Eden
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Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary
Eden

pleasure; delight

Smith's Bible Dictionary
Eden

(pleasure).

  1. The first residence of man, called in the Septuagint Paradise. The latter is a word of Persian origin, and describes an extensive tract of pleasure land, somewhat like an English park; and the use of it suggests a wider view of man's first abode than a garden. The description of Eden is found in (Genesis 2:8-14) In the eastern portion of the region of Eden was the garden planted. The Hiddekel, one of its rivers, is the modern Tigris; the Euphrates is the same as the modern Euphrates. With regard to the Pison and Gihon a great variety of opinion exists, but the best authorities are divided between (1) Eden as in northeast Arabia, at the junction of the Euphrates and Tigris, and their separation again, making the four rivers of the different channels of these two, or (2), and most probably, Eden as situated in Armenia, near the origin of the rivers Tigris and Euphrates, and in which same region rise the Araxes (Pison of Genesis) and the Oxus (Gihon).
  2. One of the marts which supplied the luxury of Tyre with richly-embroidered stuffs. In (2 Kings 19:12) and Isai 37:12 "The sons of Eden" are mentioned with Gozan, Haran and Rezeph as victims of the Assyrian greed of conquest. Probability seems to point to the northwest of Mesopotamia as the locality of Eden.
  3. BETH-EDEN, "house of pleasure:" probably the name of a country residence of the kings of Damascus. (Amos 1:5)
ATS Bible Dictionary
Eden

A province in Asia, in which was Paradise. "The Lord God planted a garden eastward in Eden, and there he put the man whom he had formed," Genesis 2:8. The topography of Eden is thus described: "And a river went out of Eden to water the garden, and from thence it was parted, and became into four heads. The name of the first is Pison," etc.

This obscure passage has received many different explanations and applications, none of which are fully satisfactory; and now it is impossible to say with certainty where Eden lay. Most writers have sought for it in some elevated and central region, the heights of which would give rise to various rivers flowing off in different directions through lower grounds to their outlets. Such a region exists in the high lands of Armenia, west of Mount Ararat and 5,000 feet above the sea. Here, within a circle but a few miles in diameter, four large rivers rise: the Euphrates, and Tigris, or Hiddekel, flowing south into the Persian Gulf; the Araxes, flowing northeast into the Caspian Sea; and the Phasis, or the Halys, flowing northwest into the Black Sea. This fourth river may have been the Pishon of Eden; and the Araxes may well be the Gihon, since both words mean the same, and describe its dart-like swiftness. This elevated country, still beautiful and fertile, may have been the land of Eden; and in its choicest portion, towards the east, the garden may once have smiled.

Another location of Eden is now preferred by many interpreters-near the spot where the Euphrates and Tigris from a junction after their long wanderings, a hundred and twenty miles north of the Persian gulf, and where the river Ulai flows in from the northeast. This region may have been greatly changed by the lapse of many thousand years, and may now bear little resemblance to the luxuriant and beautiful plain of primeval times. Yet long after the flood the plain of Shinar in the same region attracted the admiration of the sons of Cush, Genesis 10:8-10; 11:2. As two of the rivers of Eden bear the familiar names of the Euphrates and Tigris, it seems probable that it was in one or the other of the regions above named. Wherever it was, it is there no more since the fall and the curse. The first chapters of the Bible show Paradise withdrawn from man's view, and no pilgrimage can discover it upon earth. The last chapters of the Bible restore to our view a more glorious and enduring Paradise: "Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life."

Easton's Bible Dictionary
Delight.

(1.) The garden in which our first parents dewlt (Genesis 2:8-17). No geographical question has been so much discussed as that bearing on its site. It has been placed in Armenia, in the region west of the Caspian Sea, in Media, near Damascus, in Palestine, in Southern Arabia, and in Babylonia. The site must undoubtedly be sought for somewhere along the course of the great streams the Tigris and the Euphrates of Western Asia, in "the land of Shinar" or Babylonia. The region from about lat. 33 degrees 30' to lat. 31 degrees, which is a very rich and fertile tract, has been by the most competent authorities agreed on as the probable site of Eden. "It is a region where streams abound, where they divide and re-unite, where alone in the Mesopotamian tract can be found the phenomenon of a single river parting into four arms, each of which is or has been a river of consequence."

