proistemi: I ruleOriginal Word: προΐστημι
Part of Speech: Verb
Phonetic Spelling: (pro-is'-tay-mee)
Short Definition: I rule
Definition: I preside, rule over, give attention to, direct, maintain, practice diligently.
4291 proístēmi (from 4253 /pró, "before" and 2476 /hístēmi, "to stand") – properly, "pre-standing," referring to a pre-set (well-established) character which provides the needed model to direct others, i.e. to positively impact them by example.
4291 /proístēmi ("diligent to take the lead") underlines the effectiveness of influencing people by having a respected reputation, i.e. one built on a solid "track-record." This happens by setting the example of excellence by living in faith (cf. Ro 12:3,8).
[See also the derivative, 4368 /prostátis, which is used of a woman who has an impressive Christian reputation (Phoebe, Ro 16:2).]
Thayer's Greek LexiconSTRONGS NT 4291: προΐστημι
προΐστημι: 2 aorist infinitive προστῆναι; perfect participle προεστώς; present middle προισταμαι; from Homer, Iliad 4, 156 down;
1. in the transitive tenses to set or place before; to set over.
2. in the perfect pluperfect and 2 aorist active and in the present and imperfect middle a. to be over, to superintend, preside over (A. V. rule) (so from Herodotus down): 1 Timothy 5:17; with a genitive of the person or thing over which one presides, 1 Thessalonians 5:12; 1 Timothy 3:4f, 12.
b. to be a protector or guardian; to give aid (Euripides, Demosthenes, Aeschines, Polybius): Romans 12:8 ((others with A. V. to rule; cf. Fritzsche at the passage; Stuart, commentary, excurs. xii.)).
c. to care for, give attention to: with a genitive of the thing, καλῶν ἔργων, Titus 3:8, 14; for examples from secular writings see Kypke and Lösner; (some (cf. R. V. marginal reading) would render these two examples profess honest occupations (see ἔργον, 1); but cf. ἔργον, 3, p. 248b middle and Field, Otium Norv. pars iii, at the passage cited). see GREEK pro see GREEK histemi
see GREEK pro
see GREEK histemi
Englishman's ConcordanceStrong's Greek 4291
προεστῶτες — 1 Occ.
προϊστάμενοι — 1 Occ.
προϊστάμενον — 1 Occ.
προϊστάμενος — 1 Occ.
προϊσταμένους — 1 Occ.
προΐστασθαι — 2 Occ.
προστῆναι — 1 Occ.
Romans 12:8 V-PPM-NMS
GRK: ἁπλότητι ὁ προϊστάμενος ἐν σπουδῇ
NAS: with liberality; he who leads, with diligence;
KJV: simplicity; he that ruleth, with
INT: simplicity he that takes the lead with earnestness