
/.../montgomery/sacred poems and hymns/hymn ccciii on the preparation.htm

The Preparation of the Heart.
... ORIGINAL HYMNS HYMN LXV. The Preparation of the Heart. 8.6.8.6 James Montgomery.
The Preparation of the Heart. Lord, teach us how to pray aright,. ...
/.../montgomery/sacred poems and hymns/hymn lxv the preparation of.htm

Preparation for Heaven.
... ORIGINAL HYMNS HYMN CCXXVII. Preparation for Heaven. 8.8.8.8 James Montgomery.
Preparation for Heaven. Heaven is a place of rest from sin; ...
/.../montgomery/sacred poems and hymns/hymn ccxxvii preparation for heaven.htm

ATS Bible Dictionary
Preparation

The day on which our Savior was crucified was called the "day of preparation," or "the preparation of the Passover," as preceding the Passover Sabbath, which commend at sunset, Matthew 27:62; John 19:31.

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) The act of preparing or fitting beforehand for a particular purpose, use, service, or condition; previous arrangement or adaptation; a making ready; as, the preparation of land for a crop of wheat; the preparation of troops for a campaign.

2. (n.) The state of being prepared or made ready; preparedness; readiness; fitness; as, a nation in good preparation for war.

3. (n.) That which makes ready, prepares the way, or introduces; a preparatory act or measure.

4. (n.) That which is prepared, made, or compounded by a certain process or for a particular purpose; a combination. Specifically: (a) Any medicinal substance fitted for use. (b) Anything treated for preservation or examination as a specimen. (c) Something prepared for use in cookery.

5. (n.) An army or fleet.

6. (n.) The holding over of a note from one chord into the next chord, where it forms a temporary discord, until resolved in the chord that follows; the anticipation of a discordant note in the preceding concord, so that the ear is prepared for the shock. See Suspension.

7. (n.) Accomplishment; qualification.

Thesaurus
Preparation (28 Occurrences)
... or fitting beforehand for a particular purpose, use, service, or condition; previous
arrangement or adaptation; a making ready; as, the preparation of land for ...
/p/preparation.htm - 19k

Preparation-day (1 Occurrence)
Preparation-day. Preparation, Preparation-day. Preparations .
Multi-Version Concordance Preparation-day (1 Occurrence). ...
/p/preparation-day.htm - 6k

Amos (12 Occurrences)
... a'-mos (`amoc, "burdensome" or "burden-bearer"; Amos): I. THE PROPHET 1. Name 2.
Native Place 3. Personal History 4. His Preparation (1) Knowledge of God (2 ...
/a/amos.htm - 44k

Elisha (70 Occurrences)
... God is salvalion"; Septuagint Eleisaie; New Testament Elisaios, Eliseus, (Luke
4:27 the King James Version): Contents I. HIS CALL AND PREPARATION 1. His Call 2 ...
/e/elisha.htm - 61k

Providence (3 Occurrences)
... Noah Webster's Dictionary. 1. (n.) The act of providing or preparing for
future use or application; a making ready; preparation. ...
/p/providence.htm - 44k

Preparations (16 Occurrences)
... house that is to be builded for the LORD must be exceeding magnificent, of fame
and of glory throughout all countries; I will therefore make preparation for him ...
/p/preparations.htm - 11k

Exploration
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. PALESTINE EXPLORATION. (as of 1915) " Preliminary
Consideration I. ERA OF PREPARATION 1. Outside of ... I. Era of Preparation. ...
/e/exploration.htm - 38k

Precious (128 Occurrences)
... of the breastplate were made from Hebrew texts absolutely identical in respect of
the names of the stones with those used for the preparation of the English ...
/p/precious.htm - 71k

Great (10383 Occurrences)
... 2. His Preparation for His Career: He was also preparing his son for his
career. Alexander was, partly no doubt from being the pupil ...
/g/great.htm - 35k

Wash (105 Occurrences)
... 20. (n.) A liquid preparation for the hair; as, a hair wash. 21. (n.) A medical
preparation in a liquid form for external application; a lotion. 22. ...
/w/wash.htm - 45k

Bible Concordance
Preparation (28 Occurrences)

Matthew 22:4 "Again he sent other servants with a message to those who were invited. "'My breakfast is now ready," he said, 'my bullocks and fat cattle are killed, and every preparation is made: come to the wedding.'
(WEY)

Matthew 27:62 Now on the next day, which was the day after the Preparation Day, the chief priests and the Pharisees were gathered together to Pilate,
(WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Mark 14:8 What she could she did: she has perfumed my body in preparation for my burial.
(WEY)

Mark 14:15 Then he will himself show you a large room upstairs, ready furnished: there make preparation for us."
(WEY NIV)

Mark 15:42 When evening had now come, because it was the Preparation Day, that is, the day before the Sabbath,
(WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Luke 12:47 And that servant who has been told his Master's will and yet made no preparation and did not obey His will, will receive many lashes.
(WEY)

Luke 23:54 It was the day of the Preparation, and the Sabbath was drawing near.
(WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

John 4:36 The reaper gets pay and gathers in a crop in preparation for the Life of the Ages, that so the sower and the reapers may rejoice together.
(WEY)

John 12:7 But Jesus interposed. "Do not blame her," He said, "allow her to have kept it for the time of my preparation for burial.
(WEY DBY)

John 19:14 Now it was the Preparation Day of the Passover, at about the sixth hour. He said to the Jews, "Behold, your King!"
(WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

John 19:31 Therefore the Jews, because it was the Preparation Day, so that the bodies wouldn't remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a special one), asked of Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.
(WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

