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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia


1. Meaning of the Term:

The language of Scripture distinguishes less clearly than the modern juridical between assassination and murder. "Murderer" = rotseach (Numbers 35:16-19, 21, 30, 31 2 Kings 6:32 Job 24:14); horegh, from haragh = "to slay," "kill," the King James Version translation "murderer" in Hosea 9:13; but "slayer" in Ezekiel 21:11. Where the Revised Version (British and American) renders "slayers," we find ratsach, in Numbers 35:11, 25-28 Deuteronomy 4:42; Deuteronomy 19:3, 4, 6 Joshua 20:3, 5, 6; Joshua 21:13, 21, 27, 32, 38, irrespective of whether willful, deliberate killing is spoken of, or hasty or merely accidental; and nakhah = "to strike," "wound," "kill," "slay," in Numbers 35:24. The prohibition against killing is all-inclusive, even to suicide, placing the ban not only on deliberate, purposeful slaying (Exodus 21:12, 14, 18), but on all endangering of life through negligence (Deuteronomy 22:8) or recklessness (Leviticus 19:14) or hatred, anger and revengefulness (Leviticus 19:17).

2. Punishment of the Act:

The Mosaic law presupposes the punishment of all killing of human beings on the ground of Genesis 9:6, and repeatedly reiterates it (Exodus 21:12, 14 Leviticus 24:17, 21 Numbers 35:33 Deuteronomy 19:11), the reason assigned being that man is made in the image of God; hence to slay a man is paramount to lifting the hand against the Creator. And while the degrees of guilt are not indicated by the language, they are closely distinguished by the punishments prescribed. Not only notorious enmity against the slain and deliberate lying-in-wait on the part of the murderer (Exodus 21:13 Numbers 35:20 Deuteronomy 19:4, 11), but also the nature of the instrument was taken into account to determine the nature of the crime (Numbers 35:16). See CRIMES.

Frank E. Hirsch

1748. enedreuo -- to lie in wait for, to plot
... lay wait for. From enedra; to lurk, ie (figuratively) plot assassination -- lay
wait for. see GREEK enedra. (enedreuontes) -- 1 Occurrence. ...
// - 6k

Calamities Suffered by the People after the Expulsion of John. The ...
... Book VIII. Chapter XXI."Calamities suffered by the People after the Expulsion
of John. The Plots against him of Assassination. ...
/.../chapter xxi calamities suffered by the.htm

Affairs in the West
... That act of dastardly assassination was chiefly due to the hypocritic Olympius,
whom he himself had first raised from the dust, who had insinuated himself into ...
/.../chapter lxx affairs in the.htm

Paul is Again Ejected from the Church by Constantius, in ...
... The Emperor Constantius, on being informed of the assassination of Hermogenes, set
off on horseback from Antioch, and arriving at Constantinople immediately ...
/.../chapter xiii paul is again ejected.htm

To the Rev. A. Brandram
... and partly with demons. There is famine, and such famine; there is
assassination, and such unnatural assassination. There you see ...
/.../borrow/letters of george borrow/to the rev a brandram 61.htm

Smerdis the Magian.
... him. Now the return of Smerdis was publicly and generally known, while
his assassination by Prexaspes was kept a profound secret. ...
/.../abbott/darius the great/chapter iii smerdis the magian.htm

Lorimer -- the Fall of Satan
... "The Lord's anointed temple, and stole thence The life o' the building.".
[Footnote 1: The assassination of President Garfield.]. ...
/.../kleiser/the worlds great sermons volume 8/lorimer the fall of.htm

The Accession of Darius.
... statue. For several days after the assassination of the magi the city
was filled with excitement, tumults, and confusion. There ...
/...// the great/chapter iv the accession of.htm

Accession of Cyrus to the Throne.
... without reserve. He loads a favorite with kindness and caresses at one
hour, and directs his assassination the next. He imagines ...
/...// the great/chapter v accession of cyrus.htm

