2 Samuel 23:12
Parallel Verses
New International Version
But Shammah took his stand in the middle of the field. He defended it and struck the Philistines down, and the LORD brought about a great victory.

New Living Translation
but Shammah held his ground in the middle of the field and beat back the Philistines. So the LORD brought about a great victory.

English Standard Version
But he took his stand in the midst of the plot and defended it and struck down the Philistines, and the LORD worked a great victory.

New American Standard Bible
But he took his stand in the midst of the plot, defended it and struck the Philistines; and the LORD brought about a great victory.

King James Bible
But he stood in the midst of the ground, and defended it, and slew the Philistines: and the LORD wrought a great victory.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
but Shammah took his stand in the middle of the field, defended it, and struck down the Philistines. So the LORD brought about a great victory.

International Standard Version
but Shammah stood his ground in the middle of the field, defended it, and killed the Philistines. And the LORD brought about a great victory.

NET Bible
But he made a stand in the middle of that area. He defended it and defeated the Philistines; the LORD gave them a great victory.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
he stood in the middle of the field and defended it by killing Philistines. So the LORD won an impressive victory.

Jubilee Bible 2000
But he stood in the midst of the inheritance and defended it and slew the Philistines, and the LORD wrought a great salvation.

King James 2000 Bible
But he stood in the middle of the field, and defended it, and slew the Philistines: and the LORD brought about a great victory.

American King James Version
But he stood in the middle of the ground, and defended it, and slew the Philistines: and the LORD worked a great victory.

American Standard Version
But he stood in the midst of the plot, and defended it, and slew the Philistines; and Jehovah wrought a great victory.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He stood in the midst of the field, and defended it, and defeated the Philistines: and the Lord gave a great victory.

Darby Bible Translation
and he stood in the midst of the plot and delivered it, and smote the Philistines, and Jehovah wrought a great deliverance.

English Revised Version
But he stood in the midst of the plot, and defended it, and slew the Philistines: and the LORD wrought a great victory.

Webster's Bible Translation
But he stood in the midst of the ground, and defended it, and slew the Philistines: and the LORD wrought a great victory.

World English Bible
But he stood in the midst of the plot, and defended it, and killed the Philistines; and Yahweh worked a great victory.

Young's Literal Translation
and he stationeth himself in the midst of the portion, and delivereth it, and smiteth the Philistines, and Jehovah worketh a great salvation.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

23:8-39 David once earnestly longed for the water at the well of Bethlehem. It seems to be an instance of weakness. He was thirsty; with the water of that well he had often refreshed himself when a youth, and it was without due thought that he desired it. Were his valiant men so forward to expose themselves, upon the least hint of their prince's mind, and so eager to please him, and shall not we long to approve ourselves to our Lord Jesus, by ready compliance with his will, as shown us by his word, Spirit, and providence? But David poured out the water as a drink-offering to the Lord. Thus he would cross his own foolish fancy, and punish himself for indulging it, and show that he had sober thoughts to correct his rash ones, and knew how to deny himself. Did David look upon that water as very precious which was got at the hazard of these men's blood, and shall not we much more value those benefits for purchasing which our blessed Saviour shed his blood? Let all beware of neglecting so great salvation.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

But he stood in the midst of the ground,.... The field of lentiles:

and defended it; the field, so that the Philistines could not ravage it, and get food and forage from it:

and slew the Philistines; made a great slaughter among them, entirely routed them, so that they that escaped his sword were obliged to flee:

and the Lord wrought a great victory; to whom the glory of it belonged; a similar fact is ascribed to Eleazar before mentioned in 1 Chronicles 11:13; and, indeed, it seems to be the same, and in which they were both concerned; for it is plain from the account that there were more than one engaged in this action, since it is there said, "and they set themselves in the midst of that parcel"; and though that parcel of ground is said there to be full of barley, it may easily be reconciled by observing, that one part of it might be sowed with barley, and the other part with lentiles; so the Targum in 1 Chronicles 11:13; for it was half lentiles and half barley; and Eleazar might be placed to defend the one, and Shammah the other; from whence it appears it was about March when this action was, at the latter end of which barley harvest began.



2 Samuel 23:12 Additional Commentaries
Context
David's Mighty Men
11Now after him was Shammah the son of Agee a Hararite. And the Philistines were gathered into a troop where there was a plot of ground full of lentils, and the people fled from the Philistines. 12But he took his stand in the midst of the plot, defended it and struck the Philistines; and the LORD brought about a great victory. 13Then three of the thirty chief men went down and came to David in the harvest time to the cave of Adullam, while the troop of the Philistines was camping in the valley of Rephaim.…
Cross References
2 Samuel 23:10
but Eleazar stood his ground and struck down the Philistines till his hand grew tired and froze to the sword. The LORD brought about a great victory that day. The troops returned to Eleazar, but only to strip the dead.

1 Chronicles 11:13
He was with David at Pas Dammim when the Philistines gathered there for battle. At a place where there was a field full of barley, the troops fled from the Philistines.
Treasury of Scripture

But he stood in the middle of the ground, and defended it, and slew the Philistines: and the LORD worked a great victory.

the Lord

2 Samuel 23:10 He arose, and smote the Philistines until his hand was weary, and …

Psalm 3:8 Salvation belongs to the LORD: your blessing is on your people. Selah.

Psalm 44:2 How you did drive out the heathen with your hand, and planted them; …

Proverbs 21:31 The horse is prepared against the day of battle: but safety is of the LORD.

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OT History: 2 Samuel 23:12 But he stood in the midst (2Sa iiSam 2 Sam ii sam) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools

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