Genesis 23:20
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
So the field and the cave in it were deeded to Abraham by the Hittites as a burial site.

New Living Translation
So the field and the cave were transferred from the Hittites to Abraham for use as a permanent burial place.

English Standard Version
The field and the cave that is in it were made over to Abraham as property for a burying place by the Hittites.

New American Standard Bible
So the field and the cave that is in it, were deeded over to Abraham for a burial site by the sons of Heth.

King James Bible
And the field, and the cave that is therein, were made sure unto Abraham for a possession of a buryingplace by the sons of Heth.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The field with its cave passed from the Hittites to Abraham as a burial place.

International Standard Version
And so the field with its cave was deeded by the Hittites to Abraham as a burial site.

NET Bible
So Abraham secured the field and the cave that was in it as a burial site from the sons of Heth.

New Heart English Bible
The field, and the cave that is in it, were deeded to Abraham for a possession of a burying place by the children of Heth.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
So the field and its cave were sold by the Hittites to Abraham as his property to be used as a tomb.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the field, and the cave that is therein, were made sure unto Abraham for a possession of a burying-place by the children of Heth.

New American Standard 1977
So the field, and the cave that is in it, were deeded over to Abraham for a burial site by the sons of Heth.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the field and the cave that is therein were made sure unto Abraham for a possession of a buryingplace by the sons of Heth.

King James 2000 Bible
And the field, and the cave that is therein, were made over to Abraham for a possession of a burying place by the sons of Heth.

American King James Version
And the field, and the cave that is therein, were made sure to Abraham for a possession of a burial plot by the sons of Heth.

American Standard Version
And the field, and the cave that is therein, were made sure unto Abraham for a possession of a burying-place by the children of Heth.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the field was made sure to Abraham, and the cave that was in it, for a possession to bury in, by the children of Heth.

Darby Bible Translation
And the field and the cave that was in it were assured to Abraham for a possession of a sepulchre by the sons of Heth.

English Revised Version
And the field, and the cave that is therein, were made sure unto Abraham for a possession of a buryingplace by the children of Heth.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the field, and the cave that is in it were made sure to Abraham for a possession of a burying-place, by the sons of Heth.

World English Bible
The field, and the cave that is in it, were deeded to Abraham for a possession of a burying place by the children of Heth.

Young's Literal Translation
and established are the field, and the cave which is in it, to Abraham for a possession of a burying-place, from the sons of Heth.
Study Bible
The Death and Burial of Sarah
19After this, Abraham buried Sarah his wife in the cave of the field at Machpelah facing Mamre (that is, Hebron) in the land of Canaan. 20So the field and the cave that is in it, were deeded over to Abraham for a burial site by the sons of Heth.
Cross References
Genesis 10:15
Canaan became the father of Sidon, his firstborn, and Heth

Genesis 23:4
"I am a stranger and a sojourner among you; give me a burial site among you that I may bury my dead out of my sight."

Genesis 23:19
After this, Abraham buried Sarah his wife in the cave of the field at Machpelah facing Mamre (that is, Hebron) in the land of Canaan.

Jeremiah 32:10
"I signed and sealed the deed, and called in witnesses, and weighed out the silver on the scales.
Treasury of Scripture

And the field, and the cave that is therein, were made sure to Abraham for a possession of a burial plot by the sons of Heth.

were.

Ruth 4:7-10 Now this was the manner in former time in Israel concerning redeeming …

2 Samuel 24:24 And the king said to Araunah, No; but I will surely buy it of you at a price…

Jeremiah 32:10,11 And I subscribed the evidence, and sealed it, and took witnesses, …

for a.

Genesis 25:9 And his sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah, …

Genesis 49:31,32 There they buried Abraham and Sarah his wife; there they buried Isaac …

Genesis 50:5,13,24,25 My father made me swear, saying, See, I die: in my grave which I …

2 Kings 21:18 And Manasseh slept with his fathers, and was buried in the garden …

(20) Were made sure unto Abraham.--For the difficulties connected with St. Stephen's apparent confusion of this transaction with that recorded in Genesis 33:19, see Note on Acts 7:16.

