Longsuffering
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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
LONGSUFFERING

long-suf'-er-ing ('erekh 'appayim; makrothumia): The words 'erekh 'appayim, translated longsuffering, mean literally, "long of nose" (or "breathing"), and, as anger was indicated by rapid, violent breathing through the nostrils, "long of anger," or "slow to wrath." The adjective is applied to God (Exodus 34:6 the King James Version, in the name of Yahweh as proclaimed to Moses; Numbers 14:18 the King James Version; Psalm 86:15 the King James Version; the Revised Version (British and American) "slow to anger," which is also the translation in other places; the King James Version and the Revised Version (British and American) Nehemiah 9:17 Psalm 103:8; Psalm 145:8 Proverbs 15:18; Proverbs 16:32 Joel 2:13 Jonah 4:2; Nahum 1:3); it is associated with "great kindness" and "plenteous in mercy." The substantive occurs in Jeremiah 15:15: "Take me not away in thy longsuffering." In Ecclesiastes 7:8, we have 'erekh ruach, the King James Version and the Revised Version (British and American) "patient in spirit."

The word in the New Testament rendered "longsuffering," makrothumia (once makrothumeo, "to be longsuffering"), which is the rendering of 'erekh 'appayim in the Septuagint, is literally, "long of mind or soul" (regarded as the seat of the emotions), opposed to shortness of mind or soul, irascibility, impatience, intolerance. It is attributed to God (Romans 2:4; Romans 9:22 2 Peter 3:9), of His bearing long with sinners and slowness to execute judgment on them. It is, therefore, one of "the fruits of the Spirit" in man (Galatians 5:22) which Christians are frequently exhorted to cherish and show one toward the other (Ephesians 4:2 Colossians 1:11; Colossians 3:12, etc.); it belongs, Paul says, to the love, without which all else is nothing: "Love suffereth long (makrothumei), and is kind" (1 Corinthians 13:4); The verb makrothumeo is sometimes translated by "patience" (Matthew 18:26, 29, "Have patience with me"). Luke 18:7 has been variously rendered; the King James Version has "And shall not God avenge his own elect.... though he bear long with them"; the Revised Version (British and American) "and yet he is longsuffering over them," the American Revised Version margin "and is he slow to punish on their behalf?" Weymouth (New Testament in Modern Speech) has "although he seems slow in taking action on their behalf," which most probably gives the sense of the passage; in James 5:7, 8 the verb occurs thrice, the King James Version "be patient," "hath long patience"; the Revised Version (British and American) also translates by "patient"; this, however, as in Matthew 18:26, 29, seems to lose the full force of the Greek word. According to Trench (Synonyms of the New Testament, 189), the difference between hupomone ("patience") and makrothumia is that the latter word expresses patience in respect to persons, and the former in respect to things; hence, hupomone is never ascribed to God; where He is called "the God of patience," it is as He gives it to His servants and saints. But in James 5:7 it is used with reference to things, and in Colossians 1:11 it is associated with patience (compare Hebrews 6:12, 15), suggesting patient endurance of trials and sufferings. In Colossians 1:11 it is also associated with "joy," indicating that it is not a mere submissiveness, but a joyful acceptance of the will of God, whatever it may be. In The Wisdom of Solomon 15:1; Ecclesiasticus 5:4, we have "longsuffering" (makrothumos) ascribed to God; also in Ecclesiasticus 2:11, the Revised Version (British and American) "mercy."

W. L. Walker

Greek
3115. makrothumia -- patience, long-suffering
... Transliteration: makrothumia Phonetic Spelling: (mak-roth-oo-mee'-ah) Short Definition:
patience, forbearance Definition: patience, forbearance, longsuffering. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/3115.htm - 8k

3114. makrothumeo -- to persevere, to be patient
... 3114 ("showing divinely-directed patience") is "longsuffering" because it only
expresses anger (ie is the opposite of being "quick-tempered"). See 3115 (). ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/3114.htm - 7k

3116. makrothumos -- with forbearance, patiently
... Part of Speech: Adverb Transliteration: makrothumos Phonetic Spelling:
(mak-roth-oo-moce') Short Definition: patiently Definition: with longsuffering, ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/3116.htm - 7k

Strong's Hebrew
639. aph -- a nostril, nose, face, anger
... wrath with his anger (1). angry, before, countenance, face, forbearing,
forehead, longsuffering, nose,. From 'anaph; properly, the ...
/hebrew/639.htm - 6k

750. arek -- long
... Word Origin from arak Definition long NASB Word Usage long (1), patience (2), slow
(10), who is slow (2). longsuffering patient, slow to anger. ...
/hebrew/750.htm - 6k

