1 Samuel 13:5
Text Analysis
Strong'sHebrewEnglishMorphology
6430 [e]וּפְלִשְׁתִּ֞ים
ū-p̄ə-liš-tîm
And the PhilistinesConj-w | N-proper-mp
622 [e]נֶאֶסְפ֣וּ ׀
ne-’es-p̄ū
gathered togetherV-Nifal-Perf-3cp
3898 [e]לְהִלָּחֵ֣ם
lə-hil-lā-ḥêm
to fightPrep-l | V-Nifal-Inf
5973 [e]עִם־
‘im-
withPrep
3478 [e]יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל
yiś-rā-’êl,
IsraelN-proper-ms
7970 [e]שְׁלֹשִׁ֨ים
šə-lō-šîm
thirtyNumber-cp
505 [e]אֶ֤לֶף
’e-lep̄
thousandNumber-ms
7393 [e]רֶ֙כֶב֙
re-ḵeḇ
chariotsN-ms
8337 [e]וְשֵׁ֤שֶׁת
wə-šê-šeṯ
and sixConj-w | Number-msc
505 [e]אֲלָפִים֙
’ă-lā-p̄îm
thousandNumber-mp
6571 [e]פָּרָשִׁ֔ים
pā-rā-šîm,
horsemenN-mp
5971 [e]וְעָ֕ם
wə-‘ām
and peopleConj-w | N-ms
2344 [e]כַּח֛וֹל
ka-ḥō-wl
as the sandPrep-k, Art | N-ms
834 [e]אֲשֶׁ֥ר
’ă-šer
which [is]Pro-r
5921 [e]עַל־
‘al-
onPrep
8193 [e]שְׂפַֽת־
śə-p̄aṯ-
shoreN-fsc
3220 [e]הַיָּ֖ם
hay-yām
the seashoreArt | N-ms
7230 [e]לָרֹ֑ב
lā-rōḇ;
in multitudePrep-l, Art | N-ms
5927 [e]וַֽיַּעֲלוּ֙
way-ya-‘ă-lū
and they came upConj-w | V-Qal-ConsecImperf-3mp
2583 [e]וַיַּחֲנ֣וּ
way-ya-ḥă-nū
and encampedConj-w | V-Qal-ConsecImperf-3mp
4363 [e]בְמִכְמָ֔שׂ
ḇə-miḵ-māś,
in MichmashPrep-b | N-proper-fs
6926 [e]קִדְמַ֖ת
qiḏ-maṯ
to the eastN-fsc
  בֵּ֥ית
bêṯ
ofPrep
1007 [e]אָֽוֶן׃
’ā-wen.
Beth AvenN-proper-fs









Hebrew Texts
שמואל א 13:5 Hebrew OT: Westminster Leningrad Codex
וּפְלִשְׁתִּ֞ים נֶאֶסְפ֣וּ ׀ לְהִלָּחֵ֣ם עִם־יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל שְׁלֹשִׁ֨ים אֶ֤לֶף רֶ֙כֶב֙ וְשֵׁ֤שֶׁת אֲלָפִים֙ פָּרָשִׁ֔ים וְעָ֕ם כַּחֹ֛ול אֲשֶׁ֥ר עַל־שְׂפַֽת־הַיָּ֖ם לָרֹ֑ב וַֽיַּעֲלוּ֙ וַיַּחֲנ֣וּ בְמִכְמָ֔שׂ קִדְמַ֖ת בֵּ֥ית אָֽוֶן׃

שמואל א 13:5 Hebrew OT: WLC (Consonants Only)
ופלשתים נאספו ׀ להלחם עם־ישראל שלשים אלף רכב וששת אלפים פרשים ועם כחול אשר על־שפת־הים לרב ויעלו ויחנו במכמש קדמת בית און׃

שמואל א 13:5 Paleo-Hebrew OT: WLC (Font Required)
ופלשתים נאספו ׀ להלחם עם־ישראל שלשים אלף רכב וששת אלפים פרשים ועם כחול אשר על־שפת־הים לרב ויעלו ויחנו במכמש קדמת בית און׃

שמואל א 13:5 Hebrew Bible
ופלשתים נאספו להלחם עם ישראל שלשים אלף רכב וששת אלפים פרשים ועם כחול אשר על שפת הים לרב ויעלו ויחנו במכמש קדמת בית און׃

Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
Now the Philistines assembled to fight with Israel, 30,000 chariots and 6,000 horsemen, and people like the sand which is on the seashore in abundance; and they came up and camped in Michmash, east of Beth-aven.

King James Bible
And the Philistines gathered themselves together to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots, and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which is on the sea shore in multitude: and they came up, and pitched in Michmash, eastward from Bethaven.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The Philistines also gathered to fight against Israel: 3,000 chariots, 6,000 horsemen, and troops as numerous as the sand on the seashore. They went up and camped at Michmash, east of Beth-aven.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

thirty thousand chariots The Philistines had no doubt collected troops in this emergency, from all the surrounding nation; but the number of chariots is immensely large beyond any example, and wholly disproportioned to the number of their cavalry. It is probable, therefore, that for sheloshim aileph, `thirty thousand,' we should read shelosh aileph, `three thousand,' with the Syriac and Arabic.

as the sand

Genesis 22:17 That in blessing I will bless you, and in multiplying I will multiply …

Joshua 11:4 And they went out, they and all their hosts with them, much people, …

Judges 7:12 And the Midianites and the Amalekites and all the children of the …

2 Chronicles 1:9 Now, O LORD God, let your promise to David my father be established…

Isaiah 48:19 Your seed also had been as the sand, and the offspring of your bowels …

Jeremiah 15:8 Their widows are increased to me above the sand of the seas…

Romans 9:27 Esaias also cries concerning Israel, Though the number of the children …

Beth-aven

1 Samuel 14:23 So the LORD saved Israel that day: and the battle passed over to Bethaven.

Joshua 7:2 And Joshua sent men from Jericho to Ai, which is beside Bethaven, …

Joshua 18:12 And their border on the north side was from Jordan; and the border …

Hosea 4:15 Though you, Israel, play the harlot, yet let not Judah offend; and …

Hosea 5:8 Blow you the cornet in Gibeah, and the trumpet in Ramah: cry aloud …

Hosea 10:5 The inhabitants of Samaria shall fear because of the calves of Bethaven: …

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1 Samuel 13:4
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