Verse 20. - And the field, and the cave that is therein, were made sure unto Abraham for a possession of a burying-place by the sons of Heth. The palpable discrepancy between the statements of the Hebrew historian in this chapter concerning the patriarchal sepulcher and those of the Christian orator when addressing the Jewish Sanhedrim (Acts 7:16) has been well characterized as praegravis quaedam et perardua, et quorundam judicio inextricabilis quaestio (Pererius). Of course the Gordian knot of difficulty may be very readily cut by boldly asserting that a mistake has been committed somewhere; either by Stephen, the original speaker, under the impulse of emotion confounding the two entirely different stories of Abraham's purchase of Machpelah and Jacob's buying of the field near Shechem (Beds, Clarke, Lange, Kalisch, Alford, and others); or by Luke, the first recorder of the Martyr's Apology, who wrote not the ipsissima verba of the speech, but simply his own recollection of them (Jerome); or by some subsequent transcriber who had tampered with the original text, as, e.g., inserting Αβραὰμ, which Luke and Stephen both had omitted, as the nominative to ὠνήσατο (Beza, Calvin, Bishop Pearce). The Just of these hypotheses would not indeed be fatal to the Inspiration of the record; but the claims of either Luke or Stephen to be authoritative teachers on the subject of religion would be somewhat hard to maintain if it once were admitted that they had blundered on a plain point in their own national history. And yet it is doubtful if any of the proposed solutions of the problem is perfectly satisfactory; such as

(1) that the two purchases of Abraham and Jacob are here intentionally, for the sake of brevity, compressed into one account (Bengel, Pererius, Willet, Hughes); or

(2) that Abraham bought two graves, one at Hebron of Ephron the Hittite, as recorded by Moses, and another at Shechem of the sons of Hamor the father of Shechem (Words. worth); or

(3) that the words "which Abraham bought for a sum of money" should be regarded as a parenthesis, and the sentence read as intimating that Jacob and the fathers were carried over into Shechem, and (afterwards) by the sons of Hamor the lather of Shechem interred in Abraham's sepulcher at Hebron (Cajetan). Obvious difficulties attach to each of them; but the facts shine out clear enough in spite of the encompassing obscurity, viz., that Abraham bought a tomb at Hebron, in which first the dust of Sarah was deposited, and to which afterwards the bodies of himself, Isaac and Rebekah, Jacob and Leah were consigned, while Joseph and the twelve patriarchs, who all died in Egypt, were brought over to the promised land and buried in Jacob's field at Shechem.



And the field, and the cave that is therein, was made sure to Abraham for a possession of a buryingplace, by the sons of Heth. Who were witnesses of the transaction between Abraham and Ephron; and this was further made sure by Sarah's being buried in it, which was taking possession of it, for the use for which it was bought; and was a pledge and earnest of the future possession of the land of Canaan by the seed of Abraham: this was the first piece of ground in it possessed by Abraham and his seed; and it being called the possession of a buryingplace, shows that there is no contradiction between this and what Stephen says, Acts 7:5; he had a possession to bury in, but not to live upon; not any ground of his own to till and sow, or build upon. 23:14-20 Prudence, as well as justice, directs us to be fair and open in our dealings; cheating bargains will not bear the light. Abraham, without fraud or delay, pays the money. He pays it at once in full, without keeping any part back; and by weight, current money with the merchant, without deceit. See how anciently money was used for the help of trade, and how honestly it should be paid when it is due. Though all the land of Canaan was Abraham by promise, yet the time of his possessing it not being come, what he had occasion for he bought and paid for. Dominion is not founded in grace. The saints' title to an eternal inheritance does not entitle them to the possessions of this world, nor justify them in doing wrong. Ephron honestly and fairly makes a good title to the land. As that which is bought, must be honestly paid for, so that which is sold, must be honestly delivered and secured. Let us manage our concerns with punctuality and exactness, in order to avoid contention. Abraham buried Sarah in cave. or vault, which was in the purchased field. It would tend to endear the land to his posterity. And it is worth noting, that a burying-place was the only piece of the land which Abraham possessed in Canaan. Those who have least of this earth, find a grave in it. This sepulchre was at the end of the field; whatever our possessions are, there is a burial-place at the end of them. It was a token of his belief and expectation of the resurrection. Abraham is contented to be still a pilgrim while he lives, but secures a place where, when he dies, his flesh may rest in hope. After all, the chief concern is, with whom we shall rise.
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