1129. gumnasia
Strong's Concordance
gumnasia: exercise
Original Word: γυμνασία, ας, ἡ
Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine
Transliteration: gumnasia
Phonetic Spelling: (goom-nas-ee'-ah)
Definition: exercise
Usage: (physical) exercise, in a wide sense.
HELPS Word-studies

Cognate: 1129 gymnasía (from 1128 /gymnázō, "to train, work out, exercise" and the root of the English term, "gymnasium") – properly, physical training ("bodily exercise").

1129 /gymnasía ("bodily exercise"), used only in 1 Tim 4:8, refers to bodily disciplines used for extreme ascetic practices. That is, when physical exercise (like yoga) is viewed as "the necessary gateway to experience true spirituality." Thus exercise per se is not discouraged here, only required bodily exercises in mystical-physical teachings like theosophy. This ancient (and current) philosophy contends the discipline of the body is one of life's chief concerns and special physical exercises as necessary for spiritual advancment. (cf. Expositor's Greek Testament).

["The words are to be taken in their literal sense as referring to physical training in the palaestra – boxing, racing, etc. Compare 1 Cor 9:24-27. Some, however, find in them an allusion to current ascetic practices; against which is the statement that such exercise is profitable, though only for a little" (WS, 1035).]

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
from gumnazó
NASB Translation
discipline (1).

Thayer's Greek Lexicon
STRONGS NT 1129: γυμνασία

γυμνασία, γυμνασιας, (γυμνάζω);

a. properly, the exercise of the body in the palaestra.

b. any exercise whatever: σωματική γυμνασία, the exercise of conscientiousness relative to the body, such as is characteristic of ascetics and consists in abstinence from matrimony and certain kinds of food, 1 Timothy 4:8. (4 Macc. 11:19. In Greek writings from Plato, legg. i., p. 648 c. down.)

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
exercise, training, discipline

From gumnazo; training, i.e. (figuratively) asceticism -- exercise.

see GREEK gumnazo

Forms and Transliterations
γυμνασια γυμνασία gumnasia gymnasia gymnasía
Interlinear GreekInterlinear HebrewStrong's NumbersEnglishman's Greek ConcordanceEnglishman's Hebrew ConcordanceParallel Texts
Englishman's Concordance
1 Timothy 4:8 N-NFS
GRK: γὰρ σωματικὴ γυμνασία πρὸς ὀλίγον
NAS: for bodily discipline is only of little
KJV: For bodily exercise profiteth little:
INT: indeed bodily exercise for a little

Strong's Greek 1129
1 Occurrence

γυμνασία — 1 Occ.

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