Usury
Jump to: TopicalSmith'sATSISBEEaston'sWebster'sConcordanceThesaurusGreekHebrewLibrarySubtopicsTerms
Topical Bible Verses
Ezekiel 22:12
In you have they taken gifts to shed blood; you have taken usury and increase, and you have greedily gained of your neighbors by extortion, and have forgotten me, said the Lord GOD.
Topicalbible.org

Exodus 22:25
If you lend money to any of my people that is poor by you, you shall not be to him as an usurer, neither shall you lay on him usury.
Topicalbible.org

Deuteronomy 23:19
You shall not lend on usury to your brother; usury of money, usury of victuals, usury of any thing that is lent on usury:
Topicalbible.org

Luke 6:35
But love you your enemies, and do good, and lend, hoping for nothing again; and your reward shall be great, and you shall be the children of the Highest: for he is kind to the unthankful and to the evil.
Topicalbible.org

Ezekiel 18:17
That has taken off his hand from the poor, that has not received usury nor increase, has executed my judgments, has walked in my statutes; he shall not die for the iniquity of his father, he shall surely live.
Topicalbible.org

Psalm 15:5
He that puts not out his money to usury, nor takes reward against the innocent. He that does these things shall never be moved.
Topicalbible.org

Proverbs 28:8
He that by usury and unjust gain increases his substance, he shall gather it for him that will pity the poor.
Topicalbible.org

Ezekiel 18:8
He that has not given forth on usury, neither has taken any increase, that has withdrawn his hand from iniquity, has executed true judgment between man and man,
Topicalbible.org

Ezekiel 18:13
Has given forth on usury, and has taken increase: shall he then live? he shall not live: he has done all these abominations; he shall surely die; his blood shall be on him.
Topicalbible.org

Matthew 25:27
You ought therefore to have put my money to the exchangers, and then at my coming I should have received my own with usury.
Topicalbible.org

Easton's Bible Dictionary
The sum paid for the use of money, hence interest; not, as in the modern sense, exorbitant interest. The Jews were forbidden to exact usury (Leviticus 25:36, 37), only, however, in their dealings with each other (Deuteronomy 23:19, 20). The violation of this law was viewed as a great crime (Psalm 15:5; Proverbs 28:8; Jeremiah 15:10). After the Return, and later, this law was much neglected (Nehemiah 5:7, 10).
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) The practice of lending money at an excessive rate of interest.

2. (v. t.) Interest in excess of a legal rate charged to a borrower for the use of money.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
USURY

u'-zhu-ri:

1. In the Old Testament:

The Hebrew law concerning exaction of interest upon loans was very humane. Hebrews were to lend to their brethren without interest (Exodus 22:25 Leviticus 25:36 Deuteronomy 23:19 f). This, however, did not apply to a stranger (Deuteronomy 23:20). Two stems are used in the Old Testament, rendered in the King James Version "usury," in the Revised Version (British and American) better rendered "interest":

(1) verb nashah (Exodus 22:25 Isaiah 24:2 Jeremiah 15:10), and the noun form, mashsha' (Nehemiah 5:7, 10);

(2) a stronger and more picturesque word, nashakh, "to bite," "to vex," and so "to lend on interest" (Deuteronomy 23:19, 20); noun form neshekh (Exodus 22:25 Leviticus 25:36 Psalm 15:5 Proverbs 28:8 Ezekiel 18:8, 13, 17; Ezekiel 22:12).

It would be easy to go from a fair rate of interest to an unfair rate, as seen in the history of the word "usury," which has come to mean an exorbitant or unlawful interest. Abuses arose during the exile. Nehemiah forced the people after the return to-give back exactions of "one hundredth," or 1 percent monthly which they took from their brethren (Nehemiah 5:10; compare Ezekiel 22:12). A good citizen of Zion is one who did not put out his money to usury (Psalm 15:5). One who is guilty of this comes to disaster (Proverbs 28:8).

2. In the New Testament:

The Greek word is tokos, literally, "offspring," interest springing out of the principal. Money lenders were numerous among the Jews in Christ's day, and, in the parable of the Talents, He represents the lord of the unprofitable servant as rebuking the sloth in the words, "I should have received mine own with interest" (Matthew 25:27 Luke 19:23 the Revised Version (British and American)).