Among almost all nations there are traditions of the primitive innocence of our race in the garden of Eden. This was the "golden age" to which the Greeks looked back. Men then lived a "life free from care, and without labour and sorrow. Old age was unknown; the body never lost its vigour; existence was a perpetual feast without a taint of evil. The earth brought forth spontaneously all things that were good in profuse abundance."

(2.) One of the Markets whence the merchants of Tyre obtained richly embroidered stuffs (Ezek. 27:23); the same, probably, as that mentioned in 2 Kings 19:12, and Isaiah 37:12, as the name of a region conquered by the Assyrians.

(3.) Son of Joah, and one of the Levites who assisted in reforming the public worship of the sanctuary in the time of Hezekiah (2 Chronicles 29:12).

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
(n.) The garden where Adam and Eve first dwelt; hence, a delightful region or residence.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
CHILDREN OF EDEN

e'-d'-n (bene `edhen): In 2 Kings 19:12 Isaiah 37:12 "the children of Eden that were in Telassar" are mentioned in connection with "Gozan, and Haran, and Rezeph" as having been destroyed by the Assyrians who were before the time of Sennacherib. The expression, "the children of Eden that were in Telassar," undoubtedly referred to a tribe which inhabited a region of which Telassar was the center. Telassar means "the hill of Asshur" and, according to Schrader, it was a name that might have been given to any place where a temple had been built to Asshur. Inasmuch as Gozan, and Haran, and Rezeph were in Mesopotamia it would seem probable that "the children of Eden that were in Telassar" belonged to the same locality. The "children of Eden" is quite probably to be identified with the Bit `Adini of the inscriptions and this referred to a district on the middle Euphrates. According to the inscriptions Gozan, Haran, Rezeph, and Bit `Adini were destroyed by Sennacherib's forefathers, and this is in accord with the account in 2 Kings and Isaiah.

The "Eden" of Ezekiel 27:23 is usually taken as the name of a place in Mesopotamia with which Tyre had commercial relations, and probably belongs to the region of "the chilrden of Eden," discussed above.

Some writers think the "Beth-eden" of Amos 1:5 the Revised Version, margin (the American Standard Revised Version "Aven") is to be identified with the Bit `Adini of the inscriptions and hence, with "the children of Eden," but this is doubtful. This was perhaps in Syria in the neighborhood of Damascus.

A. W. Fortune

EDEN

e'-d'-n (`edhen, "delight"; Edem):

(1) The land in which "Yahweh God planted a garden," where upon his creation "he put the man whom he had formed" (Genesis 2:8).

In the Assyrian inscriptions idinu (Accadian, edin) means "plain" and it is from this that the Biblical word is probably derived. Following are the references to Eden in the Bible, aside from those in Genesis 2 and 3: Genesis 4:16 Isaiah 51:3 Ezekiel 28:13; Ezekiel 31:9, 16, 18; 36:35 Joel 2:3. EDEN, HOUSE OF

See AVEN; BETH-EDEN; CHILDREN OF EDEN.

EDEN, CHILDREN OF

See CHILDREN OF EDEN.

RIVERS OF EDEN

See EDEN (1).

Greek
3857. paradeisos -- a park, a garden, a paradise
... paradise. Of Oriental origin (compare pardec); a park, ie (specially), an Eden
(place of future happiness, "paradise") -- paradise. see HEBREW pardec. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/3857.htm - 6k
Strong's Hebrew
5731. Eden -- the garden home of Adam and Eve
... 5730b, 5731. Eden. 5732 . the garden home of Adam and Eve. Transliteration:
Eden Phonetic Spelling: (ay'-den) Short Definition: Eden. ...
/hebrew/5731.htm - 6k

1040. Beth Eden -- "house of pleasure," a place in Aram (Syria)
Beth Eden. 1039, 1040. Beth Eden. 1041 . "house of pleasure," a place
in Aram (Syria). Transliteration: Beth Eden Phonetic Spelling ...
/hebrew/1040.htm - 6k

5729. Eden -- a territory conquered by Assyr.
... 5728, 5729. Eden. 5730 . a territory conquered by Assyr. Transliteration:
Eden Phonetic Spelling: (eh'-den) Short Definition: Eden. ...
/hebrew/5729.htm - 6k