John 19:42 Then because of the Jews' Preparation Day (for the tomb was near at hand) they laid Jesus there.
(WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Galatians 3:23 Before this faith came, we Jews were perpetual prisoners under the Law, living under restraints and limitations in preparation for the faith which was soon to be revealed.
(WEY)

Ephesians 4:30 And beware of grieving the Holy Spirit of God, in whom you have been sealed in preparation for the day of Redemption.
(WEY)

Ephesians 6:15 and having fitted your feet with the preparation of the Good News of peace;
(WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)

Philippians 1:6 For of this I am confident, that He who has begun a good work within you will go on to perfect it in preparation for the day of Jesus Christ.
(WEY)

Philippians 1:10 so that you may be men of transparent character, and may be blameless, in preparation for the day of Christ,
(WEY)

2 Timothy 4:18 The Lord will deliver me from every cruel attack and will keep me safe in preparation for His heavenly Kingdom. To Him be the glory until the Ages of the Ages! Amen.
(WEY)

2 Peter 3:7 But the present heavens and the present earth are, by the command of the same God, kept stored up, reserved for fire in preparation for a day of judgement and of destruction for the ungodly.
(WEY)

Jude 1:6 And angels--those who did not keep the position originally assigned to them, but deserted their own proper abode--He reserves in everlasting bonds, in darkness, in preparation for the judgement of the great day.
(WEY)

Exodus 30:32 Upon man's flesh shall it not be poured, neither shall ye make any like it, after the preparation of it: it is holy holy shall it be unto you.
(DBY)

Numbers 11:18 "Say to the people,'Sanctify yourselves against tomorrow, and you will eat flesh; for you have wept in the ears of Yahweh, saying, "Who will give us flesh to eat? For it was well with us in Egypt." Therefore Yahweh will give you flesh, and you will eat.
(See NIV)

Joshua 7:13 "Get up! Sanctify the people, and say,'Sanctify yourselves for tomorrow, for Yahweh, the God of Israel, says, "There is a devoted thing in the midst of you, Israel. You cannot stand before your enemies until you take away the devoted thing from among you."
(See NIV)

1 Samuel 23:22 go, I pray you, prepare yet, and know and see his place where his foot is; who hath seen him there? for 'one' hath said unto me, He is very subtile.
(See NIV)

1 Chronicles 12:39 They were there with David three days, eating and drinking; for their brothers had made preparation for them.
(WEB JPS ASV RSV)

1 Chronicles 22:5 David said, Solomon my son is young and tender, and the house that is to be built for Yahweh must be exceedingly magnificent, of fame and of glory throughout all countries: I will therefore make preparation for it. So David prepared abundantly before his death.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)

2 Chronicles 29:36 and rejoice doth Hezekiah and all the people, because of God's giving preparation to the people, for the thing hath been suddenly.
(YLT)

Nahum 2:3 The shield of his mighty men is made red. The valiant men are in scarlet. The chariots flash with steel in the day of his preparation, and the pine spears are brandished.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)

Subtopics

Preparation

Preparation Day

Preparation Day: General Scriptures Concerning

Related Terms

Preparation-day (1 Occurrence)

Amos (12 Occurrences)

Elisha (70 Occurrences)

Providence (3 Occurrences)

Preparations (16 Occurrences)

Exploration

Precious (128 Occurrences)

Great (10383 Occurrences)

Wash (105 Occurrences)

Improvise (1 Occurrence)

Towards (416 Occurrences)

Plagues (28 Occurrences)

Provision (50 Occurrences)

Pan (26 Occurrences)

Before (18954 Occurrences)

Concordance

Stones (244 Occurrences)

Flash (19 Occurrences)

Perfume (202 Occurrences)

Eucharist

Supper (17 Occurrences)

Baptist (16 Occurrences)

Pauline

Jews (287 Occurrences)

Passover (81 Occurrences)

Judgement (68 Occurrences)

Alexander (5 Occurrences)

Testaments

Subapostolic

Sub-apostolic

Between (2624 Occurrences)

Forgiveness (124 Occurrences)

Yeast (48 Occurrences)

Quiver (9 Occurrences)

Quantity (18 Occurrences)

Nicodemus (5 Occurrences)

Upstairs (8 Occurrences)

Unawares (14 Occurrences)

Originally (4 Occurrences)

Original (6 Occurrences)

Official (45 Occurrences)

Ordinance (89 Occurrences)

O'clock (16 Occurrences)

Oven (22 Occurrences)

Journey (214 Occurrences)

Jewish (49 Occurrences)

Legs (50 Occurrences)

Lashes (6 Occurrences)

Legislation

Limitations (3 Occurrences)

Grieving (12 Occurrences)

Gathered (384 Occurrences)

Gnat (1 Occurrence)

Gets (122 Occurrences)

Ground (538 Occurrences)

Glitter (3 Occurrences)

Good-news (1 Occurrence)

Wedding (24 Occurrences)

Wouldn't (67 Occurrences)

Waste (668 Occurrences)

Week (18 Occurrences)

Inexperienced (2 Occurrences)

Ink (4 Occurrences)

Interposed (5 Occurrences)

Firstfruits (37 Occurrences)

Followed (201 Occurrences)

Fir-trees (11 Occurrences)

Firs (9 Occurrences)

Fitted (13 Occurrences)

First-fruits (45 Occurrences)

Fore-sabbath (1 Occurrence)

Forwardness (2 Occurrences)

Fasting (34 Occurrences)

Flagrant (3 Occurrences)

Food (2953 Occurrences)

Fining (2 Occurrences)

Fit (47 Occurrences)

Formula (2 Occurrences)

Famous (20 Occurrences)

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