Leviticus 5:4
Parallel Verses
New International Version
or if anyone thoughtlessly takes an oath to do anything, whether good or evil (in any matter one might carelessly swear about) even though they are unaware of it, but then they learn of it and realize their guilt--

King James Bible
Or if a soul swear, pronouncing with his lips to do evil, or to do good, whatsoever it be that a man shall pronounce with an oath, and it be hid from him; when he knoweth of it, then he shall be guilty in one of these.

Darby Bible Translation
Or if any one swear, talking rashly with the lips, to do evil or to do good, in everything that a man shall say rashly with an oath, and it be hid from him, when he knoweth [it], then is he guilty in one of these.

World English Bible
"'Or if anyone swears rashly with his lips to do evil, or to do good, whatever it is that a man might utter rashly with an oath, and it is hidden from him; when he knows of it, then he shall be guilty of one of these.

Young's Literal Translation
'Or when a person sweareth, speaking wrongfully with the lips to do evil, or to do good, even anything which man speaketh wrongfully with an oath, and it hath been hid from him; -- when he hath known then he hath been guilty of one of these;

Leviticus 5:4 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

To do evil, or to do good - It is very likely that rash promises are here intended; for if a man vow to do an act that is evil, though it would be criminal to keep such an oath or vow, yet he is guilty because he made it, and therefore must offer the trespass-offering. If he neglect to do the good he has vowed, he is guilty, and must in both cases confess his iniquity, and bring his trespass-offering.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

if a soul. This relates to rash oaths or vows, which a man was afterwards unable, or which it would have been sinful, to perform.

to do evil

Leviticus 27:2 Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them, When a man shall make a singular vow...

Joshua 2:14 And the men answered her, Our life for yours, if you utter not this our business. And it shall be, when the LORD has given us the land...

Joshua 9:15 And Joshua made peace with them, and made a league with them, to let them live: and the princes of the congregation swore to them.

Judges 9:19 If you then have dealt truly and sincerely with Jerubbaal and with his house this day, then rejoice you in Abimelech...

Judges 11:31 Then it shall be, that whatever comes forth of the doors of my house to meet me, when I return in peace from the children of Ammon...

Judges 21:7,18 How shall we do for wives for them that remain, seeing we have sworn by the LORD that we will not give them of our daughters to wives...

1 Samuel 1:11 And she vowed a vow, and said, O LORD of hosts, if you will indeed look on the affliction of your handmaid, and remember me...

1 Samuel 14:24-28 And the men of Israel were distressed that day: for Saul had adjured the people, saying...

1 Samuel 24:21,22 Swear now therefore to me by the LORD, that you will not cut off my seed after me...

1 Samuel 25:22 So and more also do God to the enemies of David...

2 Samuel 21:7 But the king spared Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan the son of Saul, because of the LORD's oath that was between them...

2 Kings 6:31 Then he said, God do so and more also to me, if the head of Elisha the son of Shaphat shall stand on him this day.

Psalm 132:2-5 How he swore to the LORD, and vowed to the mighty God of Jacob...

Ecclesiastes 5:2-6 Be not rash with your mouth, and let not your heart be hasty to utter any thing before God: for God is in heaven, and you on earth...

Ezekiel 17:18,19 Seeing he despised the oath by breaking the covenant, when, see, he had given his hand, and has done all these things...

Matthew 14:7,9 Whereupon he promised with an oath to give her whatever she would ask...

Mark 6:23 And he swore to her, Whatever you shall ask of me, I will give it you, to the half of my kingdom.

Acts 23:12 And when it was day, certain of the Jews banded together, and bound themselves under a curse...

Library
An Unalterable Law
EVERYWHERE under the old figurative dispensation, blood was sure to greet your eyes. It was the one most prominent thing under the Jewish economy, scarcely a ceremony was observed without it. You could not enter into any part of the tabernacle, but you saw traces of the blood-sprinkling. Sometimes there were bowls of blood cast at the foot of the altar. The place looked so like a shambles, that to visit it must have been far from attractive to the natural taste, and to delight in it, a man had need
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 60: 1914

Entire Sanctification
By Dr. Adam Clarke The word "sanctify" has two meanings. 1. It signifies to consecrate, to separate from earth and common use, and to devote or dedicate to God and his service. 2. It signifies to make holy or pure. Many talk much, and indeed well, of what Christ has done for us: but how little is spoken of what he is to do in us! and yet all that he has done for us is in reference to what he is to do in us. He was incarnated, suffered, died, and rose again from the dead; ascended to heaven, and there
Adam Clarke—Entire Sanctification

Cross References
Leviticus 5:3
or if they touch human uncleanness (anything that would make them unclean) even though they are unaware of it, but then they learn of it and realize their guilt;

Leviticus 5:13
In this way the priest will make atonement for them for any of these sins they have committed, and they will be forgiven. The rest of the offering will belong to the priest, as in the case of the grain offering.'"

Numbers 30:6
"If she marries after she makes a vow or after her lips utter a rash promise by which she obligates herself

Numbers 30:8
But if her husband forbids her when he hears about it, he nullifies the vow that obligates her or the rash promise by which she obligates herself, and the LORD will release her.

Psalm 106:33
for they rebelled against the Spirit of God, and rash words came from Moses' lips.

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