For without are dogs, and sorcerers, and fornicators, and murderers, and idolaters, and whoever loves and makes a lie.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)For without are dogs and sorcerers . . .—Better, Outside are the dogs, and the sorcerers, and the fornicators, and the murderers, and the idolators, and every one loving and doing falsehood. The language is again an echo of earlier words. (See Revelation 21:8.) The allusion to the dogs outside the city is hardly appreciated by Westerns. In the East, however, “troops of hungry and semi-wild dogs used to wander about the fields and streets of the cities, devouring dead bodies and other offal (1Kings 14:11; 1Kings 16:4; 1Kings 21:19; 1Kings 22:38; 2Kings 9:10; 2Kings 9:36; Jeremiah 15:3; Psalm 59:6), and thus became such objects of dislike that fierce and cruel enemies are poetically styled dogs in Psalm 22:16; Psalm 22:20.” The dog, moreover, was an unclean animal; dogs, therefore, are represented as outside the city, because nothing unclean is allowed to enter. The sins enumerated here are similar to those mentioned in the last chapter (Revelation 22:8); it is the reiteration, therefore, of the warning that those who would enter in must break off their sins by righteousness.Deuteronomy 23:18. On the meaning of the expression, see the notes on Philippians 3:2. The word "without" means that they would not be admitted into the heavenly city, the New Jerusalem, Revelation 21:8, Revelation 21:27.
And sorcerers, ... - All these characters are specified in Revelation 21:8, as excluded from heaven. See the notes on that verse. The only change is, that those who "love and make a lie" are added to the list; that is, who delight in lies, or what is false.
dogs—Greek, "the dogs"; the impure, filthy (Re 22:11; compare Php 3:2).
maketh—including also "whosoever practiceth a lie" [W. Kelly].See Poole on "Revelation 22:13" Matthew 7:6. Some think Sodomites are intended, as in Deuteronomy 23:18. So Abarbinel and others interpret the law; and who abound in the Roman jurisdiction, called therefore Sodom, Revelation 11:8 and indeed all wicked men, who will be cast out into outer darkness, may be signified hereby. The Jews say (k),
"when a man dies, if he be worthy (or righteous) he descends in the likeness of a lion to receive "his" soul, but if not, in the likeness of "a dog", concerning which David says, Psalm 22:20.''
And sorcerers, and whoremongers, and murderers, and idolaters; characters of the antichristian party, who will have no place in this city, or glorious kingdom of Christ; See Gill on Revelation 21:8.
And whosoever loveth and maketh a lie; who loves both to invent and tell lies, and loves to hear them told by others; meaning more especially the doctrinal lies of antichrist, which are spoken in hypocrisy by him, and his followers are given up to believe.For without are dogs, and sorcerers, and whoremongers, and murderers, and idolaters, and whosoever loveth and maketh a lie.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)κύνες, an archaic metaphor, coloured by the nomad’s hatred of hounds; cf. Arabia Deserta, i. 337, 339 (“only the dog has no citizenship in the nomad life”. “It is the only life mishandled by the gentle Arab, who with spurns and blows cast out these profane creatures from the tent.”) Here κύνες are not merely impure pagans, but the impudently impure, possibly in the special and darker sense of “sodomites” (cf. 1 Timothy 1:10; Deuteronomy 23:19-20, collated with πόρνη and βδέλυγμα). cf. on Revelation 21:8 and Cooke’s North Sem. Inscriptions, p. 68. Such loathsome practices were not uncommon in the Oriental cults.15. For] should be omitted.
dogs &c.] The articles should be expressed, “the dogs, and the sorcerers (see on Revelation 9:21, Revelation 21:8), and the fornicators, and the murderers and the idolaters, and everyone that loveth &c.”
maketh] Or doeth: the word is the same as in St John’s I Ephesians 1:6. To do the truth or a lie is a great deal more, for good or evil, than merely to say it. In that passage, the false Christian’s falsehood lies altogether in what he does, not in the privileges he claims, which would be truly his, if not belied by his life.Revelation 22:15.  ΦΙΛῶΝ ΨΕῦΔΟς) A good mind loves the truth, a bad one loves falsehood. That saying of Aristotle may in a certain sense be accommodated to this passage: ΤΟῦΤʼ ἜΣΤΙΝ Ἡ ΚΑΤʼ ἈΛΉΘΕΙΑΝ ΕὐΦΫΊΑ, ΤῸ ΔΎΝΑΣΘΑΙ ΚΑΛῶς ἙΛΈΣΘΑΙ Τʼ ἈΛΗΘῈς ΚΑῚ ΦΥΓΕῖΝ ΤῸ ΨΕῦΔΟς· ὍΠΕΡ ΟἹ ΠΕΦΥΚΌΤΕς Εὖ, ΔΎΝΑΝΤΑΙ ΠΟΙΕῖΝ Εὖ· ΟἹ ΓᾺΡ ΦΙΛΟῦΝΤΕς ΚΑῚ ΜΙΣΟῦΝΤΕς ΤῸ ΠΡΟΣΦΈΡΟΜΕΝΟΝ Εὖ, ΚΡΊΝΟΥΣΙ ΤῸ ΒΈΛΤΙΣΤΟΝ: lib. viii. Topic. cap. 14. Let this be transferred to spiritual things. It is the part of a good disposition to love the truth, and to hate falsehood: of a bad disposition, to hate the truth, and to love falsehood. Such indeed we all are by nature; but one receives the truth, an other continues to imitate the deaf adder: Psalm 58:4-5. Hence the hearing of many is averse from the harmony of the truth, especially from that of the Apocalypse. The things which are set forth are plain from the words themselves and from the parallelism, but σωφροσύνη must be applied.
 τοῖς πυλῶσιν, through the gates) namely, as those who are invested with legitimate power.—V. g.Verse 15. - For without are dogs, and sorcerers, and whoremongers, and murderers, and idolaters, and whosoever loveth and maketh a lie; without (omit "for") are the dogs, and the sorcerers, and the fornicaters, etc. The article renders each term general in its signification (see on Revelation 4:11). "The dogs" are those who are described in ver. 11 as "the filthy;" the term is proverbial amongst Eastern nations as an expression for what is most degraded. The epithets in this verse occur (with others) in Revelation 21:8. A contrast is forcibly presented between these wicked ones here indicated, and those who have (in the preceding verse) the right to enter the city, owing to their purity obtained by washing their robes.
The A.V. omits the article "the dogs." Compare Philippians 3:2. This was the term of reproach with which the Judaizers stigmatized the Gentiles as impure. In the Mosaic law the word is used to denounce the moral profligacies of heathen worship (Deuteronomy 23:18). Compare Matthew 15:26. Here the word is used of those whose moral impurity excludes them from the New Jerusalem. "As a term of reproach, the word on the lips of a Jew, signified chiefly impurity; of a Greek, impudence. The herds of dogs which prowl about Eastern cities, without a home and without an owner, feeding on the refuse and filth of the streets, quarreling among themselves, and attacking the passer-by, explain both applications of the image" (Lightfoot, on Philippians 3:2).
Rev., better, fornicators.
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