Carbuncle
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Smith's Bible Dictionary
Carbuncle

This word represents two Hebrew words. The first may he a general term to denote any bright,sparkling gem , (Isaiah 54:12) the second, (Exodus 28:17; 39:10; Ezekiel 28:13) is supposed to be and smaragdus or emerald.

ATS Bible Dictionary
Carbuncle

A precious stone, like a large ruby or garnet, of a dark, deep red color, said to glitter even in the dark, and to sparkle more than the ruby. The word is put to represent two different Hebrew words, one of which, Exodus 28:17; Ezekiel 28:13, is commonly thought to mean the emerald; and the other, Isaiah 54:12, may mean a brilliant species of ruby.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
(Exodus 28:17; 39:10; Ezek. 28:13). Hebrews barkath; LXX. smaragdos; Vulgate, smaragdus; Revised Version, marg., "emerald." The Hebrew word is from a root meaning "to glitter," "lighten," "flash." When held up to the sun, this gem shines like a burning coal, a dark-red glowing coal, and hence is called "carbunculus", i.e., a little coal. It was one of the jewels in the first row of the high priest's breastplate. It has been conjectured by some that the garnet is meant. In Isaiah 54:12 the Hebrew word is 'ekdah, used in the prophetic description of the glory and beauty of the mansions above. Next to the diamond it is the hardest and most costly of all precious stones.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) A beautiful gem of a deep red color (with a mixture of scarlet) called by the Greeks anthrax; found in the East Indies. When held up to the sun, it loses its deep tinge, and becomes of the color of burning coal. The name belongs for the most part to ruby sapphire, though it has been also given to red spinel and garnet.

2. (n.) A very painful acute local inflammation of the subcutaneous tissue, esp. of the trunk or back of the neck, characterized by brawny hardness of the affected parts, sloughing of the skin and deeper tissues, and marked constitutional depression. It differs from a boil in size, tendency to spread, and the absence of a central core, and is frequently fatal. It is also called anthrax.

3. (n.) A charge or bearing supposed to represent the precious stone. It has eight scepters or staves radiating from a common center. Called also escarbuncle.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
CARBUNCLE

kar'-bun-k'-l.

See STONES, PRECIOUS.

Strong's Hebrew
688. eqdach -- a fiery glow, sparkle
... carbuncle. From qiddah; burning, ie A carbuncle or other fiery gem -- carbuncle.
see HEBREW qiddah. 687, 688. eqdach. 689 . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/688.htm - 6k

1304. bareqeth -- an emerald
... 1303, 1304. bareqeth. 1304a . an emerald. Transliteration: bareqeth Phonetic
Spelling: (baw-reh'-keth) Short Definition: carbuncle. carbuncle ...
/hebrew/1304.htm - 5k

68. eben -- a stone
... From the root of banah through the meaning to build; a stone -- + carbuncle, + mason, +
plummet, (chalk-, hail-, head-, sling-)stone(-ny), (divers) weight(-s). ...
/hebrew/68.htm - 6k

Library

Introduction.
... carbuncle carbuncle or emerald ii. anthrax ii. ... emerald or carbuncle sappheiros sapphirus
sapphire sapphire iaspis jaspis diamond diamond or sardonyx iii. ...
/.../ambrose/works and letters of st ambrose/introduction 4.htm

The Misfortunes which Happened in Connection with These Things, in ...
... addition to this a pestilence, and another severe disease consisting of an ulcer,
which on account of its fiery appearance was appropriately called a carbuncle ...
/.../pamphilius/church history/chapter viii the misfortunes which happened.htm

How those are to be Admonished who have had Experience of the Sins ...
... For who, considering the very outward appearance of things, can be ignorant that
in the nature of gems the carbuncle is preferred to the jacinth? ...
/.../leo/writings of leo the great/chapter xxviii how those are.htm

How Ptolemy Philadelphus Procured the Laws of the Jews to be ...
... but upon the table itself they engraved a meander, inserting into it very valuable
stones in the middle like stars, of various colors; the carbuncle and the ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/chapter 2 how ptolemy philadelphus.htm

Genesis.
... Swells, and with hoarse tide wears [1262] conspicuous gems,. This prasinus, [1263]
that glowing carbuncle, [1264]. By name; and raves, transparent in its shoals ...
/.../unknown/fathers of the third century tertullian appendix/3 genesis.htm

A Pressed Man Yielding to Christ
... benediction. Faith is that window of agate and gate of carbuncle by which the
divine light of Jesu's love comes streaming into the soul. ...
/.../spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 46 1900/a pressed man yielding to.htm

The Promises Addressed to Jerusalem in the Prophets Refer to the ...
... The prophecies of Isaiah which we mentioned are the following: [5131] "Behold I
prepare for thy stone carbuncle and for thy foundation sapphire; and I will ...
/.../origens commentary on the gospel of john/26 the promises addressed to.htm

