And the children of the captivity kept the passover on the fourteenth day of the first month.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)Upon the fourteenth day of the first month.—Recording the special celebration of the Passover—after the precedent of Hezekiah and Josiah—Ezra returns to the Hebrew language. The occasion was, as it were, a renewal of the redemption from Egypt, and another wilderness had been passed.Ezra 6:19. And the children, of the captivity kept the passover — Now they were newly delivered out of their bondage in Babylon, it was seasonable to commemorate their deliverance out of their bondage in Egypt. Fresh mercies should put us in mind of former mercies. We may suppose that they had kept the passover, after a sort, every year since their return; for they had an altar and a tabernacle. But they were liable to frequent disturbances from their enemies, were straitened for room, and had not conveniences about them, so that they could not do it with due solemnity, till the temple was built; and now they made a joyful festival of it, it falling out in the next month after the temple was finished and dedicated.Ezra 4:8. With the exception of the letter of Artaxerxes Ezra 7:12-26, all the remainder of the book is in Hebrew. Ezra 6:15, this passover was kept at the exact time the law commanded, Exodus 12:2. And the children of the captivity kept the passover upon the fourteenth day of the first month.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)19. The Hebrew is here resumed.
the children of the captivity] cf. Ezra 6:16, Ezra 8:35.
kept the passover] on the 14th of the 1st month (Nisan) as was commanded in Exodus 12:6. Very few celebrations of the Passover are recorded. Besides the original occasion of the Passover, we only read in the O.T. of its being kept (1) under Moses on the second year after the Exodus (Numbers 9:5), (2) under Joshua at Gilgal after the reconsecration of the people by the rite of circumcision (Joshua 5:10), (3) in the reign of Hezekiah, after the purification of the Temple (2 Chronicles 30:1-2, ff.), (4) in the reign of Josiah, after the religious reformation (2 Kings 23:21; 2 Chronicles 35), (5) under Zerubbabel and Jeshua.
On each of these occasions the celebration of the Passover marks a new or a restored order of worship, and the solemn rededication by the people of their Covenant relation with God.Verse 19. - Upon the fourteenth day of the first month. The day fixed by the law of Moses (see Exodus 12:6). Ezra 6:13 Tatnai and his associate diligently executed the commands of Darius. "Because Darius the king sent (i.e., despatched to them the letter, whose contents have just been given, Ezra 6:6), they speedily acted accordingly in the manner stated" (כּנמא).
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