Onyx
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Smith's Bible Dictionary
Onyx

(a nail) is the translation of the Hebrew shoham ; but there is some doubt as to its signification. Some writers believe that the "beryl" is intended; but the balance of authority is in favor of some variety of the onyx. ("The onyx is not a transparent stone, but as the color of the flesh appears through the nail (Greek onyx) on the human body, so the reddish mass which is below shines delicately through the whitish surface of the onyx. There are several varieties. White and reddish stripes alternating form the sardonyx; white and reddish gray, the chalcedony. When polished it has a fine lustre, and is easily wrought into a gem of great beauty."-Rosenmiller.

ATS Bible Dictionary
Onyx

A nail, the eleventh stone in the high priest's breastplate, Exodus 28:20. The modern onyx has some resemblance to the agate; and the color of the body of the stone is like that of the human nail; hence its name. The Hebrew word so translated is not known with certainty to signify the onyx; but denoted some valuable stone, Genesis 2:12; Exodus 25:7; 28:9-12,20. A species of marble resembling the onyx was known to the Greeks, and may have been the "onyx-stones" stored up by David for the temple, 1 Chronicles 29:2.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
A hail; claw; hoof, (Hebrews shoham), a precious stone adorning the breast-plate of the high priest and the shoulders of the ephod (Exodus 28:9-12, 20; 35:27; Job 28:16; Ezek. 28:13). It was found in the land of Havilah (Genesis 2:12). The LXX. translates the Hebrew word by smaragdos, an emerald. Some think that the sardonyx is meant. But the onyx differs from the sardonyx in this, that while the latter has two layers (black and white) the former has three (black, white, and red).
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
(n.) Chalcedony in parallel layers of different shades of color. It is used for making cameos, the figure being cut in one layer with the next as a ground.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
ONYX

on'-iks o'-niks.

See STONES, PRECIOUS.

Greek
4557. sardonux -- sardonyx
... sardonyx. From the base of sardios and onux (the nail of a finger; hence the "onyx"
stone); a "sardonyx", ie The gem so called -- sardonyx. see GREEK sardios. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/4557.htm - 6k
Strong's Hebrew
7718. shoham -- (a gem) perhaps an onyx
... 7717, 7718. shoham. 7719 . (a gem) perhaps an onyx. Transliteration:
shoham Phonetic Spelling: (sho'-ham) Short Definition: onyx. ...
/hebrew/7718.htm - 6k

3095. yahalom -- (a precious stone) perhaps jasper or onyx
... 3094, 3095. yahalom. 3096 . (a precious stone) perhaps jasper or onyx.
Transliteration: yahalom Phonetic Spelling: (yah-hal-ome') Short Definition: diamond ...
/hebrew/3095.htm - 6k

Library

Introduction.
... beryl or chalcedony berullion b. beryllus onyx onyx or beryl onuchion a. onychinus
jasper jasper With the mystic jewel-work of the High Priest's breastplate ...
/.../ambrose/works and letters of st ambrose/introduction 4.htm

High Priest
... and a carbuncle; the second, an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond; the third, a
ligure, an agate, and an amethyst, and the fourth, a beryl, an onyx and a ...
/.../conversion of a high priest into a christian worker/chapter iv high priest.htm

Books of the Hebrew Canon.
... Hangings (xxxvi.8"19). Onyx stones (xxxvi.13"14). ... Onyx stones (xxxix.6"7).
Candlestick (xxxviii.13"17). Breastplate (xxxix.8"21). ...
/.../chapter ii books of the.htm

Introduction. Modesty in Apparel Becoming to Women,
... spun trees, and the Tyrians dyed, and the Phrygians embroidered with the needle,
and the Babylonians with the loom, and pearls gleamed, and onyx-stones flashed ...
/.../on the apparel of women/chapter i introduction modesty in apparel.htm

The Power of Little Things.
... hair, and rams' skins dyed red, and badgers' skins, and shittim wood, oil for the
light, spices for anointing oil and for sweet incense, onyx stones, and ...
/.../moody/to the work to the work/chapter vi the power of.htm

Fragment vi. In a Similar Manner Should He Conduct Himself to ...
... Some think they were made of onyx stone, others of variegated glass: but most modern
writers suppose that what is meant was some sort of porcelain. ...
/...//christianbookshelf.org/theonas/epistle of phileas/fragment vi in a similar.htm

