Bridle
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Easton's Bible Dictionary
Three Hebrew words are thus rendered in the Authorized Version.

(1.) Hebrews mahsom' signifies a muzzle or halter or bridle, by which the rider governs his horse (Psalm 39:1).

(2.) Me'theg, rendered also "bit" in Psalm 32:9, which is its proper meaning. Found in 2 Kings 19:28, where the restraints of God's providence are metaphorically styled his "bridle" and "hook." God's placing a "bridle in the jaws of the people" (Isaiah 30:28; 37:29) signifies his preventing the Assyrians from carrying out their purpose against Jerusalem.

(3.) Another word, re'sen, was employed to represent a halter or bridle-rein, as used Psalm 32:9; Isaiah 30:28. In Job 30:11 the restraints of law and humanity are called a bridle.

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) The head gear with which a horse is controlled, consisting of a headstall, a bit, and reins, with other appendages.

2. (n.) A restraint; a curb; a check.

3. (n.) The piece in the interior of a gun lock, which holds in place the tumbler, sear, etc.

4. (n.) A span of rope, line, or chain made fast as both ends, so that another rope, line, or chain may be attached to its middle.

5. (n.) A mooring hawser.

6. (v. t.) To put a bridle upon; to equip with a bridle; as, to bridle a horse.

7. (v. t.) To restrain, guide, or govern, with, or as with, a bridle; to check, curb, or control; as, to bridle the passions; to bridle a muse.

8. (v. i.) To hold up the head, and draw in the chin, as an expression of pride, scorn, or resentment; to assume a lofty manner; -- usually with up.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
BIT AND BRIDLE

bri'-d'-l (methegh wa-recen): The two words occur in conjunction (Psalm 32:9 the King James Version, "Be ye not as the horse, or as the mule, which have no understanding; whose mouth must be held in with bit and bridle, lest they come near unto thee"; the Revised Version (British and American)) "else they will not come near unto thee," margin, "that they come not near." Methegh, translated "bit" above, is properly a bridle or halter in which the bit was a loop passed round the under jaw of the animal; recen has a similar meaning. The counsel in the verse is that men should render a willing obedience to God and not be like the animals that man has to bridle and curb in order to get them to do his will. Compare James 3:3, where we have "bit" as translation of chalinos, "a bit" or "curb," "We put bits (the Revised Version (British and American) "bridles") in the horses' mouths that they may obey us." "Bridle" occurs separately as translation of methegh (2 Samuel 8:1), "David took Metheg-ammah," King James Version margin "the bridle of Ammah," the Revised Version (British and American) "the bridle of the mother city," margin, as the King James Version; the meaning may be that he took the control or dominion of it; "I will put. my bridle in thy lips" (2 Kings 19:28 Isaiah 37:29); "a bridle for the ass" (Proverbs 26:3); of recen (Job 30:11), "They have also let loose the bridle before me," the Revised Version (British and American) "and they have cast off the bridle before me" (acted in an unbridled (unrestrained) manner); Job 41:13, said of "leviathan" (the Revised Version (British and American) "the hippopotamus"), "Who can come to him his double bridle?" the American Standard Revised Version "within his jaws?" the English Revised Version "within his double bridle," others, "into the double row of his teeth"; Isaiah 30:28, "a bridle in the jaws of the people causing them to err," the Revised Version (British and American) "a bridle that causeth to err"; of machcom, which means "a muzzle" (Psalm 39:1), "I will keep my mouth with a bridle," King James Version margins "Hebrew, a bridle, or muzzle for my mouth"; so the Revised Version, margin.

To "bridle" occurs (James 1:26, "bridleth not his tongue"; James 3:2 "able to bridle the whole body"; chalinagogeo, "to lead" or "guide with a bit"). In 1 Esdras 3:6, and 2 Maccabees 10:29, we have "bridles of gold" (chrusochalinos).

W. L. Walker

BRIDLE

bri'-d'-l.

See BIT AND BRIDLE.

Greek
5468. chalinagogeo -- to lead with a bridle
... to lead with a bridle. Part of Speech: Verb Transliteration: chalinagogeo Phonetic
Spelling: (khal-in-ag-ogue-eh'-o) Short Definition: I bridle, curb Definition ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/5468.htm - 6k

5469. chalinos -- a bridle
... a bridle. Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration: chalinos Phonetic Spelling:
(khal-ee-nos') Short Definition: a bridle Definition: a bridle, bit. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/5469.htm - 6k

Strong's Hebrew
4964. metheg -- a bridle
... 4963, 4964. metheg. 4965 . a bridle. Transliteration: metheg Phonetic
Spelling: (meh-theg) Short Definition: bridle. Word Origin ...
/hebrew/4964.htm - 5k

7448. resen -- a halter, jaw
... 7447b, 7448. resen. 7449 . a halter, jaw. Transliteration: resen Phonetic
Spelling: (reh'-sen) Short Definition: bridle. ... bridle. ...
/hebrew/7448.htm - 5k