5730b. Eden -- a Levite
... Eden. 5731 . a Levite. Transliteration: Eden Short Definition: Eden. Word Origin
from the same as eden Definition a Levite NASB Word Usage Eden (2). ...
/hebrew/5730b.htm - 5k

5730. eden -- a luxury, dainty, delight
... 5729, 5730. eden. 5730a . a luxury, dainty, delight. Transliteration: eden
Phonetic Spelling: (ay'-den) Short Definition: delicate. ... See also Beyth 'Eden. ...
/hebrew/5730.htm - 5k

134. eden -- a base, pedestal
... 133, 134. eden. 135 . a base, pedestal. Transliteration: eden Phonetic Spelling:
(eh'-den) Short Definition: sockets. ... 133, 134. eden. 135 . Strong's Numbers
/hebrew/134.htm - 6k

5730a. eden -- a luxury, dainty, delight
... 5730, 5730a. eden. 5730b . a luxury, dainty, delight. Transliteration: eden
Short Definition: delicacies. ... 5730, 5730a. eden. 5730b . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/5730a.htm - 5k

6376. Pishon -- one of the rivers of Eden
... 6375, 6376. Pishon. 6377 . one of the rivers of Eden. Transliteration: Pishon
Phonetic Spelling: (pee-shone') Short Definition: Pishon. ...
/hebrew/6376.htm - 6k

1521. Gichon -- "a bursting forth," one of the rivers of Eden ...
... 1520, 1521. Gichon. 1522 . "a bursting forth," one of the rivers of Eden,
also a spring near Jer. Transliteration: Gichon Phonetic ...
/hebrew/1521.htm - 6k

2051. Vedan -- a place of unknown location
... Dan also. Perhaps for eden; Vedan (or Aden), a place in Arabia -- Dan also. see
HEBREW eden. 2050, 2051. Vedan. 2052 . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/2051.htm - 6k

Library

Back to Eden.
... The Plan for Jesus' Coming Back to Eden. The effect upon all the nations of
the earth is a large part of the background of the picture. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/gordon/quiet talks about jesus/back to eden.htm

Eden Lost and Restored
... GENESIS EDEN LOST AND RESTORED. ... Better is the end of a thing than the beginning.'
Eden was fair, but the heavenly city shall be fairer. ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture k/eden lost and restored.htm

The Early Eden Picture.
... The Purpose in Jesus' Coming The Early Eden Picture. But one will never
get to understand this Jesus until he gets a good look at ...
/.../gordon/quiet talks about jesus/the early eden picture.htm

Outside the Eden Gate.
... The Purpose in Jesus' Coming Outside the Eden Gate. ... Both have their hinges in the
will, the heart. Man gave both doors a slam shut that day in Eden. ...
/.../christianbookshelf.org/gordon/quiet talks about jesus/outside the eden gate.htm

No Longer Now at Eden's Gate
... No longer now at Eden's gate. tr., John Brownlie 8,6,8,6. kai ten phloginen rhomphaian.
(kontakion). I. No longer now at Eden's gate. The fiery weapon gleams,. ...
/.../brownlie/hymns of the greek church/no longer now at edens.htm

The Voice that Breathed O'er Eden
... SACRAMENTS AND RITES Holy Matrimony 383. The voice that breathed o'er Eden.
7.6.7.6 ... Melchior Vulpius, c.1609. John Keble, 1857. The voice that breathed o'er ...
/.../holy matrimony 383 the voice.htm

God Spelling Himself Out in Jesus.
... He left home. He left his native land, Eden, where he lived with God. ... He is the
A and the Z, and all between, of the Old Eden language of love. ...
/.../gordon/quiet talks about jesus/god spelling himself out in.htm

On Fruit Bearing.
... language is found in Isa.51:3: "For the Lord shall comfort Zion: he will comfort
all her waste places; and he will make her wilderness like Eden, and her ...
/.../orr/food for the lambs or helps for young christians/on fruit bearing.htm

Matthew xxii. 32
... Thus, in the account given of the fall of man, the sentence of death and of being
cast out of Eden go together; and if any one compares the description of the ...
/.../arnold/the christian life/lecture xix matthew xxii 32.htm

Appendix 2 the Case of Adam
... When Adam was placed in Eden he stood there as our representative, so that what
he did is reckoned to the account of each for whom he acted. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/pink/the sovereignty of god/appendix 2 the case of.htm