On Counter Promises.
... that it is to have a wall composed of many precious stones, as jasper, and sapphire,
and chalcedony, and emerald, and sardonyx, and onyx, and chrysolite, and ...
/.../origen/origen de principiis/chapter xi on counter promises.htm

Trust in God --True Wisdom
... weighted for the price thereof. It cannot be valued with the gold of Ophir,
with the precious onyx, or the sapphire. The gold and the ...
/.../christianbookshelf.org/spurgeon/sermons on proverbs/trust in godtrue wisdom.htm

First Impressions
... choir and the readers. The soleas, or division which marked off the seats
of the clergy, was made of onyx. The tapestries which ...
/.../chapter xx first impressions.htm

The Scriptural Account of Paradise.
... Pison: that is it which compasseth the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold;
and the gold of that land is good, and there is bdellium and the onyx stone. ...
/.../theophilus/theophilus to autolycus/chapter xx the scriptural account of.htm

Thesaurus
Onyx (16 Occurrences)
... But the onyx differs from the sardonyx in this, that while the latter has two layers
(black and white) the former has three (black, white, and red). ...ONYX. ...
/o/onyx.htm - 12k

Onyx-stones (1 Occurrence)
Onyx-stones. Onyx-stone, Onyx-stones. Oozing . Multi-Version
Concordance Onyx-stones (1 Occurrence). 1 Chronicles 29 ...
/o/onyx-stones.htm - 7k

Onyx-stone (1 Occurrence)
Onyx-stone. Onyx, Onyx-stone. Onyx-stones . Multi-Version Concordance
Onyx-stone (1 Occurrence). Genesis 2:12 And the gold of that ...
/o/onyx-stone.htm - 6k

Mounted (32 Occurrences)
... Moses took God's rod in his hand. (See NAS). Exodus 25:7 onyx stones, and stones
to be set for the ephod and for the breastplate. (See NIV). ...
/m/mounted.htm - 15k

Onycha (1 Occurrence)
... 2. (n.) The precious stone called onyx. Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. ONYCHA. ...
The form "onycha" was perhaps chosen to avoid confusion with "onyx," the stone. ...
/o/onycha.htm - 8k

Ouches (8 Occurrences)
... it occurs 8 times, it is clear that the gold settings of the engraved stones forming
the breast-plate of the high priest are intended; the onyx stones forming ...
/o/ouches.htm - 10k

Settings (19 Occurrences)
... Exodus 28:20 and the fourth row a chrysolite, an onyx, and a jasper: they shall
be enclosed in gold in their settings. (WEB JPS ASV DBY YLT NIV). ...
/s/settings.htm - 12k

Ephod (45 Occurrences)
... part of the sacerdotal habit among Jews, being a covering for the back and breast,
held together on the shoulders by two clasps or brooches of onyx stones set ...
/e/ephod.htm - 27k

Jasper (8 Occurrences)
... NIV). Exodus 28:20 and the fourth row a chrysolite, an onyx, and a jasper:
they shall be enclosed in gold in their settings. (WEB ...
/j/jasper.htm - 10k

Gems (5 Occurrences)
... (n.) The chamois. Multi-Version Concordance Gems (5 Occurrences). Exodus 25:7 onyx
stones, and stones to be set for the ephod and for the breastplate. (See NIV) ...
/g/gems.htm - 7k

Concordance
Onyx (16 Occurrences)

Romans 16:18
For those who are such don't serve our Lord, Jesus Christ, but their own belly; and by their smooth and flattering speech, they deceive the hearts of the innocent. things of iron, and wood for the things of wood; onyx stones, and stones
(WEB)

Revelation 21:20
the fifth, sardonyx; the sixth, sardius; the seventh, chrysolite; the eighth, beryl; the ninth, topaz; the tenth, chrysoprasus; the eleventh, jacinth; and the twelfth, amethyst.
(Root in WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Genesis 2:12
and the gold of that land is good. There is aromatic resin and the onyx stone.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)

Exodus 25:7
onyx stones, and stones to be set for the ephod and for the breastplate.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)

Exodus 28:9
You shall take two onyx stones, and engrave on them the names of the children of Israel:
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)

Exodus 28:18
The second, a ruby, a sapphire, and an onyx;
(BBE)

Exodus 28:20
and the fourth row a chrysolite, an onyx, and a jasper: they shall be enclosed in gold in their settings.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Exodus 35:9
onyx stones, and stones to be set for the ephod and for the breastplate.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)

Exodus 35:27
The rulers brought the onyx stones, and the stones to be set, for the ephod and for the breastplate;
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)

