1 Samuel 13:5
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And the Philistines mustered to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots and six thousand horsemen and troops like the sand on the seashore in multitude. They came up and encamped in Michmash, to the east of Beth-aven.

King James Bible
And the Philistines gathered themselves together to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots, and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which is on the sea shore in multitude: and they came up, and pitched in Michmash, eastward from Bethaven.

American Standard Version
And the Philistines assembled themselves together to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots, and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which is on the sea-shore in multitude: and they came up, and encamped in Michmash, eastward of Beth-aven.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The Philistines also were assembled to fight against Israel, thirty thousand chariots, and six thousand horsemen, and a multitude of people besides, like the sand on the sea shore for number. And going up they camped in Machmas at the east of Bethaven.

English Revised Version
And the Philistines assembled themselves together to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots, and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which is on the sea shore in multitude: and they came up, and pitched in Michmash, eastward of Beth-aven.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the Philistines assembled to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots, and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which is on the sea shore in multitude: and they came up, and encamped in Michmash, eastward from Beth-aven.

1 Samuel 13:5 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Lastly, he repeats once more his admonition, that they would continue stedfast in the fear of God, threatening at the same time the destruction of both king and people if they should do wrong (on 1 Samuel 12:24, see 1 Samuel 7:3 and Joshua 24:14, where the form יראוּ is also found). "For see what great things He has done for you" (shown to you), not by causing it to thunder and rain at Samuel's prayer, but by giving them a king. עם הגדּיל, as in Genesis 19:19.

1 Samuel 13:5 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

thirty thousand chariots The Philistines had no doubt collected troops in this emergency, from all the surrounding nation; but the number of chariots is immensely large beyond any example, and wholly disproportioned to the number of their cavalry. It is probable, therefore, that for sheloshim aileph, `thirty thousand,' we should read shelosh aileph, `three thousand,' with the Syriac and Arabic.

as the sand

Genesis 22:17 That in blessing I will bless you, and in multiplying I will multiply your seed as the stars of the heaven...

Joshua 11:4 And they went out, they and all their hosts with them, much people, even as the sand that is on the sea shore in multitude...

Judges 7:12 And the Midianites and the Amalekites and all the children of the east lay along in the valley like grasshoppers for multitude...

2 Chronicles 1:9 Now, O LORD God, let your promise to David my father be established...

Isaiah 48:19 Your seed also had been as the sand, and the offspring of your bowels like the gravel thereof...

Jeremiah 15:8 Their widows are increased to me above the sand of the seas...

Romans 9:27 Esaias also cries concerning Israel, Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, a remnant shall be saved:

Beth-aven

1 Samuel 14:23 So the LORD saved Israel that day: and the battle passed over to Bethaven.

Joshua 7:2 And Joshua sent men from Jericho to Ai, which is beside Bethaven, on the east of Bethel, and spoke to them, saying...

Joshua 18:12 And their border on the north side was from Jordan; and the border went up to the side of Jericho on the north side...

Hosea 4:15 Though you, Israel, play the harlot, yet let not Judah offend; and come not you to Gilgal, neither go you up to Bethaven, nor swear...

Hosea 5:8 Blow you the cornet in Gibeah, and the trumpet in Ramah: cry aloud at Bethaven, after you, O Benjamin.

Hosea 10:5 The inhabitants of Samaria shall fear because of the calves of Bethaven: for the people thereof shall mourn over it...

Cross References
Joshua 7:2
Joshua sent men from Jericho to Ai, which is near Beth-aven, east of Bethel, and said to them, "Go up and spy out the land." And the men went up and spied out Ai.

Joshua 11:4
And they came out with all their troops, a great horde, in number like the sand that is on the seashore, with very many horses and chariots.

Joshua 18:12
On the north side their boundary began at the Jordan. Then the boundary goes up to the shoulder north of Jericho, then up through the hill country westward, and it ends at the wilderness of Beth-aven.

1 Samuel 7:13
So the Philistines were subdued and did not again enter the territory of Israel. And the hand of the LORD was against the Philistines all the days of Samuel.

1 Samuel 13:2
Saul chose three thousand men of Israel. Two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and the hill country of Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin. The rest of the people he sent home, every man to his tent.

1 Samuel 13:11
Samuel said, "What have you done?" And Saul said, "When I saw that the people were scattering from me, and that you did not come within the days appointed, and that the Philistines had mustered at Michmash,

1 Samuel 14:23
So the LORD saved Israel that day. And the battle passed beyond Beth-aven.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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