Edward Bagby Pollard

Greek
5110. tokos -- a bringing forth, birth, fig. interest, usury
... interest, usury. Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration: tokos Phonetic
Spelling: (tok'-os) Short Definition: interest, usury Definition: interest ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/5110.htm - 6k
Strong's Hebrew
4855. mashsha -- lending on interest, usury
... 4854, 4855. mashsha. 4856 . lending on interest, usury. Transliteration:
mashsha Phonetic Spelling: (mash-shaw') Short Definition: usury. ...
/hebrew/4855.htm - 6k

5392. neshek -- interest, usury
... 5391b, 5392. neshek. 5393 . interest, usury. Transliteration: neshek Phonetic
Spelling: (neh'-shek) Short Definition: interest. ... usury. ...
/hebrew/5392.htm - 6k

8636. tarbith -- increment, interest, usury
... 8635, 8636. tarbith. 8637 . increment, interest, usury. Transliteration: tarbith
Phonetic Spelling: (tar-beeth') Short Definition: increase. ...
/hebrew/8636.htm - 6k

5391. nashak -- to bite
... bite, lend upon usury A primitive root; to strike with a sting (as a serpent);
figuratively, to oppress with interest on a loan -- bite, lend upon usury. ...
/hebrew/5391.htm - 5k

5378. nasha -- to beguile, deceive
... 3), deluded (1), utterly deceived (1). debt, exact, giver of usury. A
primitive root (perhaps identical with nasha', through the ...
/hebrew/5378.htm - 6k

5383. nashah -- to lend, become a creditor
... 1), make the loan (1). creditor, exact, extortioner, lend, usurer, lend
on taker on usury. A primitive root (rather identical with ...
/hebrew/5383.htm - 6k

Library

Excursus on Usury.
... Excursus on Usury. The famous canonist Van Espen defines usury thus: "Usura
definitur lucrum ex mutuo exactum aut speratum;" [96 ...
/.../schaff/the seven ecumenical councils/excursus on usury.htm

Whether it is a Sin to Take Usury for Money Lent?
... (E) BY SINS COMMITTED IN LOANS (Q ) Whether it is a sin to take usury
for money lent? Objection 1: It would seem that it is not ...
//christianbookshelf.org/aquinas/summa theologica/whether it is a sin.htm

Concerning Loans Prohibition of Usury and the Usurious Spirit. The ...
... In Which Tertullian Pursues His Argument. Jesus is the Christ of the Creator. Chapter
XVII."Concerning Loans Prohibition of Usury and the Usurious Spirit. ...
/.../the five books against marcion/chapter xvii concerning loans prohibition of.htm

That we must not Take Usury.
... That we must not take usury. In the thirteenth Psalm: [4429] "He that hath not given
his money upon usury, and has not received gifts concerning the innocent. ...
/.../cyprian/three books of testimonies against the jews/48 that we must not.htm

Whether a Man is Bound to Restore Whatever Profits He Has Made Out ...
... (E) BY SINS COMMITTED IN LOANS (Q ) Whether a man is bound to restore whatever
profits he has made out of money gotten by usury? ...
//christianbookshelf.org/aquinas/summa theologica/whether a man is bound 5.htm

Whether it is Lawful to Borrow Money under a Condition of Usury?
... (E) BY SINS COMMITTED IN LOANS (Q ) Whether it is lawful to borrow money
under a condition of usury? Objection 1: It would seem ...
/...//christianbookshelf.org/aquinas/summa theologica/whether it is lawful to 17.htm

They who are of the Sacerdotal Order Ought not to Lend and Receive ...
... Canon IV. They who are of the sacerdotal order ought not to lend and receive
usury... A priest is not to receive usury nor hemioliæ. ...
/.../schaff/the seven ecumenical councils/canon iv they who are.htm

A Bishop, or Presbyter, or Deacon who Receives Usury...
... Canon X. A bishop, or presbyter, or deacon who receives usury... A bishop, presbyter,
or deacon who takes usury shall be deposed unless he stops doing so. ...
/.../schaff/the seven ecumenical councils/canon x a bishop or.htm

Forasmuch as Many Enrolled among the Clergy, Following ...
... among the Clergy, following covetousness and lust of gain, have forgotten the divine
Scripture, which says, "He hath not given his money upon usury," and in ...
/.../schaff/the seven ecumenical councils/canon xvii forasmuch as many.htm

By Sins Committed in Loans
... OF THE SIN OF USURY (FOUR ARTICLES) We must now consider the sin of usury, which
is committed in loans: and under this head there are four points of inquiry: ...
//christianbookshelf.org/aquinas/summa theologica/e by sins committed in.htm

Thesaurus
Usury (17 Occurrences)
... The Jews were forbidden to exact usury (Leviticus 25:36, 37), only, however, in
their dealings with each other (Deuteronomy 23:19, 20). ...USURY. ...
/u/usury.htm - 15k