Thesaurus
Eden (19 Occurrences)
... 31 degrees, which is a very rich and fertile tract, has been by the most competent
authorities agreed on as the probable site of Eden. ... CHILDREN OF EDEN. ...
/e/eden.htm - 28k

Beth-eden (1 Occurrence)
Beth-eden. Betheden, Beth-eden. Beth-eked . Int. ... BETH-EDEN. beth-e'-den (Amos
1:5 King James Version, margin; English Versions of the Bible "house of Eden") ...
/b/beth-eden.htm - 7k

Telassar (2 Occurrences)
... Meaning: This city, which is referred to by Sennacherib's messengers to Hezekiah,
is stated by them to have been inhabited by the "children of Eden." It had ...
/t/telassar.htm - 9k

Gihon (6 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary A stream. (1.) One of the four rivers of Eden (Genesis
2:13). It has been identified with the Nile. ... (see EDEN.). ...
/g/gihon.htm - 16k

Canneh (1 Occurrence)
... CANNEH. kan'-e (kanneh; Chanaa): Mentioned in Ezekiel 27:23 in connection with Haran
and Eden as one of the places with which Tyre had commercial relations. ...
/c/canneh.htm - 8k

Paradise (6 Occurrences)
... A Persian word (pardes), properly meaning a "pleasure-ground" or "park" or "king's
garden." (see EDEN.) It came in course of time to be used as a name for the ...
/p/paradise.htm - 16k

Nod (2 Occurrences)
... It lay on the east of Eden. ... nod (nodh): The land of Eden, to which Cain migrated
after the murder of his brother and his banishment by Yahweh (Genesis 4:16). ...
/n/nod.htm - 8k

Nether (19 Occurrences)
... I made the nations to shake at the sound of his fall, when I cast him down to hell
with them that descend into the pit: and all the trees of Eden, the choice ...
/n/nether.htm - 12k

Rezeph (2 Occurrences)
... surrender of Jerusalem. The names which precede are Gozan and Haran; and
"the children of Eden that were Telassar" follows. 2. Now ...
/r/rezeph.htm - 9k

Elohim (38 Occurrences)
... soul. (DBY). Genesis 2:8 And Jehovah Elohim planted a garden in Eden eastward,
and there put Man whom he had formed. (DBY). Genesis ...
/e/elohim.htm - 18k

Bible Concordance
Eden (19 Occurrences)

Genesis 2:8 Yahweh God planted a garden eastward, in Eden, and there he put the man whom he had formed.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Genesis 2:10 A river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from there it was parted, and became four heads.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Genesis 2:15 Yahweh God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Genesis 3:23 Therefore Yahweh God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from which he was taken.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Genesis 3:24 So he drove out the man; and he placed Cherubs at the east of the garden of Eden, and the flame of a sword which turned every way, to guard the way to the tree of life.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Genesis 4:16 Cain went out from Yahweh's presence, and lived in the land of Nod, east of Eden.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

2 Kings 19:12 Have the gods of the nations delivered them, which my fathers have destroyed, Gozan, and Haran, and Rezeph, and the children of Eden that were in Telassar?
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

2 Chronicles 29:12 Then the Levites arose, Mahath, the son of Amasai, and Joel the son of Azariah, of the sons of the Kohathites; and of the sons of Merari, Kish the son of Abdi, and Azariah the son of Jehallelel; and of the Gershonites, Joah the son of Zimmah, and Eden the son of Joah;
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

