Wolf
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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
WOLF

woolf

(1) ze'ebh (Genesis 49:27; 11:06; 65:25:00; Jeremiah 5:6; Ezekiel 22:27; Habakkuk 1:8; Zechariah 3:3; also as proper name, Zeeb, prince of Midian, Judges 7:25; Judges 8:3 Psalm 83:11); compare Arabic dhi'b, colloquial dhib, or dib;

(2) lukos (Matthew 7:15; Matthew 10:16 Luke 10:3 John 10:12 Acts 20:29; Ecclesiasticus 13:17; compare 2 Esdras 5:18, lupus);

(3) 'iyim, the Revised Version (British and American) "wolves" (Isaiah 13:22; Isaiah 34:14 Jeremiah 50:39):

While the wolf is surpassed in size by some dogs, it is the fiercest member of the dog family (Canidae), which includes among others the jackal and the fox. Dogs, wolves and jackals are closely allied and will breed together. There is no doubt that the first dogs were domesticated wolves. While there are local varieties which some consider to be distinct species, it is allowable to regard all the wolves of both North America, Europe, and Northern Asia (except the American coyote) as members of one species, Canis lupus. The wolf of Syria and Palestine is large, light colored, and does not seem to hunt in packs. Like other wolves it is nocturnal. In Palestine it is the special enemy of the sheep and goats. This fact comes out in two of the seven passages cited from the Old Testament, in all from the New Testament, and in the two from Apocrypha. In Genesis 49:27 Benjamin is likened to a ravening wolf. In Ezekiel 22:27, and in the similar Zechariah 3:3, the eiders of Jerusalem are compared to wolves. In Jeremiah 5:6 it is a wolf that shall destroy the people of Jerusalem, and in Habakkuk 1:8 the horses of the Chaldeans "are swifter than leopards, and are more fierce than the evening wolves." Babylon and Edom (Isaiah 13:22; Isaiah 34:14 Jeremiah 50:39) are to be the haunts of 'iyim (the Revised Version (British and American) "wolves") and other wild creatures.

The name of Zeeb, prince of Midian (Judges 7:25; Judges 8:3), has its parallel in the Arabic, Dib or Dhib, which is a common name today. Such animal names are frequently given to ward off the evil eye.

See also TOTEMISM.

Alfred Ely Day

Greek
3074. lukos -- a wolf
... a wolf. Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration: lukos Phonetic Spelling:
(loo'-kos) Short Definition: a wolf, jackal Definition: a wolf, of perhaps a ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/3074.htm - 6k

5578. pseudoprophetes -- a false prophet
... properly, a false prophet; someone pretending to speak the word of the Lord (prophesy)
but in fact is phony (an imposter), acting as a wolf in sheep's clothing ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/5578.htm - 8k

Strong's Hebrew
2061. zeeb -- a wolf
... 2060, 2061. zeeb. 2062 . a wolf. Transliteration: zeeb Phonetic Spelling:
(zeh-abe') Short Definition: wolf. Word Origin from an ...
/hebrew/2061.htm - 5k

2062. Zeeb -- "wolf," a leader in Midian
... 2061, 2062. Zeeb. 2063 . "wolf," a leader in Midian. Transliteration:
Zeeb Phonetic Spelling: (zeh-abe') Short Definition: Zeeb. ...
/hebrew/2062.htm - 6k

Library

Of the Most Holy Miracle of St Francis in Taming the Fierce Wolf ...
... PART ONE. HERE BEGIN THE LITTLE FLOWERS OF SAINT FRANCIS OF ASSISI CHAPTER XXI OF
THE MOST HOLY MIRACLE OF ST FRANCIS IN TAMING THE FIERCE WOLF OF GUBBIO. ...
/.../ugolino/the little flowers of st francis of assisi/chapter xxi of the most.htm

The Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs.
... Among the tropes and prophetical benedictions on his sons, Jacob, turning to Benjamin,
said, Benjamin, a ravening wolf in the morning shall devour, and in the ...
//christianbookshelf.org/deane/pseudepigrapha/the testaments of the twelve.htm

The Origin and Growth of Law.
... Now this is the Law of the Jungle"as old and as true as the sky; And the Wolf that
shall keep it may prosper, but the Wolf that shall break it must die. ...
/...//christianbookshelf.org/kent/the making of a nation/study ix the origin and.htm

"We Found Another Equally Remarkable Man Living in a Small Hut...
... Concerning him we were told that a she-wolf was accustomed to stand near him at
dinner; and that the beast could by no means be easily deceived so as to fail ...
/.../life and writings of sulpitius severus /chapter xiv we found another.htm