Victuals (32 Occurrences)
... (ASV WBS). Leviticus 25:37 Thou shalt not give him thy money upon usury, nor
lend him thy victuals for increase. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS). ...
/v/victuals.htm - 17k

Usurious (1 Occurrence)
... Noah Webster's Dictionary 1. (a.) Practicing usury; taking illegal or exorbitant
interest for the use of money; as, a usurious lender. ...
/u/usurious.htm - 6k

Loan (9 Occurrences)
... At a later period of the Hebrew commonwealth, when commerce increased, the practice
of exacting usury or interest on loans, and of suretiship in the commercial ...
/l/loan.htm - 16k

Lend (21 Occurrences)
... lend" (Deuteronomy 24:11 Jeremiah 15:10); nashah (same root as last, though different
verb stem, Hiphil), "to cause to bite," "lend on usury" (Deuteronomy 15:2 ...
/l/lend.htm - 18k

Interest (35 Occurrences)
... The Hebrew words are usually translated "usury," but this meant the same as interest,
all interest being reckoned as usury. ... See also USURY. JJ Reeve. ...
/i/interest.htm - 21k

Banking
... (3) "Usury" in English Versions of the Bible is simply Old English for what we today
call "interest," ie the sum paid for the use of money, Latin usura; and ...
/b/banking.htm - 13k

Debt (48 Occurrences)
...Usury was strongly condemned (Proverbs 28:8; Ezek. ... We read of bankers, exchangers,
moneychangers, interest, investments, usury (Matthew 25:16-27 John 2:13-17). ...
/d/debt.htm - 28k

Bank (28 Occurrences)
... (3) "Usury" in English Versions of the Bible is simply Old English for what we today
call "interest," ie the sum paid for the use of money, Latin usura; and ...
/b/bank.htm - 26k

Lender (4 Occurrences)
... as with the maid, so with her mistress; as with the buyer, so with the seller; as
with the lender, so with the borrower; as with the taker of usury, so with ...
/l/lender.htm - 7k

Concordance
Usury (17 Occurrences)

Matthew 25:27
Thou oughtest therefore to have put my money to the exchangers, and then at my coming I should have received mine own with usury.
(KJV)

Luke 19:23
Wherefore then gavest not thou my money into the bank, that at my coming I might have required mine own with usury?
(KJV)

Exodus 22:25
If thou lend money to any of my people that is poor by thee, thou shalt not be to him as an usurer, neither shalt thou lay upon him usury.
(KJV WBS YLT)

Leviticus 25:36
Take thou no usury of him, or increase: but fear thy God; that thy brother may live with thee.
(KJV DBY YLT)

Leviticus 25:37
Thou shalt not give him thy money upon usury, nor lend him thy victuals for increase.
(KJV DBY YLT)

Deuteronomy 23:19
Thou shalt not lend upon usury to thy brother; usury of money, usury of victuals, usury of any thing that is lent upon usury:
(KJV YLT)

Deuteronomy 23:20
Unto a stranger thou mayest lend upon usury; but unto thy brother thou shalt not lend upon usury: that the LORD thy God may bless thee in all that thou settest thine hand to in the land whither thou goest to possess it.
(KJV YLT)

Nehemiah 5:7
Then I consulted with myself, and contended with the nobles and the rulers, and said to them, You exact usury, everyone of his brother. I held a great assembly against them.
(WEB KJV ASV DBY YLT NAS NIV)

Nehemiah 5:10
I likewise, my brothers and my servants, do lend them money and grain. Please let us leave off this usury.
(WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Nehemiah 5:11
Please restore to them, even this day, their fields, their vineyards, their olive groves, and their houses, also the hundredth part of the money, and of the grain, the new wine, and the oil, that you exact of them.
(See NIV)

Psalms 15:5
he who doesn't lend out his money for usury, nor take a bribe against the innocent. He who does these things shall never be shaken.
(WEB KJV DBY WBS YLT NIV)

Proverbs 28:8
He that by usury and unjust gain increaseth his substance, he shall gather it for him that will pity the poor.
(KJV DBY WBS YLT NAS)

Jeremiah 15:10
Woe is me, my mother, that thou hast borne me a man of strife and a man of contention to the whole earth! I have neither lent on usury, nor men have lent to me on usury; yet every one of them doth curse me.
(KJV DBY WBS YLT)

Ezekiel 18:8
He that hath not given forth upon usury, neither hath taken any increase, that hath withdrawn his hand from iniquity, hath executed true judgment between man and man,
(KJV DBY YLT NIV)

