Job 3:23
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Why is life given to a man whose way is hidden, whom God has hedged in?

New Living Translation
Why is life given to those with no future, those God has surrounded with difficulties?

English Standard Version
Why is light given to a man whose way is hidden, whom God has hedged in?

New American Standard Bible
"Why is light given to a man whose way is hidden, And whom God has hedged in?

King James Bible
Why is light given to a man whose way is hid, and whom God hath hedged in?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Why is life given to a man whose path is hidden, whom God has hedged in?

International Standard Version
To the formerly successful man who lost his way in life, and God fenced him in?

NET Bible
Why is light given to a man whose way is hidden, and whom God has hedged in?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Why give light to those whose paths have been hidden, to those whom God has fenced in?

Jubilee Bible 2000
to the man who does not know which way he goes and whom God has hedged in?

King James 2000 Bible
Why is light given to a man whose way is hid, and whom God has hedged in?

American King James Version
Why is light given to a man whose way is hid, and whom God has hedged in?

American Standard Version
Why is light given to a man whose way is hid, And whom God hath hedged in?

Douay-Rheims Bible
To a man whose way is hidden, and God hath surrounded him with darkness?

Darby Bible Translation
To the man whose way is hidden, and whom +God hath hedged in?

English Revised Version
Why is light given to a man whose way is hid, and whom God hath hedged in?

Webster's Bible Translation
Why is light given to a man whose way is hid, and whom God hath hedged in?

World English Bible
Why is light given to a man whose way is hidden, whom God has hedged in?

Young's Literal Translation
To a man whose way hath been hidden, And whom God doth shut up?
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

3:20-26 Job was like a man who had lost his way, and had no prospect of escape, or hope of better times. But surely he was in an ill frame for death when so unwilling to live. Let it be our constant care to get ready for another world, and then leave it to God to order our removal thither as he thinks fit. Grace teaches us in the midst of life's greatest comforts, to be willing to die, and in the midst of its greatest crosses, to be willing to live. Job's way was hid; he knew not wherefore God contended with him. The afflicted and tempted Christian knows something of this heaviness; when he has been looking too much at the things that are seen, some chastisement of his heavenly Father will give him a taste of this disgust of life, and a glance at these dark regions of despair. Nor is there any help until God shall restore to him the joys of his salvation. Blessed be God, the earth is full of his goodness, though full of man's wickedness. This life may be made tolerable if we attend to our duty. We look for eternal mercy, if willing to receive Christ as our Saviour.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 23. - Why is light given to a man whose way is hid? "Obscured," that is, "darkened," "placed under a cloud" (comp. ver. 20, where the sentiment is nearly the same). And whom God hath hedged in. Not in the way of protection, as in Job 1:10, but of obstruction and confinement: (comp. Job 19:8 and Hosea 2:6). Job feels himself confined, imprisoned, blocked in. He can neither see the path which he ought to pursue nor take steps in any direction.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Why is light given to a man whose way is hid,.... Some of the Jewish writers connect this with Job 3:22, thus; "who rejoice and are glad when they find a grave for a man", &c. but it should be observed that such are said to rejoice at finding a grave, not for others, but for themselves; the words stand in better connection with Job 3:20, from whence the supplement is taken in our version and others; and so it is a continuation or repetition of the expostulation why light and life, or the light of the living, should be given to persons as before described, and here more largely; and Job himself is principally designed, as is generally thought, whose way, according to him, was hid from the Lord, neglected and not cared for by him but overlooked and slighted, and no regard had to the injuries done him, as the church also complains, Isaiah 40:27; or front whom the way of the Lord was hid; his way in the present afflictive dispensations of Providence, the causes and reasons of which he could not understand; not being conscious of any notorious sin committed, indulged, and continued in, that should bring these troubles on him: or the good and right way was hid from him in which he should walk; he was at a loss to know which was that way, since by his afflictions he was ready to conclude that the way he had been walking in was not the right, and all his religion was in vain; and according to this sense he laboured under the same temptation as Asaph did, Psalm 73:13; or his way of escape out of his present troubles was unknown to him; he saw no way open for him, but shut up on every side: or there was no way for others to come to him, at least they cared not for it; he who had used to have a large levee, some to have his counsel and advice, and to be instructed by him, others to ask relief of him, and many of the highest rank and figure to visit, caress, and compliment him; but now all had forsaken him, his brethren and acquaintance, and his kinsfolk and familiar friends kept at a distance from him, as if they knew not the way to him:

and whom God hath hedged in? not with the hedge of his power, providence, and protection, as before; but with thorns and afflictions, and in such manner as he could not get out, or extricate himself; all avenues and ways of escape being blocked up, see Lamentations 3:7; though, after all, the words may be considered as a concession, and as descriptive of a man the reverse of himself, and be supplied thus; "indeed light may be given to a man", a mighty man, as the word (e) signifies, a man strong, hale, and robust; "whose way is hid", or "covered" (f); who is hid in the secret of God's presence, and in the pavilion of his power; who dwells in his secret place, and under the shadow of the Almighty, Psalm 31:20; who is under the shelter of his providence, preserved from diseases of body, and protected from the plunder and depredations of enemies, and enjoys great affluence and prosperity, as his three friends about him did, and whom he may point at: "and whom God hath hedged in"; as he had formerly set a hedge about him in his providence, though now he had plucked it up; see Job 1:10.

(e) "emphatice ponitur saepe, ut notetur praepollentia", Coccei. Lexic in rad (f) "tecta", Cocceius; "velo septa est", Schultens.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

23. whose way is hid—The picture of Job is drawn from a wanderer who has lost his way, and who is hedged in, so as to have no exit of escape (Ho 2:6; La 3:7, 9).

Job 3:23 Additional Commentaries
Context
Job Laments his Birth
22Who rejoice greatly, And exult when they find the grave? 23"Why is light given to a man whose way is hidden, And whom God has hedged in? 24"For my groaning comes at the sight of my food, And my cries pour out like water.…
Cross References
Job 3:22
who are filled with gladness and rejoice when they reach the grave?

Job 19:6
then know that God has wronged me and drawn his net around me.

Job 19:8
He has blocked my way so I cannot pass; he has shrouded my paths in darkness.

Psalm 88:8
You have taken from me my closest friends and have made me repulsive to them. I am confined and cannot escape;

Lamentations 3:7
He has walled me in so I cannot escape; he has weighed me down with chains.
Treasury of Scripture

Why is light given to a man whose way is hid, and whom God has hedged in?

whose way.

Isaiah 40:27 Why say you, O Jacob, and speak, O Israel, My way is hid from the …

hedged in.

Job 12:14 Behold, he breaks down, and it cannot be built again: he shuts up …

Job 19:8 He has fenced up my way that I cannot pass, and he has set darkness in my paths.

Psalm 31:8 And have not shut me up into the hand of the enemy: you have set …

Lamentations 3:7,9 He has hedged me about, that I cannot get out: he has made my chain heavy…

Hosea 2:6 Therefore, behold, I will hedge up your way with thorns, and make …

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