Of Saint Francis
... HOW ST. FRANCIS CONVERTED THE FIERCE WOLF OF AGOBIO. What time St. Francis
abode in the city of Agobio, there appeared in the country ...
/.../wells/bible stories and religious classics/of saint francis.htm

The Good Shepherd
... If the wolf came, he would face the wolf, and though the wolf killed him, yet would
he kill the wolf, that by his death he might destroy death, and him who had ...
/.../kingsley/the good news of god/sermon xxvii the good shepherd.htm

Who are Christ's Lambs.
... It converts the wolf into a lamb and the leopard into a kid. ... You might robe
a wolf with a lamb's skin, but it would still be a wolf. ...
/.../orr/food for the lambs or helps for young christians/who are christs lambs.htm

On the Words of the Gospel, Matt. x. 16, "Behold, I Send You Forth ...
... If but one wolf come among many sheep, be they ever so many thousands, they will
all be put to confusion by one wolf in the midst of them: and though all may ...
/.../sermons on selected lessons of the new testament/sermon xiv on the words.htm

The Evil one Wailed "Where Now, is There a Place for Me to Flee to ...
... 10. For a wolf was Saul the Apostle, and on the blood of the sheep I reared
him; and he waxed strong and became a singular wolf. ...
/.../ephraim/hymns and homilies of ephraim the syrian/hymn xlii the evil one.htm

Description of the Symbol of the Hands among the Manich├Žans.
... For what harm will be done to the soul of a wolf by killing the wolf, since the
wolf, as long as it lives, will be a wolf, and will not listen to any preacher ...
/.../chapter 17 name of the.htm

Smith's Bible Dictionary
Wolf

There can be little doubt that the wolf of Palestine is the common Canis lupus , and that this is the animal so frequently mentioned in the Bible. (The wolf is a fierce animal of the same species as the dog, which it resembles. The common color is gray with a tinting of fawn, and the hair is long and black. The Syrian wolf is of lighter color than the wolf of Europe it is the dread of the shepherds of Palestine. --ED.) Wolves were doubtless far more common in biblical times than they are now, though they are occasionally seen by modern travellers. The following are the scriptural allusions to the wolf: Its ferocity is mentioned in (Genesis 49:27; Ezekiel 22:27); Habb 1:8; Matt 7:15 Its nocturnal habits, in (Jeremiah 5:6; Zephaniah 3:3); Habb 1:8 Its attacking sheep and lambs, (Matthew 10:16; Luke 10:3; John 10:12) Isaiah (Isaiah 11:6; 65:25) foretells the peaceful reign of the Messiah under the metaphor of a wolf dwelling with a lamb: cruel persecutors are compared with wolves. (Matthew 10:16; Acts 20:29)

Scripture Alphabet Of Animals
Wolf

The wolf is rather larger than our largest dogs, and looks somewhat like them; but he seems more wild, savage and cruel. The wolves go in large companies, making a terrible howling noise; and though they are in general cowardly, yet when they are very hungry they attack large animals, and even men. They almost always go out by night, and the Bible refers to this when it says, "Their horses are more fierce than the evening wolves." Jacob, just before his death, said of one of his sons, "Benjamin shall raven as a wolf; in the morning he shall devour the prey, and at evening he shall divide the spoil."

There were once a great many wolves in New England and in other parts of the United States, and some are left yet, although many have been killed or driven away. There are still great numbers of them in some countries. In England the month of January used to be called Wolf- monat, or wolf-month; "because," as an old book says, "people are wont in that moneth to be more in danger to be devoured of wolves than in any season els of the yeare, for that through the extremity of cold and snow those ravenous creatures could not find other beasts sufficient to feed upon."

A sad story is told of something that happened in Russia a few years since. A woman was one day riding on a sledge with her three children over a lonely road, when suddenly she heard the noise of wolves behind her. She was not very far from home, and tried to urge her horse on, to get out of their reach; but they gained upon her every moment, and were just on the point of rushing on the sledge, when the poor woman, to save the lives of the rest, caught up one of the children and threw it to the wolves. This stopped them but a short time; they devoured it at once and again ran howling after the sledge. The mother threw out a second child, hoping to escape with the other; but in vain. Again the cruel animals were close behind her, and to save her own life, hardly knowing what she did, she threw over her only remaining child. She succeeded in reaching home herself, in safety, but where were her children? She told the terrible story; but while she was endeavoring to excuse herself by telling of her exceeding fright and danger, a man who stood by struck her on the head with an axe and killed her at one blow-saying that a woman who would thus give up her children to save her life, was not fit to live.