2 Chronicles 31:15 Under him were Eden, and Miniamin, and Jeshua, and Shemaiah, Amariah, and Shecaniah, in the cities of the priests, in their office of trust, to give to their brothers by divisions, as well to the great as to the small:
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Isaiah 37:12 Have the gods of the nations delivered them, which my fathers have destroyed, Gozan, Haran, Rezeph, and the children of Eden who were in Telassar?
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Isaiah 51:3 For Yahweh has comforted Zion; he has comforted all her waste places, and has made her wilderness like Eden, and her desert like the garden of Yahweh; joy and gladness shall be found therein, thanksgiving, and the voice of melody.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Ezekiel 27:23 Haran and Canneh and Eden, the traffickers of Sheba, Asshur and Chilmad, were your traffickers.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Ezekiel 28:13 You were in Eden, the garden of God; every precious stone adorned you: ruby, topaz, emerald, chrysolite, onyx, jasper, sapphire, turquoise, and beryl. Gold work of tambourines and of pipes was in you. In the day that you were created they were prepared.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Ezekiel 31:9 I made it beautiful by the multitude of its branches, so that all the trees of Eden, that were in the garden of God, envied it.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Ezekiel 31:16 I made the nations to shake at the sound of his fall, when I cast him down to Sheol with those who descend into the pit; and all the trees of Eden, the choice and best of Lebanon, all that drink water, were comforted in the lower parts of the earth.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Ezekiel 31:18 To whom are you thus like in glory and in greatness among the trees of Eden? yet you will be brought down with the trees of Eden to the lower parts of the earth: you shall lie in the midst of the uncircumcised, with those who are slain by the sword. This is Pharaoh and all his multitude, says the Lord Yahweh.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Ezekiel 36:35 They shall say, This land that was desolate is become like the garden of Eden; and the waste and desolate and ruined cities are fortified and inhabited.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Joel 2:3 A fire devours before them, and behind them, a flame burns. The land is as the garden of Eden before them, and behind them, a desolate wilderness. Yes, and no one has escaped them.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Amos 1:5 I will break the bar of Damascus, and cut off the inhabitant from the valley of Aven, and him who holds the scepter from the house of Eden; and the people of Syria shall go into captivity to Kir," says Yahweh.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Subtopics

Eden

Eden: A Gershonite

Eden: A Levite

Eden: A Marketplace of Costly Merchandise

Eden: The Garden of Eden

Related Terms

Beth-eden (1 Occurrence)

Telassar (2 Occurrences)

Gihon (6 Occurrences)

Canneh (1 Occurrence)

Paradise (6 Occurrences)

Nod (2 Occurrences)

Nether (19 Occurrences)

Rezeph (2 Occurrences)

Elohim (38 Occurrences)

Betheden

Rivers (81 Occurrences)

Cush (31 Occurrences)

Garden (68 Occurrences)

Liest (13 Occurrences)

Gozan (5 Occurrences)

Tigris (2 Occurrences)

Thelassar (2 Occurrences)

Tel-assar (2 Occurrences)

Tel (5 Occurrences)

Enoch (18 Occurrences)

Pison (1 Occurrence)

Causeth (209 Occurrences)

Cherub (21 Occurrences)

Cultivate (11 Occurrences)

Assar (3 Occurrences)

Revelation (52 Occurrences)

Below (52 Occurrences)

Cherubim (63 Occurrences)

Compared (29 Occurrences)

Hordes (24 Occurrences)

Haran (19 Occurrences)

Cain (18 Occurrences)

East (228 Occurrences)

Lower (72 Occurrences)

Beneath (73 Occurrences)

Unpeopled (38 Occurrences)

Eder (6 Occurrences)

Bikath-aven (1 Occurrence)

Uncircumcised (48 Occurrences)

Pierced (63 Occurrences)

Old (3966 Occurrences)

River (189 Occurrences)

Placed (297 Occurrences)

Children

Majesty (67 Occurrences)

Comforted (56 Occurrences)

House (20110 Occurrences)

Adam (29 Occurrences)

Splendor (87 Occurrences)

Ruins (84 Occurrences)

Equal (70 Occurrences)

Testament (13 Occurrences)

Greatness (63 Occurrences)

Quake (23 Occurrences)

Zimmah (3 Occurrences)

Ko'hathites (19 Occurrences)

Kohathite (18 Occurrences)

Kilmad (1 Occurrence)

Onyx (16 Occurrences)

Jehal'lelel (2 Occurrences)

Jasper (8 Occurrences)

Joah (10 Occurrences)

Jehalleleel (2 Occurrences)

Jeshua (30 Occurrences)

Jehallelel (2 Occurrences)

Jo'el (19 Occurrences)

Jehalelel (1 Occurrence)

Jo'ah (8 Occurrences)

Libraries

Lapis (3 Occurrences)

Living-place (83 Occurrences)

Lazuli (3 Occurrences)

Locust (25 Occurrences)

Gershonite (14 Occurrences)

Gardens (14 Occurrences)

Wastes (33 Occurrences)

Well-watered (6 Occurrences)

Winged (69 Occurrences)

Watering (21 Occurrences)

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