Exodus 3:8
I have come down to rescue them from the hand of the Egyptians and to bring them up out of that land to a good and spacious land, a land flowing with milk and honey--the home of the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites.
I am Come DownJ. S. Exell, M. A.Exodus 3:8
Jehovah Resents the Oppression of the ChurchJ. S. Exell, M. A.Exodus 3:8
The Canaanites and the HittitesJ. S. Exell, M. A.Exodus 3:8
The Divine ResolutionC. H. Mackintosh.Exodus 3:8
The World's Sorrow and Christ's RedemptionJ. S. Exell, M. A.Exodus 3:8
To Bring Them Up Out of that LandJ. S. Exell, M. A.Exodus 3:8
Unto a Good Land, and a LargeJ. S. Exell, M. A.Exodus 3:8
The Burning BushH.T. Robjohns Exodus 3:1-10
How Moses Met with GodJ. Urquhart Exodus 3:3-10
A Large Promise for a Great NeedD. Young Exodus 3:7-9
God's Sympathy with the OppressedJ. Orr Exodus 3:7-11

I. GOD IS EVER IN SYMPATHY WITH THE OPPRESSED, AND AGAINST THEIR OPPRESSORS (vers. 7, 9). This is now, thanks to the Bible, made as certain to us as any truth can be. God's sympathy may be viewed -

1. As implied in his moral perfection.

2. As certified to us by the pity of our own hearts. He who put pity in these hearts must surely himself be pitiful. Yet, so much is there in the world which bears a different aspect, that -

3. It needs revelation to assure us of it - to put the fact beyond all doubt. And the revelation has been given. No student of God's character in the Bible can doubt that he compassionates.

(1) His words declare it.

(2) His deeds attest it.

(3) The Cross demonstrates it.

And, whatever mystery surrounds God's ways at present, he will one day make it plain by exacting a terrible retribution for all wrongs done to the defence-less (Psalm 12:5; James 5:4).

1. Comfort for the oppressed. Not one of their sighs escapes the ear of God.

2. Warning to the oppressor.


1. As Abraham's seed - children of the covenant - far gone indeed from righteousness, yet beloved for the fathers' sake (Romans 11:28).

2. As retaining, in however corrupt a form, the worship of the true God. They were his people, in a sense in which the worshippers of Osiris, and Thoth, and the other gods of Egypt, were not.

3. As containing many true believers. There was a-spiritual Israel within the natural - an "holy seed" (Isaiah 6:13) - "a remnant, according to the election of grace" (Romans 11:5). Therefore, because Israel was God's people, God was deeply interested in them. He knew their sorrows. He was zealous on their behalf, as One whose own honour was concerned in what they suffered. And as in all their affliction he was afflicted (Isaiah 63:9), so when the time came, he would avenge them of their adversaries. Believers have the same consolation in enduring trial (2 Thessalonians 4-10).

III. GOD'S SYMPATHY WITH THE OPPRESSED IS SHOWN BY HIS MERCIFULLY INTERPOSING ON THEIR BEHALF. As he interposed for Israel - as he has often interposed for his Church since - as he interposed for the salvation of the world, when, moved by our pitiable state under sin - afflicted and "oppressed of the devil" (Acts 10:38; Acts 26:18; Ephesians 2:2; Colossians 1:13) - he sent his Son that "we should not perish, but have everlasting life' (John 3:16). His sympathy with his Church is shown, not only in the comforts he imparts, and the grace by which he upholds, but in the deliverances he sends; on which remark -

1. God has his own times for them.

2. Till the time comes, his people must be content to wait.

3. When it comes, no power can hinder the execution of his purpose.

4. The deliverance will bring with it compensation for all that has been endured - "a good land," etc. The ultimate compensation, when God has brought his people up out of the Egypt of all their afflictions, and planted them in the land of perfected bliss, will be such as to clear his character from all imputations of injustice and unkindness. - J.O.

I am come down to deliver them.
1. Christ came down from heaven.

2. Christ came at the call of the world's sorrow.

3. Christ came to achieve the world's moral freedom.

4. Christ came to destroy the kingship of sin..

5. Christ came to lead men into happiness.

6. Christ came to awaken holy agencies for the spiritual welfare of the race.

(J. S. Exell, M. A.)

1. Surely.

2. Speedily.

3. Continually.

4. Retributively.

(J. S. Exell, M. A.)

God is said to descend.

1. In accommodation to a human form of speech.

2. To show judgment on the wicked (Genesis 18.).

3. Perhaps to indicate the situation of Egypt, which was a low country.

4. To indicate some notable event about to follow. Babel.

(J. S. Exell, M. A.)

1. Of bad rulership.

2. Of wicked companionship.

3. Of hostile religious influences.

4. Of servile bondage.

5. There are many countries in the world where it is dangerous for God's people to reside.

(J. S. Exell, M. A.)

1. Canaan was large compared with Goshen.

2. God exchanges the situations of His people for their good.

3. God does not intend His people to remain long the slaves of any earthly power.

4. The spiritual Israel will in eternity enter into the fulness of these words.

(J. S. Exell, M. A.)

— A disinherited people: —

1. Disinherited by God, as the Supreme Disposer of all territory.

2. As under a special

(J. S. Exell, M. A.)

Here the absolute, free, unconditional grace of the God of Abraham, and the God of Abraham's seed, shines forth in all its native brightness, unhindered by the "ifs " and "buts," the vows, resolutions, and conditions of man's legal spirit. God had come down to display Himself, in sovereign grace, to do the whole work of salvation, to accomplish His promise made to Abraham, and repeated to Isaac and Jacob. He had not come down to see if, indeed, the subjects of His promise were in such a condition as to merit His salvation. It was sufficient for Him that they needed it. He was not attracted by their excellencies or their virtues. It was not on the ground of aught that was good in them, either seen or foreseen, that He was about to visit them, for He knew what was in them. In one word, we have the true ground of His gracious acting set before us in the words, "I am the God of Abraham," and "I have seen the affliction of My people." These words reveal a great fundamental principle in the ways of God. It is on the ground of what He is, that He ever acts. "I AM," secures all for "MY PEOPLE." Assuredly He was not going to leave His people amid the brick-kilns of Egypt, and under the lash of Pharaoh's taskmasters. They were His people, and He would act toward them in a manner worthy of Himself. Nothing should hinder the public display of His relationship with those for whom His eternal purpose had secured the land of Canaan. He had come down to deliver them; and the combined power of earth and hell could not hold them in captivity one hour beyond His appointed time. He might and did use Egypt as a school, and Pharaoh as a schoolmaster; but when the needed work was accomplished, both the school and the schoolmaster were set aside, and His people were brought forth with a high hand and an outstretched arm.

(C. H. Mackintosh.)

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