Library

Whether Patience is the Same as Longanimity? [*Longsuffering. It ...
... OF PATIENCE (FIVE ARTICLES) Whether patience is the same as longanimity?
[*Longsuffering. It is necessary to preserve the Latin ...
/.../aquinas/summa theologica/whether patience is the same.htm

2 Timothy iii. 16, 17
... Ver.2. "Preach the word: be instant in season, out of season; reprove,
rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine.". What ...
/.../homily ix 2 timothy iii.htm

October 9 Morning
... The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is
longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all ...
/.../anonymous/daily light on the daily path/october 9 morning.htm

1 Timothy i. 15, 16
... Howbeit for this cause I obtained mercy, that in me first Jesus Christ might show
forth all longsuffering, for a pattern to them which should hereafter believe ...
/.../homily iv 1 timothy i.htm

Colossians i. 9, 10
... "Strengthened": this to trials. "Unto all patience and longsuffering":
long-suffering towards one another, patience towards those without. ...
/.../homily ii colossians i 9.htm

Parable of the Importunate Widow.
... widow and the beloved elect.3. In the petition"the frequent visits of the one, and
the continual cries of the many], and yet he is longsuffering over them? ...
/.../mcgarvey/the four-fold gospel/xcvi parable of the importunate.htm

April 30 Evening
... The Lord passed by before him, and proclaimed, The Lord, The Lord God, merciful
and gracious, longsuffering."The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as ...
/.../anonymous/daily light on the daily path/april 30 evening.htm

June 1 Morning
... JUNE 1 MORNING. The fruit of the Spirit is longsuffering, gentleness."GAL.5:22.
The Lord, the Lord God, merciful and gracious, longsuffering ...
/.../anonymous/daily light on the daily path/june 1 morning.htm

Knowledge and Obedience.
... "Strengthened with all might, according to His glorious power, unto all patience
and longsuffering with joyfulness." The Apostle's thought pours itself out in ...
/.../thomas/the prayers of st paul/v knowledge and obedience.htm

Fifth Sunday after Epiphany
... 12 Put on therefore, as God's elect, holy and beloved, a heart of compassion, kindness,
lowliness, meekness, longsuffering; 13 forbearing one another, and ...
/.../luther/epistle sermons vol ii/fifth sunday after epiphany.htm

Thesaurus
Longsuffering (17 Occurrences)
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia LONGSUFFERING. long-suf'-er-ing ('erekh
'appayim; makrothumia): The words 'erekh 'appayim, translated ...
/l/longsuffering.htm - 16k

Patience (59 Occurrences)
... makrothumia is translated "patience" (Hebrews 6:12 James 5:10); makrothumeo, "to
bear long" (Matthew 18:26, 29 James 5:7; See LONGSUFFERING); the same verb is ...
/p/patience.htm - 27k

Wait (223 Occurrences)
... (1 Corinthians 9:13 the King James Version). (2) The simple verb is used to describe
the longsuffering and patience of God toward His willful people: "And ...
/w/wait.htm - 41k

Meekness (14 Occurrences)
... (KJV WEY DBY WBS YLT). Ephesians 4:2 With all lowliness and meekness, with
longsuffering, forbearing one another in love; (KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV). ...
/m/meekness.htm - 16k

Long-suffering (23 Occurrences)
Long-suffering. Longsuffering, Long-suffering. Longwinged . Noah Webster's
Dictionary ... (See JPS). Longsuffering, Long-suffering. Longwinged . Reference
/l/long-suffering.htm - 13k

Suffering (104 Occurrences)
... Romans 9:22 What if God, willing to shew his wrath, and to make his power known,
endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction ...
/s/suffering.htm - 40k

Shew (226 Occurrences)
... Romans 9:22 What if God, willing to shew his wrath, and to make his power known,
endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction ...
/s/shew.htm - 39k

You-ward (9 Occurrences)
... 2 Peter 3:9 The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some count slackness;
but is longsuffering to you-ward, not wishing that any should perish, but ...
/y/you-ward.htm - 9k

Unfeigned (5 Occurrences)
... 2 Corinthians 6:6 By pureness, by knowledge, by longsuffering, by kindness,
by the Holy Ghost, by love unfeigned, (KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT). ...
/u/unfeigned.htm - 8k

Us-ward (4 Occurrences)
... 2 Peter 3:9 The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness;
but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but ...
/u/us-ward.htm - 7k

Concordance
Longsuffering (17 Occurrences)

Luke 18:7
And shall not God avenge his elect, that cry to him day and night, and 'yet' he is longsuffering over them?
(ASV)

Romans 2:4
Or despisest thou the riches of his goodness and forbearance and longsuffering; not knowing that the goodness of God leadeth thee to repentance?
(KJV ASV)

Romans 9:22
What if God, willing to shew his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction:
(KJV ASV)

