Wesley's Notes on the Bible
Thou hast made the earth to tremble; thou hast broken it: heal the breaches thereof; for it shaketh.
60:2 Tremble - A poetical expression, signifying great changes among the people.
Thou hast shewed thy people hard things: thou hast made us to drink the wine of astonishment.
60:3 To drink - Thou hast filled us with no less honor, than men intoxicated with strong drink.
Thou hast given a banner to them that fear thee, that it may be displayed because of the truth. Selah.
60:4 A banner - Which is a sign and instrument, Of union. This people who were lately divided, thou hast united under one banner, under my government: Of battle. Thou hast given us an army, and power to oppose our enemies; which blessing God gave to Israel, for the sake of those few sincere Israelites who were among them. The truth - Not for any merit of ours, but to shew thy faithfulness in making good thy promises.
That thy beloved may be delivered; save with thy right hand, and hear me.
60:5 Beloved - Thy beloved people.
God hath spoken in his holiness; I will rejoice, I will divide Shechem, and mete out the valley of Succoth.
60:6 Rejoice - Therefore I will turn my prayers into praises, for what God has already done. Divide - Which supposeth possession and dominion. Shechem - A place within Jordan, in mount Ephraim. Succoth - A place without Jordan. He mentions Shechem, and Succoth; for all the land of Canaan, within and without Jordan.
Gilead is mine, and Manasseh is mine; Ephraim also is the strength of mine head; Judah is my lawgiver;
60:7 Gilead - All the land beyond Jordan, which was possessed by Reuben and Gad, and half of the tribe of Manasseh. Manasseh - The other half of that tribe within Jordan. The strength - A chief part of my strength, either to offend mine enemies, or to defend myself. For this tribe was very numerous, and valiant and rich. Law - giver - The chief seat of my throne and kingdom, and of the inferior throne of judgment, Psal 122:5.
Moab is my washpot; over Edom will I cast out my shoe: Philistia, triumph thou because of me.
60:8 Wash - pot - In which I shall wash my feet. I shall bring them into the lowest degree of servitude. Shoe - I will use them like slaves; a proverbial expression. Triumph - It is an ironical expression, signifying that her triumphs were come to an end.
Who will bring me into the strong city? who will lead me into Edom?
60:9 Who - None can do it but God. City - The cities; the singular number for the plural. Having beaten his enemies out of the field, he desires God's assistance to take their strong - holds, and so secure himself from farther attempts. Edom - Which was an high and rocky country, Obad 1 - 3, fortified by nature, as well as by art, and therefore not to be subdued without a Divine hand.
Wilt not thou, O God, which hadst cast us off? and thou, O God, which didst not go out with our armies?
60:10 Hadst cut off - But now hast graciously returned to us.
Give us help from trouble: for vain is the help of man.
Through God we shall do valiantly: for he it is that shall tread down our enemies.