Exodus 39:6
They worked the onyx stones, enclosed in settings of gold, engraved with the engravings of a signet, according to the names of the children of Israel.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)

Exodus 39:11
In the second, a ruby, a sapphire, and an onyx;
(BBE)

Exodus 39:13
and the fourth row, a chrysolite, an onyx, and a jasper. They were enclosed in gold settings.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Chronicles 29:2
Now I have prepared with all my might for the house of my God the gold for things to be made of gold, and the silver for things of silver, and the brass for things of brass, the iron for things of iron, and wood for things of wood; onyx stones, and stones to be set, glistering stones, and of divers colors, and all manner of precious stones, and marble stones in abundance.
(KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)

Esther 1:6
There were hangings of white cloth , of green, and of blue, fastened with cords of fine linen and purple to silver rings and pillars of marble: the couches were of gold and silver, upon a pavement of red, and white, and yellow, and black marble.
(See JPS)

Job 28:16
It can't be valued with the gold of Ophir, with the precious onyx, or the sapphire.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Ezekiel 28:13
You were in Eden, the garden of God; every precious stone adorned you: ruby, topaz, emerald, chrysolite, onyx, jasper, sapphire, turquoise, and beryl. Gold work of tambourines and of pipes was in you. In the day that you were created they were prepared.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Subtopics

Onyx

Onyx used in Erecting the Temple

Onyx used in the Breastplate

Onyx: Contributed by Israelites for the Priests' Garments

Onyx: Exported from Havilah

Onyx: Precious Stone

Onyx: Seen in the Foundations of the City of the New Jerusalem in John's Apocalyptic Vision

Related Terms

Onyx-stones (1 Occurrence)

Onyx-stone (1 Occurrence)

Mounted (32 Occurrences)

Onycha (1 Occurrence)

Ouches (8 Occurrences)

Settings (19 Occurrences)

Ephod (45 Occurrences)

Jasper (8 Occurrences)

Gems (5 Occurrences)

Inclosed (12 Occurrences)

Filigree (9 Occurrences)

Ruby (5 Occurrences)

Enclosed (16 Occurrences)

Breastpiece (21 Occurrences)

Breast-plate (22 Occurrences)

Beryl (12 Occurrences)

Chrysolite (10 Occurrences)

Breastplate (45 Occurrences)

Inclosings (2 Occurrences)

Row (26 Occurrences)

Engravings (11 Occurrences)

Embroidered (26 Occurrences)

Enclosures (10 Occurrences)

Bdellium (2 Occurrences)

Sapphire (11 Occurrences)

Sardonyx (1 Occurrence)

Havilah (7 Occurrences)

Stones (244 Occurrences)

Fourth (87 Occurrences)

Nebuchadnezzar (90 Occurrences)

Naive (16 Occurrences)

Oozing (1 Occurrence)

Jaspar (1 Occurrence)

Lapis (3 Occurrences)

Lazuli (3 Occurrences)

Graven (61 Occurrences)

Glittering (12 Occurrences)

Glistering (3 Occurrences)

Flattering (11 Occurrences)

Fittings (2 Occurrences)

Turquoise (5 Occurrences)

Tambours (8 Occurrences)

Topaz (7 Occurrences)

Tambourines (13 Occurrences)

Tabrets (6 Occurrences)

Ruler (329 Occurrences)

Resin (4 Occurrences)

Engraved (62 Occurrences)

Emerald (8 Occurrences)

Engrave (8 Occurrences)

Diamond (5 Occurrences)

Deceive (48 Occurrences)

Mountings (1 Occurrence)

Pipes (9 Occurrences)

Pison (1 Occurrence)

Pishon (1 Occurrence)

Belly (62 Occurrences)

Carbuncle (6 Occurrences)

Carnelian (5 Occurrences)

Coral (3 Occurrences)

Adorned (20 Occurrences)

Aromatic (6 Occurrences)

Sardius (5 Occurrences)

Shoulder-piece

Smaragd (3 Occurrences)

Signets (4 Occurrences)

Signet (21 Occurrences)

Shoulderpiece

Shoham (7 Occurrences)

Sapphires (5 Occurrences)

Smooth (39 Occurrences)

Innocent (97 Occurrences)

Speech (107 Occurrences)

Valued (27 Occurrences)

Iron (104 Occurrences)

Precious (128 Occurrences)

Principal (28 Occurrences)

Leaders (167 Occurrences)

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