2 Corinthians 6:6
By pureness, by knowledge, by longsuffering, by kindness, by the Holy Ghost, by love unfeigned,
(KJV DBY)

Galatians 5:22
But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith,
(KJV ASV)

Ephesians 4:2
With all lowliness and meekness, with longsuffering, forbearing one another in love;
(KJV ASV)

Colossians 1:11
Strengthened with all might, according to his glorious power, unto all patience and longsuffering with joyfulness;
(KJV ASV DBY)

Colossians 3:12
Put on therefore, as the elect of God, holy and beloved, bowels of mercies, kindness, humbleness of mind, meekness, longsuffering;
(KJV ASV DBY)

1 Thessalonians 5:14
And we exhort you, brethren, admonish the disorderly, encourage the fainthearted, support the weak, be longsuffering toward all.
(ASV)

1 Timothy 1:16
Howbeit for this cause I obtained mercy, that in me first Jesus Christ might shew forth all longsuffering, for a pattern to them which should hereafter believe on him to life everlasting.
(KJV ASV)

2 Timothy 3:10
But thou hast fully known my doctrine, manner of life, purpose, faith, longsuffering, charity, patience,
(KJV ASV DBY)

2 Timothy 4:2
Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine.
(KJV ASV DBY)

1 Peter 3:20
Which sometime were disobedient, when once the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing, wherein few, that is, eight souls were saved by water.
(KJV WEY ASV DBY)

2 Peter 3:9
The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance.
(KJV ASV DBY)

2 Peter 3:15
And account that the longsuffering of our Lord is salvation; even as our beloved brother Paul also according to the wisdom given unto him hath written unto you;
(KJV ASV DBY)

Psalms 86:15
But thou, O Lord, art a God full of compassion, and gracious, longsuffering, and plenteous in mercy and truth.
(KJV)

Jeremiah 15:15
Yahweh, you know; remember me, and visit me, and avenge me of my persecutors; don't take me away in your longsuffering: know that for your sake I have suffered reproach.
(WEB KJV ASV)

Subtopics

Longsuffering

Longsuffering: General Scriptures Concerning

Related Terms

Patience (59 Occurrences)

Wait (223 Occurrences)

Meekness (14 Occurrences)

Long-suffering (23 Occurrences)

Suffering (104 Occurrences)

Shew (226 Occurrences)

You-ward (9 Occurrences)

Unfeigned (5 Occurrences)

Us-ward (4 Occurrences)

Joyfulness (3 Occurrences)

Leadeth (42 Occurrences)

Long-sleeved (2 Occurrences)

Gentleness (17 Occurrences)

Wink (2 Occurrences)

Instant (19 Occurrences)

Fitted (13 Occurrences)

Forbear (24 Occurrences)

Forbearance (9 Occurrences)

Forbearing (10 Occurrences)

Thereafter (8 Occurrences)

Thoroughly (48 Occurrences)

Taunts (11 Occurrences)

Revenge (13 Occurrences)

Endurance (31 Occurrences)

Ensample (7 Occurrences)

Despisest (3 Occurrences)

Mercies (62 Occurrences)

Prison (131 Occurrences)

Plenteous (16 Occurrences)

Persecutors (14 Occurrences)

Preparing (25 Occurrences)

Borne (172 Occurrences)

Bowels (40 Occurrences)

Convict (12 Occurrences)

Acquainted (21 Occurrences)

Aforetime (19 Occurrences)

Safely (83 Occurrences)

Slack (19 Occurrences)

Sometime (5 Occurrences)

Spirits (129 Occurrences)

Slackness (3 Occurrences)

Delay (47 Occurrences)

Heretofore (25 Occurrences)

Pattern (28 Occurrences)

Bear (425 Occurrences)

Glorious (91 Occurrences)

Elect (32 Occurrences)

Count (85 Occurrences)

Judges (117 Occurrences)

Wherein (208 Occurrences)

Avenge (27 Occurrences)

Hereafter (23 Occurrences)

During (182 Occurrences)

Charity (29 Occurrences)

Doctrine (52 Occurrences)

Waiting (274 Occurrences)

Willing (152 Occurrences)

Fully (153 Occurrences)

Obey (219 Occurrences)

Persons (156 Occurrences)

Rebuke (77 Occurrences)

Endure (90 Occurrences)

Visit (97 Occurrences)

Suffered (88 Occurrences)

Building (249 Occurrences)

Humbleness (1 Occurrence)

Ghost (123 Occurrences)

Reproach (124 Occurrences)

Compassion (145 Occurrences)

Howbeit (103 Occurrences)

Faithfulness (91 Occurrences)

Pastoral

Everlasting (192 Occurrences)

Anem (1 Occurrence)

Ark (212 Occurrences)

View (86 Occurrences)

Epistles (2 Occurrences)

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