Another Cavil Met, IE , the Devil who Instigated Man to Sin ...
... stone was thy covering, the sardius, the topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the
onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle; and with ...
/.../tertullian/the five books against marcion/chapter x another cavil met i e.htm

The Knowledge Both of Language and Things is Helpful for the ...
... And so in regard to minerals and plants: knowledge of the carbuncle, for instance,
which shines in the dark, throws light upon many of the dark places in books ...
/.../on christian doctrine in four books /chapter 16 the knowledge both of.htm

Ignorance of Things, Too, Renders Figurative Expressions Obscure.. ...
... And so in regard to minerals and plants: knowledge of the carbuncle, for instance,
which shines in the dark, throws light upon many of the dark places in books ...
/.../on christian doctrine in four books/chapter 24 ignorance of things.htm

Thesaurus
Carbuncle (6 Occurrences)
... Called also escarbuncle. Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. CARBUNCLE. kar'-bun-k'-
l. See STONES, PRECIOUS. Multi-Version Concordance Carbuncle (6 Occurrences). ...
/c/carbuncle.htm - 10k

Sardius (5 Occurrences)
... Exodus 28:17 And thou shalt set in it settings of stones, even four rows of stones:
the first row shall be a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle: this shall be ...
/s/sardius.htm - 8k

Smaragd (3 Occurrences)
... Exodus 28:17 And thou shalt set in it settings of stones, four rows of stones: a
row of sardius, topaz, and carbuncle shall be the first row; (See JPS). ...
/s/smaragd.htm - 7k

Carnelian (5 Occurrences)
... Exodus 28:17 And thou shalt set in it settings of stones, four rows of stones: a
row of sardius, topaz, and carbuncle shall be the first row; (See JPS). ...
/c/carnelian.htm - 8k

Precious (128 Occurrences)
... Anthrax (anthrax): in Tobit 13:17; Ecclesiasticus 32:5, English Versions of the
Bible translates "carbuncle." According to the Septuagint, anthrax was also a ...
/p/precious.htm - 71k

Stones (244 Occurrences)
... Anthrax (anthrax): in Tobit 13:17; Ecclesiasticus 32:5, English Versions of the
Bible translates "carbuncle." According to the Septuagint, anthrax was also a ...
/s/stones.htm - 74k

Issachar (40 Occurrences)
... 2:5), this group forming the van of the host (Numbers 10:14 f). The rabbis say that
this standard was of 3 colors, sardine, topaz and carbuncle, on which were ...
/i/issachar.htm - 26k

Tambours (8 Occurrences)
... Every precious stone was thy covering: the sardius, the topaz, and the diamond,
the chrysolite, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the carbuncle, and the ...
/t/tambours.htm - 9k

Tabrets (6 Occurrences)
... stone was thy covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx,
and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the ...
/t/tabrets.htm - 8k

Ruby (5 Occurrences)
... red tint. 3. (n.) That which has the color of the ruby, as red wine. Hence,
a red blain or carbuncle. 4. (n.) See Agate, n., 2. 5 ...
/r/ruby.htm - 9k

Concordance
Carbuncle (6 Occurrences)

Exodus 28:17
And thou shalt set in it settings of stones, even four rows of stones: the first row shall be a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle: this shall be the first row.
(KJV ASV WBS YLT RSV)

Exodus 28:18
and the second row, a carbuncle, a sapphire, and a diamond;
(DBY JPS)

Exodus 39:10
And they set in it four rows of stones: the first row was a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle: this was the first row.
(KJV ASV WBS YLT RSV)

Exodus 39:11
and the second row, a carbuncle, a sapphire, and a diamond;
(DBY JPS)

Isaiah 54:12
And I will make thy windows of agates, and thy gates of carbuncles, and all thy borders of pleasant stones.
(Root in KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV)

Ezekiel 28:13
Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God; every precious stone was thy covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was prepared in thee in the day that thou wast created.
(KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV)

Subtopics

Carbuncle

Carbuncle: A Precious Stone

Carbuncle: One of the Precious Stones Set in Breastplate

Related Terms

Sardius (5 Occurrences)

Smaragd (3 Occurrences)

Carnelian (5 Occurrences)

Precious (128 Occurrences)

Stones (244 Occurrences)

Issachar (40 Occurrences)

Tambours (8 Occurrences)

Tabrets (6 Occurrences)

Ruby (5 Occurrences)

Emerald (8 Occurrences)

Diamond (5 Occurrences)

Boil (29 Occurrences)

Carbuncles (2 Occurrences)

Caraway (2 Occurrences)

Settings (19 Occurrences)

Store-houses (32 Occurrences)

Produced (39 Occurrences)

Sockets (44 Occurrences)

Fill (126 Occurrences)

Wast (84 Occurrences)

Chalcedony (1 Occurrence)

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