gumnazó: to exercise naked, to trainOriginal Word: γυμνάζω
Part of Speech: Verb
Phonetic Spelling: (goom-nad'-zo)
Short Definition: I train by physical exercise
Definition: I train by physical exercise; hence: train, in the widest sense.
1128 gymnázō (from 1131 /gymnós, "to train, naked or wearing a loin cloth") – properly, naked or lightly clad, as with an ancient Greek athlete in a sporting event; (figuratively) to train with one's full effort, i.e. with complete physical, emotional force like when working out intensely in a gymnasium.
["Gym" and "gymnasium" come from this same root.]
1128 /gymnázō ("exert intensely, like a pro-athlete") presumes full discipline, necessary to be in "top working condition" (full agility, skill, endurance). This is gained only from constant, rigorous training (exercise). 1128 (gymnázō) conveys acquiring proficiency through practice – regular exercise with graduated resistance (the physical element is also included with the spiritual of being in "God's gymnasium").
NAS Exhaustive ConcordanceWord Origin
to exercise naked, to train
discipline (1), trained (3).
Thayer's Greek LexiconSTRONGS NT 1128: γυμνάζω
γυμνάζω; (perfect passive participle γεγυμνασμενοσ'; (γυμνός); common in Greek writings from Aeschylus down;
1. properly, to exercise naked (in the palaestra).
2. to exercise vigorously, in any way, either the body or the mind: ἑαυτόν πρός εὐσέβειαν, of one who strives earnestly to become godly, 1 Timothy 4:7; γεγυμνασμενος exercised, Hebrews 5:14; Hebrews 12:11; καρδίαν γεγυμνασμένην πλεονεξίας (Rec. πλεονεξίαις), a soul that covetousness or the love of gain has trained in its crafty ways, 2 Peter 2:14; cf. Winer's Grammar, § 30, 4. From gumnos; to practise naked (in the games), i.e. Train (figuratively) -- exercise. see GREEK gumnos
From gumnos; to practise naked (in the games), i.e. Train (figuratively) -- exercise.
see GREEK gumnos
Englishman's ConcordanceStrong's Greek 1128
γεγυμνασμένα — 1 Occ.
γεγυμνασμένην — 1 Occ.
γεγυμνασμένοις — 1 Occ.
γύμναζε — 1 Occ.
1 Timothy 4:7 V-PMA-2S
GRK: μύθους παραιτοῦ γύμναζε δὲ σεαυτὸν
NAS: hand, discipline yourself
KJV: and exercise thyself
INT: fables refuse train moreover yourself
Hebrews 12:11 V-RPM/P-DMP
2 Peter 2:14 V-RPM/P-AFS