Ezekiel 18:13
Hath given forth upon usury, and hath taken increase: shall he then live? he shall not live: he hath done all these abominations; he shall surely die; his blood shall be upon him.
(KJV DBY YLT NIV)

Ezekiel 18:17
That hath taken off his hand from the poor, that hath not received usury nor increase, hath executed my judgments, hath walked in my statutes; he shall not die for the iniquity of his father, he shall surely live.
(KJV DBY YLT NIV)

Ezekiel 22:12
In thee have they taken gifts to shed blood; thou hast taken usury and increase, and thou hast greedily gained of thy neighbours by extortion, and hast forgotten me, saith the Lord GOD.
(KJV DBY YLT NIV)

Subtopics

Usury

Usury or Interest: Illustrative of the Improvement of Talents Received from God

Usury or Interest: Judgments Denounced Against Those Who Exacted Unlawful

Usury or Interest: The Curse Attending the Giving or Receiving of Unlawful,

Usury or Interest: The Jews: Allowed to Take, from Strangers

Usury or Interest: The Jews: Forbidden to Take, from Brethren

Usury or Interest: The Jews: Forbidden to Take, from Brethren Specially when Poor

Usury or Interest: The Jews: Often Guilty of Taking

Usury or Interest: The Jews: Required to Restore

Usury or Interest: The Lending of Money or Other Property for Increase

Usury or Interest: Those Enriched by Unlawful, not Allowed to Enjoy Their Gain

Usury or Interest: True and Faithful Israelites Never Took, from Their Brethren

Usury: Authorized, of Strangers (Foreigners)

Usury: Exacted by Jews

Usury: Exaction of, Rebuked

Usury: Forbidden

Usury: Just Men Innocent of the Vice of Requiring

Related Terms

Victuals (32 Occurrences)

Usurious (1 Occurrence)

Loan (9 Occurrences)

Lend (21 Occurrences)

Interest (35 Occurrences)

Banking

Debt (48 Occurrences)

Bank (28 Occurrences)

Lender (4 Occurrences)

Extortion (14 Occurrences)

Exacting (5 Occurrences)

Borrower (3 Occurrences)

Borrowed (5 Occurrences)

Contends (6 Occurrences)

Settest (13 Occurrences)

Strives (4 Occurrences)

Debtor (7 Occurrences)

Exact (31 Occurrences)

Goest (79 Occurrences)

Reviling (47 Occurrences)

Whither (151 Occurrences)

Increase (184 Occurrences)

Use (620 Occurrences)

Usurp (1 Occurrence)

Usurer (2 Occurrences)

Us-ward (4 Occurrences)

Overreached (1 Occurrence)

Oughtest (4 Occurrences)

Lent (9 Occurrences)

Gavest (36 Occurrences)

Givest (31 Occurrences)

Increaseth (21 Occurrences)

Freemen (17 Occurrences)

Favouring (4 Occurrences)

Takest (17 Occurrences)

Required (72 Occurrences)

Remonstrated (6 Occurrences)

Exaction (2 Occurrences)

Exchangers (2 Occurrences)

Multiplying (23 Occurrences)

Poverty (25 Occurrences)

Plead (64 Occurrences)

Perversity (23 Occurrences)

Prefects (18 Occurrences)

Poor (276 Occurrences)

Biting (12 Occurrences)

Bribe (27 Occurrences)

Creditor (8 Occurrences)

Covetousness (22 Occurrences)

Contended (24 Occurrences)

Cuttest (5 Occurrences)

Consulted (33 Occurrences)

Stranger (152 Occurrences)

Unjust (44 Occurrences)

Accused (29 Occurrences)

Neighbours (34 Occurrences)

Wherefore (448 Occurrences)

Shaken (62 Occurrences)

Rebuked (39 Occurrences)

Nobles (71 Occurrences)

Charges (58 Occurrences)

Unrighteousness (57 Occurrences)

Strive (64 Occurrences)

Walks (51 Occurrences)

Reigneth (54 Occurrences)

Abominable (52 Occurrences)

Pledge (55 Occurrences)

Innocent (97 Occurrences)

Substance (99 Occurrences)

Corn (107 Occurrences)

Accept (106 Occurrences)

Beside (326 Occurrences)

Gracious (106 Occurrences)

Stop (108 Occurrences)

Gain (142 Occurrences)

Links
Bible ConcordanceBible DictionaryBible EncyclopediaTopical BibleBible Thesuarus


Usurp
Top of Page
Top of Page