The Bible tells us of a time yet to come, when "The wolf shall feed with the lamb." Perhaps this will be exactly true of the animals in those days, though it now seems so unlikely; but I suppose it means also that wicked and cruel men shall become holy and Christ-like. Then all will be peace on earth, and "none shall hurt or destroy in all" God's "holy mountain."

ATS Bible Dictionary
Wolf

A ferocious wild animal, the Canis Lupus of Linnaeus, belonging to the dog genus. Indeed, it closely resembles the dog; and it is only by a few slight differences of shape that they are distinguished. Wolves never bark, but only howl. They are cruel, but cowardly animals; they fly from man, except when impelled by hunger; in which case they prowl by night in great droves through villages, and destroy any persons they meet, Jeremiah 5:6 Ezekiel 22:27 Habakkuk 1:8.

They are swift of foot, strong enough to carry off a sheep at full speed, and an overmatch for ordinary dogs. In severe winters, wolves assemble in large troops, join in dreadful howlings, and make terrible devastation. They are the peculiar object of terror to shepherds, as the defenselessness and timidity of the sheep render it an easy prey to wolves, Luke 10:3 John 10:12. So persecutors and false teachers have been "grievous wolves" to the flock of Christ, Matthew 10:16 Acts 20:29. The wolf inhabits the continents of Europe, Asia, Africa, and America. Driven in general from the populous parts of the country, he is yet everywhere found in large forests and mountainous regions.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
Hebrews zeeb, frequently referred to in Scripture as an emblem of treachery and cruelty. Jacob's prophecy, "Benjamin shall ravin as a wolf" (Genesis 49:27), represents the warlike character of that tribe (see Judges 19-21). Isaiah represents the peace of Messiah's kingdom by the words, "The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb" (Isaiah 11:6). The habits of the wolf are described in Jeremiah 5:6; Habakkuk 1:8; Zephaniah 3:3; Ezek. 22:27; Matthew 7:15; 10:16; Acts 20:29. Wolves are still sometimes found in Palestine, and are the dread of shepherds, as of old.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (a.) Any one of several species of wild and savage carnivores belonging to the genus Canis and closely allied to the common dog. The best-known and most destructive species are the European wolf (Canis lupus), the American gray, or timber, wolf (C. occidentalis), and the prairie wolf, or coyote. Wolves often hunt in packs, and may thus attack large animals and even man.

2. (a.) One of the destructive, and usually hairy, larvae of several species of beetles and grain moths; as, the bee wolf.

3. (a.) Fig.: Any very ravenous, rapacious, or destructive person or thing; especially, want; starvation; as, they toiled hard to keep the wolf from the door.

4. (n.) A white worm, or maggot, which infests granaries.

5. (n.) An eating ulcer or sore. Cf. Lupus.

6. (n.) The harsh, howling sound of some of the chords on an organ or piano tuned by unequal temperament.

7. (a.) In bowed instruments, a harshness due to defective vibration in certain notes of the scale.

8. (n.) A willying machine.

Thesaurus
Wolf (4 Occurrences)
... Jacob's prophecy, "Benjamin shall ravin as a wolf" (Genesis 49:27), represents
the warlike character of that tribe (see Judges 19-21). ...
/w/wolf.htm - 13k

Leopard (6 Occurrences)
... The leopard is mentioned with the lion and bear in Daniel 7:6 Hosea 13:7 Revelation
13:2; with the lion, wolf and bear in Isaiah 11:6; with the lion and wolf...
/l/leopard.htm - 13k

Jackal (3 Occurrences)
... Noah Webster's Dictionary 1. (n.) Any one of several species of carnivorous animals
inhabiting Africa and Asia, related to the dog and wolf. ...
/j/jackal.htm - 15k

Wolves (10 Occurrences)
... Noah Webster's Dictionary 1. (n.) Plural of Wolf. 2. (n.) pl. of Wolf.
Multi-Version Concordance Wolves (10 Occurrences). Matthew ...
/w/wolves.htm - 9k

Zoology
... CHIROPTERA: Bat CARNIVORA (a) Felidae, Cat, Lion, Leopard (b) Hyaenidae, Hyena
(c) Canidae, Dog (including Greyhound), Fox, Jackal, Wolf (d) Mustelidae, Ferret ...
/z/zoology.htm - 18k

Zeeb (3 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary The wolf, one of the two leaders of the great Midianite
host which invaded Israel and was utterly routed by Gideon. ...
/z/zeeb.htm - 10k

Owns (13 Occurrences)
... John 10:12 and the hireling, and not being a shepherd, whose own the sheep are not,
doth behold the wolf coming, and doth leave the sheep, and doth flee; and ...
/o/owns.htm - 10k

