Job 28:19
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
The topaz of Cush cannot compare with it; it cannot be bought with pure gold.

New Living Translation
Precious peridot from Ethiopia cannot be exchanged for it. It's worth more than the purest gold.

English Standard Version
The topaz of Ethiopia cannot equal it, nor can it be valued in pure gold.

New American Standard Bible
"The topaz of Ethiopia cannot equal it, Nor can it be valued in pure gold.

King James Bible
The topaz of Ethiopia shall not equal it, neither shall it be valued with pure gold.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Topaz from Cush cannot compare with it, and it cannot be valued in pure gold.

International Standard Version
It can neither be compared with the topaz of Ethiopia nor valued in comparison to pure gold."

NET Bible
The topaz of Cush cannot be compared with it; it cannot be purchased with pure gold.

New Heart English Bible
The topaz of Ethiopia shall not equal it, Neither shall it be valued with pure gold.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Topaz from Ethiopia cannot equal its value. It cannot be bought for [any amount of] pure gold.

JPS Tanakh 1917
The topaz of Ethiopia shall not equal it, Neither shall it be valued with pure gold.

New American Standard 1977
“The topaz of Ethiopia cannot equal it,
            Nor can it be valued in pure gold.

Jubilee Bible 2000
The emerald of Ethiopia shall not equal it, neither shall it be valued with pure gold.

King James 2000 Bible
The topaz of Ethiopia shall not equal it, neither shall it be valued with pure gold.

American King James Version
The topaz of Ethiopia shall not equal it, neither shall it be valued with pure gold.

American Standard Version
The topaz of Ethiopia shall not equal it, Neither shall it be valued with pure gold.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The topaz of Ethiopia shall not be equal to it, neither shall it be compared to the cleanest dyeing.

Darby Bible Translation
The topaz of Ethiopia shall not be compared to it, neither shall it be set in the balance with pure gold.

English Revised Version
The topaz of Ethiopia shall not equal it, neither shall it be valued with pure gold.

Webster's Bible Translation
The topaz of Cush shall not equal it, neither shall it be valued with pure gold.

World English Bible
The topaz of Ethiopia shall not equal it, Neither shall it be valued with pure gold.

Young's Literal Translation
Not equal it doth the topaz of Cush, With pure gold it is not valued.
Study Bible
Wisdom an Excellent Gift of God
18"Coral and crystal are not to be mentioned; And the acquisition of wisdom is above that of pearls. 19"The topaz of Ethiopia cannot equal it, Nor can it be valued in pure gold. 20"Where then does wisdom come from? And where is the place of understanding?…
Cross References
Proverbs 8:19
"My fruit is better than gold, even pure gold, And my yield better than choicest silver.

Job 28:20
"Where then does wisdom come from? And where is the place of understanding?
Treasury of Scripture

The topaz of Ethiopia shall not equal it, neither shall it be valued with pure gold.

topaz

Exodus 28:17 And you shall set in it settings of stones, even four rows of stones: …

Exodus 39:10 And they set in it four rows of stones: the first row was a sardius, …

Ezekiel 28:13 You have been in Eden the garden of God; every precious stone was …

Revelation 21:20 The fifth, sardonyx; the sixth, sardius; the seventh, chrysolyte; the eighth…