4269. machsom -- a muzzle
... Word Origin from chasam Definition a muzzle NASB Word Usage muzzle (1). bridle.
From chacam; a muzzle -- bridle. see HEBREW chacam. 4268, 4269. machsom. 4270 ...
/hebrew/4269.htm - 6k

Library

Bit and Bridle: How to Escape Them
... Bit and Bridle: How to Escape Them. A Sermon (No.2190). Delivered on
Lord's-day Morning, February 15th, 1891, by. CH SPURGEON,. At [8 ...
/.../spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 37 1891/bit and bridle how to.htm

That it is Now Necessary, as it was not Before Man Sinned, to ...
... Book XIV. Chapter 19."That It is Now Necessary, as It Was Not Before Man Sinned,
to Bridle Anger and Lust by the Restraining Influence of Wisdom. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/augustine/city of god/chapter 19 that it is now.htm

Diamond Said Nothing to his Mother About his Adventures. ...
... Then the coachman took his foot out of the stirrup, left his hold of the mane and
bridle, came across to his boy, lifted him up, and setting him on the horse's ...
/.../macdonald/at the back of the north wind/chapter 5 diamond said nothing.htm

To Monna Giovanna and Her Other Daughters in Siena
... with which this letter opens, Catherine turns with transition as fine as sudden
to the splendid figure of the holy soul as a horse without bridle, running most ...
/.../benincasa/letters of catherine benincasa/to monna giovanna and her.htm

Psalm XXXIX.
... Therefore, "I said, I will take heed to my ways, that I sin not with my
tongue. I keep my mouth with a bridle." Wherefore is this? ...
/.../augustine/exposition on the book of psalms/psalm xxxix.htm

The Further Adventures of Saint George.
... the famed river Nile, De Fistycuff, weary with the heat, sat himself down on what
he took to be the trunk of a large tree, fastening the bridle of his steed to ...
/.../the seven champions of christendom/chapter four the further adventures.htm

The Preface
... This is intimated by St. James, If any man offend not in word, the same is a
perfect man, and able also to bridle the whole body, Jam.3.2. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/allestree/the government of the tongue/the preface.htm

Sunday-School Hymns.
... as follows: Bridle of untaught foals, Wing of unwandering birds, Helm and
Girdle of babes, Shepherd of royal lambs! Assemble Thy ...
/.../brown/the story of the hymns and tunes/chapter viii sunday-school hymns.htm

The Young Titus
... Then a light click of a hoof attracted their attention to the bridle-path immediately
under the overhanging battlements. There a solitary horseman rode. ...
/.../miller/the city of delight/chapter ix the young titus.htm

If the Head had not Been Right, --Haply the Members had Murmured ...
... meted and weighed"are his words and his actions!"Take heed how even his steps"keep
the measure of peace!"With all his might he holds the bridle of all ...
/.../ephraim/hymns and homilies of ephraim the syrian/hymn xv if the head.htm

Thesaurus
Bridle (12 Occurrences)
... Authorized Version. (1.) Hebrews mahsom' signifies a muzzle or halter or bridle,
by which the rider governs his horse (Psalm 39:1). (2 ...
/b/bridle.htm - 15k

Bit (46 Occurrences)
... The Hebrew word (metheg) so rendered in Psalm 32:9 is elsewhere translated "bridle"
(2 Kings 19:28; Proverbs 26:3; Isaiah 37:29). ... BIT AND BRIDLE. ...
/b/bit.htm - 24k

Metheg-ammah (1 Occurrence)
...Bridle of the mother, a figurative name for a chief city, as in 2 Samuel 8:1, "David
took Metheg-ammah out of the hand of the Philistines" (RV, "took the ...
/m/metheg-ammah.htm - 8k

Methegammah (1 Occurrence)
...Bridle of the mother, a figurative name for a chief city, as in 2 Samuel 8:1, "David
took Metheg-ammah out of the hand of the Philistines" (RV, "took the ...
/m/methegammah.htm - 8k

Jaw (6 Occurrences)
... Septuagint reads "God shall break," etc. (Compare Edmund Prys's Metrical
Paraphrase of the Psalms, in the place cited.) "A bridle. ...
/j/jaw.htm - 11k

Jawbone (3 Occurrences)
... Septuagint reads "God shall break," etc. (Compare Edmund Prys's Metrical
Paraphrase of the Psalms, in the place cited.) "A bridle. ...
/j/jawbone.htm - 10k

Insolence (11 Occurrences)
... Kings 19:28 Because of thy raging against Me, and for that thy tumult is come up
into Mine ears, therefore will I put My hook in thy nose, and My bridle in thy ...
/i/insolence.htm - 10k

Teeth (50 Occurrences)
... Septuagint reads "God shall break," etc. (Compare Edmund Prys's Metrical
Paraphrase of the Psalms, in the place cited.) "A bridle. ...
/t/teeth.htm - 25k

Raged (12 Occurrences)
... Kings 19:28 Because of thy raging against Me, and for that thy tumult is come up
into Mine ears, therefore will I put My hook in thy nose, and My bridle in thy ...
/r/raged.htm - 10k