Leaves (55 Occurrences)
... (WEY BBE NAS NIV). John 10:12 He who is a hired hand, and not a shepherd, who
doesn't own the sheep, sees the wolf coming, leaves the sheep, and flees. ...
/l/leaves.htm - 24k

Flock (242 Occurrences)
... John 10:12 He who is a hired hand, and not a shepherd, who doesn't own the
sheep, sees the wolf coming, leaves the sheep, and flees. ...
/f/flock.htm - 39k

Fox (2 Occurrences)
... 6. (n.) A sword; -- so called from the stamp of a fox on the blade, or perhaps of
a wolf taken for a fox. ... The jackal and wolf also are frequently confounded. ...
/f/fox.htm - 13k

Bible Concordance
Wolf (4 Occurrences)

John 10:12 He who is a hired hand, and not a shepherd, who doesn't own the sheep, sees the wolf coming, leaves the sheep, and flees. The wolf snatches the sheep, and scatters them.
(WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Genesis 49:27 "Benjamin is a ravenous wolf. In the morning he will devour the prey. At evening he will divide the spoil."
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Isaiah 11:6 The wolf will live with the lamb, and the leopard will lie down with the young goat; The calf, the young lion, and the fattened calf together; and a little child will lead them.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Isaiah 65:25 The wolf and the lamb shall feed together, and the lion shall eat straw like the ox; and dust shall be the serpent's food. They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain," says Yahweh.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Subtopics

The Wolf of False Teachers

The Wolf of Fierce Enemies

The Wolf of the Devil

The Wolf of the Tribe of Benjamin

The Wolf of the Wicked

The Wolf of Wicked Rulers

The Wolf: (Taming of) the Change Effected by Conversion

The Wolf: Destructive to Flocks of Sheep

The Wolf: Particularly Fierce in the Evening when It Seeks Its Prey

The Wolf: Rapacious Nature of

Wolf

Wolf of the Enemies of the Righteous

Wolf of the Reconciling Power of the Gospel

Wolf: Ravenous

Related Terms

Leopard (6 Occurrences)

Jackal (3 Occurrences)

Wolves (10 Occurrences)

Zoology

Zeeb (3 Occurrences)

Owns (13 Occurrences)

Leaves (55 Occurrences)

Flock (242 Occurrences)

Fox (2 Occurrences)

Flees (19 Occurrences)

Runs (28 Occurrences)

Ravenous (11 Occurrences)

Abandons (2 Occurrences)

Attacks (45 Occurrences)

Scatters (12 Occurrences)

Snatches (5 Occurrences)

Sees (135 Occurrences)

Hired (49 Occurrences)

Sheep (413 Occurrences)

Woke (10 Occurrences)

Lion (92 Occurrences)

Doesn't (300 Occurrences)

Shepherd (76 Occurrences)

Benjamin (167 Occurrences)

Tear (97 Occurrences)

Eateth (81 Occurrences)

Venture (10 Occurrences)

Night (3322 Occurrences)

Oreb (4 Occurrences)

Original (6 Occurrences)

Lurketh (2 Occurrences)

Lycia (1 Occurrence)

Graze (11 Occurrences)

Watcheth (6 Occurrences)

Isle (15 Occurrences)

Island (16 Occurrences)

Fattened (19 Occurrences)

Fatted (17 Occurrences)

Fatling (4 Occurrences)

Tirathites (1 Occurrence)

Tubalcain (1 Occurrence)

Tiras (2 Occurrences)

Tubal-cain (1 Occurrence)

Tubal (9 Occurrences)

Totemism

Teareth (6 Occurrences)

Rei (1 Occurrence)

Reuel (14 Occurrences)

Ravage (9 Occurrences)

Ram (96 Occurrences)

Raphah (5 Occurrences)

Raveneth (1 Occurrence)

Rapha (10 Occurrences)

Rekem (6 Occurrences)

Evenings (15 Occurrences)

Deserts (18 Occurrences)

Devoureth (27 Occurrences)

Divides (9 Occurrences)

Devours (26 Occurrences)

Devour (118 Occurrences)

Divideth (20 Occurrences)

Dividing (23 Occurrences)

Devouring (20 Occurrences)

Plunder (118 Occurrences)

Booty (32 Occurrences)

Buzi (1 Occurrence)

Buz (3 Occurrences)

Binnui (7 Occurrences)

Backslidings (5 Occurrences)

Bilshan (2 Occurrences)

Breeches (6 Occurrences)

Bunni (3 Occurrences)

Backsliding (19 Occurrences)

Buzite (2 Occurrences)

Cattle (277 Occurrences)

Chimham (4 Occurrences)

Chileab (1 Occurrence)

Carmi (8 Occurrences)

Asaramel

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