Verse 19. - The topaz of Ethiopia shall not equal it. It is generally allowed that the pithdath (פִטְדַת) is either the "topaz" or the "chrysolite." In favour of its being the chrysolite is the passage of Pliny which mentions its being esteemed for its green tints ('Hist. Nat.,' 37:8). Otherwise "topaz" might have appeared to be the best rendering. By "Cush," here translated "Ethiopia," is probably meant Cushite Arabia, or the southern and south-eastern regions (see the author's 'Origin of Nations,' pp. 206-209). Neither shall it be valued with pare gold. Of the four words used for "gold" in this passage (vers. 15-17), one (זהב) seems to be the common name, and to designate the metal by its coleus, "yellow," since צָהַב means "to be yellow" Another (סָגוּר) means properly "what is treasured," or "shut up," from סָגַר, "to shut." The third (פַז) seems to be the name for "native gold," or that found in river-washings and nuggets, which was regarded as the purest. The fourth (כֶּחֶם) is a poetical name only, and designates gold of extreme purity (Song of Solomon 5:11), whether highly refined or native. Job uses them all, to show that there was no gold of any kind wherewith it was possible to purchase wisdom. The topaz of Ethiopia shall not equal it,.... Not Ethiopia Abyssinia, or that which lies beyond Egypt in Africa; for, as Ludolphus (x) says, there are no gems found there, or very rarely; but Cush, as the word is, or Arabia Chusaea, the same with the country of Midian, and the parts adjacent; see Habakkuk 3:7; hence Zipporah, the wife of Moses, who was of that country, is called an Ethiopian woman, Numbers 12:1; and this was near Job's country, who knew the produce of it; and here the topaz is found, as many writers observe. Diodorus Siculus says (y), in Ophiodes, an island in the Arabian gulf, belonging to the Troglodytes, the topaz is found, which is a very clear stone, pleasant to the sight, like to glass, and affording a wonderful golden colour; and with him Strabo (z) agrees, who relates there is an island called Ophiodes, from its being freed from serpents by the king's orders, which killed men that came there for topazes; which, he says, is a clear stone of a golden colour, and so refulgent, that it is not easy to see it in the daytime, being so surrounded with light; but at night it is seen by those that gather it, who set a vessel for a sign, and then dig for it in the daytime; and, he adds, a multitude of men are hired by the kings of Egypt, to gather and keep these stones, and men from stealing them; and, according to Archelaus (a), the topaz is found in Chitis, an island in Arabia, where the Troglodytes digging for herbs and roots find it; and, as Juba relates (b), there is an island called Topazion, in the Red sea, three hundred furlongs (about 73 miles) from the continent, which is cloudy, and is therefore often sought for by navigators; whence he says it had its name Topazion, which in the language of the Troglodytes signifies to seek, and the topaz itself in their language so signifies; in the Samaritan version of Exodus 39:10; it is called Dachetah, from the Arabic word (c) "Dachatz", the language of the Troglodytes, which signifies to seek and search by removing the earth with the foot. This island seems to be the same with Topazos, which Pliny (d) says is an island of the Arabians, and gave name to a gem, meaning the topaz; but the truth rather is, that the gem gave name to the island: upon the whole, it is no wonder, as Braunius (e) observes, that this gem should be called by Job the Arabian topaz. The Targum here calls it a green pearl; and some have thought the emerald is meant, which is of that colour; and the emeralds of Ethiopia are praised by some, according to Juba (f); and in Egypt were emerald mines the Ethiopians laid a claim to (g); and there were emeralds also in Arabia, as the above Juba relates; however, be this what it may, as it is most likely to be the topaz, it is not equal in value to wisdom, no, not the largest topaz ever known; not even that of the great Mogul, which weighs more than an hundred fifty seven carats, valued at 271,500 French pounds (h); and according to Tavernier (i) it weighs almost an hundred fifty eight carats, and was bought at Goa for almost 272,000 florins:

neither shall it be valued with pure gold; that is most refined and freed from dross; they are not to be laid together as of equal value; See Gill on Job 28:16, where the same word is used.

(x) Hist. Ethiop. l. 1. c. 7. (y) Bibliothec. l. 3. p. 172. (z) Geograph. l. 16. p. 529. (a) Apud Plin. Nat. Hist. l. 37. c. 8. (b) Apud ib. (c) Vid. Castel. Lex. Heptaglott. col. 686, 693. (d) Nat. Hist. l. 6. c. 29. (e) De Vest. Sacerdot. Heb. p. 649. (f) Apud Plin. Nat. Hist. l. 37. c. 5. (g) Heliodor. Ethiop. l. 8. 1. & 9. 6. (h) Scheuchzer. Physic. Sacr p. 747. (i) Apud Braunium de Vest. Sacerdot. Heb. p. 649, 650. 19. Ethiopia—Cush in the Hebrew. Either Ethiopia, or the south of Arabia, near the Tigris.28:12-19 Job here speaks of wisdom and understanding, the knowing and enjoying of God and ourselves. Its worth is infinitely more than all the riches in this world. It is a gift of the Holy Ghost which cannot be bought with money. Let that which is most precious in God's account, be so in ours. Job asks after it as one that truly desired to find it, and despaired of finding it any where but in God; any way but by Divine revelation.
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