Rein (3 Occurrences)
... Noah Webster's Dictionary 1. (n.) The strap of a bridle by which the rider
controls a horse. 2. (n.) Hence, an instrument or means ...
/r/rein.htm - 7k

Concordance
Bridle (12 Occurrences)

James 1:26
If anyone among you thinks himself to be religious while he doesn't bridle his tongue, but deceives his heart, this man's religion is worthless. Peter's First Letter
(WEB KJV ASV WBS NAS RSV)

James 3:2
For in many things we all stumble. If anyone doesn't stumble in word, the same is a perfect man, able to bridle the whole body also.
(WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Revelation 14:20
The winepress was trodden outside of the city, and blood came out from the winepress, even to the bridles of the horses, as far as one thousand six hundred stadia.
(Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

2 Samuel 8:1
After this it happened that David struck the Philistines, and subdued them: and David took the bridle of the mother city out of the hand of the Philistines.
(WEB ASV YLT)

2 Kings 19:28
Because of your raging against me, and because your arrogance has come up into my ears, therefore will I put my hook in your nose, and my bridle in your lips, and I will turn you back by the way by which you came."
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)

Job 30:11
Because he hath loosed my cord, and afflicted me, they have also let loose the bridle before me.
(KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)

Job 41:13
Who can discover the face of his garment? or who can come to him with his double bridle?
(KJV JPS WBS YLT NIV)

Psalms 32:9
Don't be like the horse, or like the mule, which have no understanding, who are controlled by bit and bridle, or else they will not come near to you.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Psalms 39:1
For the Chief Musician. For Jeduthun. A Psalm by David. I said, "I will watch my ways, so that I don't sin with my tongue. I will keep my mouth with a bridle while the wicked is before me."
(WEB KJV ASV WBS RSV)

Proverbs 26:3
A whip is for the horse, a bridle for the donkey, and a rod for the back of fools!
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Isaiah 30:28
His breath is as an overflowing stream that reaches even to the neck, to sift the nations with the sieve of destruction; and a bridle that leads to ruin will be in the jaws of the peoples.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Isaiah 37:29
Because of your raging against me, and because your arrogance has come up into my ears, therefore will I put my hook in your nose and my bridle in your lips, and I will turn you back by the way by which you came.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)

Subtopics

Bridle

Bridle: Figurative

Bridle: General Scriptures Concerning

Related Terms

Bit (46 Occurrences)

Metheg-ammah (1 Occurrence)

Methegammah (1 Occurrence)

Jaw (6 Occurrences)

Jawbone (3 Occurrences)

Insolence (11 Occurrences)

Teeth (50 Occurrences)

Raged (12 Occurrences)

Rein (3 Occurrences)

Arrogancy (16 Occurrences)

Arrogance (30 Occurrences)

Raging (26 Occurrences)

Camest (27 Occurrences)

Rage (43 Occurrences)

Tumult (56 Occurrences)

Err (41 Occurrences)

Horse (62 Occurrences)

Bridge

Nose (23 Occurrences)

Hook (10 Occurrences)

Ring (33 Occurrences)

Offendeth (1 Occurrence)

Jaws (12 Occurrences)

Journey (214 Occurrences)

Whip (7 Occurrences)

Include (7 Occurrences)

Fool's (10 Occurrences)

Thinks (20 Occurrences)

Trappings (1 Occurrence)

Tight (9 Occurrences)

Restraint (34 Occurrences)

Religious (13 Occurrences)

Resen (1 Occurrence)

Reacheth (23 Occurrences)

Reaches (26 Occurrences)

Error (90 Occurrences)

Deceives (14 Occurrences)

Day's (19 Occurrences)

Divideth (20 Occurrences)

Mouth (534 Occurrences)

Metropolis (1 Occurrence)

Mistakes (1 Occurrence)

Peter's (11 Occurrences)

Beard (23 Occurrences)

Bridles (2 Occurrences)

Boss

Curb (5 Occurrences)

Check (9 Occurrences)

Controlled (20 Occurrences)

Curbed (1 Occurrence)

Cheek (9 Occurrences)

Choirmaster (55 Occurrences)

Cord (47 Occurrences)

Afflicteth (3 Occurrences)

Shakes (11 Occurrences)

Stumbleth (11 Occurrences)

Sieve (2 Occurrences)

Slip (22 Occurrences)

Sift (5 Occurrences)

Worthless (103 Occurrences)

Jeduthun (15 Occurrences)

Discover (28 Occurrences)

Subdued (41 Occurrences)

Mule (9 Occurrences)

Tongue (160 Occurrences)

Noise (126 Occurrences)

Fools (53 Occurrences)

Loosed (41 Occurrences)

Uproar (33 Occurrences)

Ornaments (50 Occurrences)

Backs (46 Occurrences)

Overflowing (54 Occurrences)

Fault (42 Occurrences)

Stumble (89 Occurrences)

Uncovered (78 Occurrences)

Musician (112 Occurrences)

Torrent (49 Occurrences)

Shake (68 Occurrences)

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