The Last Years of Knox: 1567-1572
... lay members of the General Assembly could not have faced that ordeal, and Randolph
later accused Lethington, in a letter to him, of advising her assassination. ...
/.../lang/john knox and the reformation/chapter xviii the last years.htm

Paul Before Felix.
... Impatient of control, he procured the assassination of Jonathan the high-priest,
whose only crime it was, that he had freely remonstrated against his ...
/.../dick/lectures on the acts of the apostles/lecture xxvii paul before felix.htm

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
(n.) A killing by treacherous violence, usually referring to the murder of a political or public figure.
Assassination (1 Occurrence)
...ASSASSINATION. ... 1. Meaning of the Term: The language of Scripture distinguishes less
clearly than the modern juridical between assassination and murder. ...
/a/assassination.htm - 10k

Nadab (21 Occurrences)
... The assassination of Nadab was followed by that of his whole house, and thus
this great Ephraimite family became extinct (1 Kings 15:29). ...
/n/nadab.htm - 16k

Gedaliah (31 Occurrences)
... 3. His Treacherous Assassination: But evil spirits were at work against him. Baalis,
king of Ammon, had determined upon his life (Jeremiah 40:13-16). ...
/g/gedaliah.htm - 26k

Assassinated (10 Occurrences)

/a/assassinated.htm - 9k

Assassins (2 Occurrences)

/a/assassins.htm - 8k

... great zeal for the observance of the "law." According to Josephus (BJ, IV, iii,
9; v, 1; VII, viii, 1) they resorted to violence and assassination in their ...
/z/zealots.htm - 8k

Zealot (4 Occurrences)
... great zeal for the observance of the "law." According to Josephus (BJ, IV, iii,
9; v, 1; VII, viii, 1) they resorted to violence and assassination in their ...
/z/zealot.htm - 12k

Talmai (6 Occurrences)
... When Absalom fled from David after the assassination of Amnon he took refuge with
Talmai at Geshur (2 Samuel 3:3; 2 Samuel 13:37 1 Chronicles 3:2). ...
/t/talmai.htm - 9k

Ephod (45 Occurrences)
... Abiathar, who became high priest after the assassination of his father by Doeg,
probably brought to the camp of David the ephod worn by the high priest in his ...
/e/ephod.htm - 27k

Crime (45 Occurrences)
... An injury to the creature is regarded as obnoxious to the Creator. Specific forms
of crime are the following: Adultery. See separate article. Assassination. ...
/c/crime.htm - 51k

Bible Concordance
Assassination (1 Occurrence)

Jeremiah 41:4 And it cometh to pass, on the second day of the putting of Gedaliah to death, (and no one hath known,)
(See NIV)



Assassination of Eglon, by Ehud

Assassination: Abner, by Joab

Assassination: Amasa, by Joab

Assassination: Amnon, by Absalom

Assassination: David's Abhorrence of

Assassination: Ish-Bosheth, by the Sons of Rimmon

Assassination: Joash, by his Servants

Assassination: Laws Prohibiting

Assassination: Sennacherib, by his Sons

Related Terms

Nadab (21 Occurrences)

Gedaliah (31 Occurrences)

Assassinated (10 Occurrences)

Assassins (2 Occurrences)


Zealot (4 Occurrences)

Talmai (6 Occurrences)

Ephod (45 Occurrences)

Crime (45 Occurrences)

Crimes (22 Occurrences)

Amon (20 Occurrences)

Assassinate (3 Occurrences)

Seirah (1 Occurrence)

Shimeath (2 Occurrences)

Pekah (11 Occurrences)

Joash (49 Occurrences)

Punishments (31 Occurrences)

Parthians (1 Occurrence)

Saul (371 Occurrences)

Jehoash (28 Occurrences)

Cross (157 Occurrences)

David (1052 Occurrences)


Judah (802 Occurrences)

Herod (45 Occurrences)

Kingdom (409 Occurrences)

Books (16 Occurrences)

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