And weighed to them the silver, and the gold, and the vessels, even the offering of the house of our God, which the king, and his counsellors, and his lords, and all Israel there present, had offered:
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)And weighed.—The gold and silver were in bars. According to the best computation, the silver would amount to a quarter of a million of our money, and the gold to about three-quarters of a million.Ezra 8:25. And weighed unto them the silver and the gold — Because he expected to receive it from them again by weight. In all trusts, but especially sacred ones, we ought to be punctual, and preserve a right understanding on both sides. In Zerubbabel’s time the vessels were delivered by number, here by weight, that all might be forth-coming, and it might easily appear if any were missing.Ezra 8:31). Perhaps robber-tribes, Arab or Syrian, were his opponents.
the offering of the house of our God; what was freely offered for the service of it:
which the king and his counsellors, and his lords, and all Israel there present, had offered; as freewill offerings, see Ezra 7:15.And weighed unto them the silver, and the gold, and the vessels, even the offering of the house of our God, which the king, and his counsellors, and his lords, and all Israel there present, had offered:
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)25. and weighed] Money was still for the most part reckoned by weight (cf. on Ezra 7:22).
the silver, &c.] The offerings referred to in Ezra 7:15-18, and the vessels given by the king and others Ezra 7:19; Ezra 7:27.
the offering of the house, &c.] R.V. the offering for the house. A dedicatory offering (t‘rûmah), as is described in Exodus 35:24. Literally ‘the offering of’, as in Exodus 30:15, ‘the offering of the Lord’, or ‘heave offering unto the Lord’, Numbers 18:26; Numbers 18:28-29; Numbers 31:29; 2 Chronicles 31:14, ‘the oblations of the Lord’. Here ‘the offering of’, i.e. ‘belonging to the house’ is equivalent to ‘the offering for the house.’ The expression does not occur again.
his counsellers] cf. on Ezra 7:14.
his lords] R.V. his princes; as in Ezra 7:28.
and all Israel there present] Literally ‘and all Israel that were found’. A peculiar phrase, occurring also in 1 Chronicles 29:17, ‘thy people which are present here’ (lit. that are found here); 2 Chronicles 5:11, ‘all the priests that were present’ (lit. that were found).Verse 25. - And weighed unto the the silver, etc. We may gather from this that the silver and gold were in bars or ingots, and not in coined money. The Persians had coined money at this tin. e, but the Treasury kept the bulk of its stores in bars (Herod., 3:96). Ezra 7:6), in inducing forty Levites, and two hundred and twenty Nethinim, by means of Iddo's influence, to join their fellow-countrymen in their journey to Jerusalem. They brought to us ... לנוּ and עלינוּ refer to Ezra and his fellow-travellers. שׂכל אישׁ, a man of understanding, seems to be a proper name, being joined to Sherebiah, the name following, by a ו copulative. He was one of the descendants of Mahli, the son, i.e., grandson, of Levi the son of Israel, i.e., Jacob: comp. Exodus 6:16, Exodus 6:19; 1 Chronicles 6:4. Sherebiah occurs again in Ezra 8:24, and Nehemiah 8:7; Nehemiah 9:4, etc., Ezra 10:13; Ezra 12:24. The Levite Hashabiah, Ezra 10:19, is also named again, Ezra 8:24, Nehemiah 10:2, and Nehemiah 12:24, while the name of the Levite Jeshaiah, on the contrary, is not again met with in the books of either Ezra or Nehemiah.
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