Leviticus 5:4
Text Analysis
Strong'sHebrewEnglishMorphology
176 [e]א֣וֹ
’ōw
OrConj
5315 [e]נֶ֡פֶשׁ
ne-p̄eš
a personN-fs
3588 [e]כִּ֣י
ifConj
7650 [e]תִשָּׁבַע֩
ṯiš-šā-ḇa‘
swearsV-Nifal-Imperf-3fs
981 [e]לְבַטֵּ֨א
lə-ḇaṭ-ṭê
speaking thoughtlesslyPrep-l | V-Piel-Inf
8193 [e]בִשְׂפָתַ֜יִם
ḇiś-p̄ā-ṯa-yim
with [his] lipsPrep-b | N-fd
7489 [e]לְהָרַ֣ע ׀
lə-hā-ra‘
to do evilPrep-l | V-Hifil-Inf
176 [e]א֣וֹ
’ōw
orConj
3190 [e]לְהֵיטִ֗יב
lə-hê-ṭîḇ,
to do goodPrep-l | V-Hifil-Inf
3605 [e]לְ֠כֹל
lə-ḵōl
in allPrep-l | N-ms
834 [e]אֲשֶׁ֨ר
’ă-šer
whatever [it is]Pro-r
981 [e]יְבַטֵּ֧א
yə-ḇaṭ-ṭê
may pronounceV-Piel-Imperf-3ms
120 [e]הָאָדָ֛ם
hā-’ā-ḏām
that a manArt | N-ms
7621 [e]בִּשְׁבֻעָ֖ה
biš-ḇu-‘āh
by an oathPrep-b | N-fs
5956 [e]וְנֶעְלַ֣ם
wə-ne‘-lam
and he is unawareConj-w | V-Nifal-ConjPerf-3ms
4480 [e]מִמֶּ֑נּוּ
mim-men-nū;
of itPrep | 3ms
1931 [e]וְהוּא־
wə-hū-
and when heConj-w | Pro-3ms
3045 [e]יָדַ֥ע
yā-ḏa‘
realizes [it]V-Qal-Perf-3ms
816 [e]וְאָשֵׁ֖ם
wə-’ā-šêm
then he shall be guiltyConj-w | V-Qal-ConjPerf-3ms
259 [e]לְאַחַ֥ת
lə-’a-ḥaṯ
in onePrep-l | Number-fs
428 [e]מֵאֵֽלֶּה׃
mê-’êl-leh.
of these [matters]Prep-m | Pro-cp









Hebrew Texts
ויקרא 5:4 Hebrew OT: Westminster Leningrad Codex
אֹ֣ו נֶ֡פֶשׁ כִּ֣י תִשָּׁבַע֩ לְבַטֵּ֨א בִשְׂפָתַ֜יִם לְהָרַ֣ע ׀ אֹ֣ו לְהֵיטִ֗יב לְ֠כֹל אֲשֶׁ֨ר יְבַטֵּ֧א הָאָדָ֛ם בִּשְׁבֻעָ֖ה וְנֶעְלַ֣ם מִמֶּ֑נּוּ וְהוּא־יָדַ֥ע וְאָשֵׁ֖ם לְאַחַ֥ת מֵאֵֽלֶּה׃

ויקרא 5:4 Hebrew OT: WLC (Consonants Only)
או נפש כי תשבע לבטא בשפתים להרע ׀ או להיטיב לכל אשר יבטא האדם בשבעה ונעלם ממנו והוא־ידע ואשם לאחת מאלה׃

ויקרא 5:4 Paleo-Hebrew OT: WLC (Font Required)
או נפש כי תשבע לבטא בשפתים להרע ׀ או להיטיב לכל אשר יבטא האדם בשבעה ונעלם ממנו והוא־ידע ואשם לאחת מאלה׃

ויקרא 5:4 Hebrew Bible
או נפש כי תשבע לבטא בשפתים להרע או להיטיב לכל אשר יבטא האדם בשבעה ונעלם ממנו והוא ידע ואשם לאחת מאלה׃

Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
Or if a person swears thoughtlessly with his lips to do evil or to do good, in whatever matter a man may speak thoughtlessly with an oath, and it is hidden from him, and then he comes to know it, he will be guilty in one of these.

King James Bible
Or if a soul swear, pronouncing with his lips to do evil, or to do good, whatsoever it be that a man shall pronounce with an oath, and it be hid from him; when he knoweth of it, then he shall be guilty in one of these.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Or if someone swears rashly to do what is good or evil--concerning anything a person may speak rashly in an oath--without being aware of it, but later recognizes it, he incurs guilt in such an instance.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

if a soul. This relates to rash oaths or vows, which a man was afterwards unable, or which it would have been sinful, to perform.

to do evil

Leviticus 27:2 Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them, When a man shall …

Joshua 2:14 And the men answered her, Our life for yours, if you utter not this …

Joshua 9:15 And Joshua made peace with them, and made a league with them, to …

Judges 9:19 If you then have dealt truly and sincerely with Jerubbaal and with …

Judges 11:31 Then it shall be, that whatever comes forth of the doors of my house …

Judges 21:7,18 How shall we do for wives for them that remain, seeing we have sworn …

1 Samuel 1:11 And she vowed a vow, and said, O LORD of hosts, if you will indeed …

1 Samuel 14:24-28 And the men of Israel were distressed that day: for Saul had adjured …

1 Samuel 24:21,22 Swear now therefore to me by the LORD, that you will not cut off …

1 Samuel 25:22 So and more also do God to the enemies of David…

2 Samuel 21:7 But the king spared Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan the son of …

2 Kings 6:31 Then he said, God do so and more also to me, if the head of Elisha …

Psalm 132:2-5 How he swore to the LORD, and vowed to the mighty God of Jacob…

Ecclesiastes 5:2-6 Be not rash with your mouth, and let not your heart be hasty to utter …

Ezekiel 17:18,19 Seeing he despised the oath by breaking the covenant, when, see, …

Matthew 14:7,9 Whereupon he promised with an oath to give her whatever she would ask…

Mark 6:23 And he swore to her, Whatever you shall ask of me, I will give it …

Acts 23:12 And when it was day, certain of the Jews banded together, and bound …

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