1 Samuel 25:4
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
While David was in the wilderness, he heard that Nabal was shearing sheep.

New Living Translation
When David heard that Nabal was shearing his sheep,

English Standard Version
David heard in the wilderness that Nabal was shearing his sheep.

New American Standard Bible
that David heard in the wilderness that Nabal was shearing his sheep.

King James Bible
And David heard in the wilderness that Nabal did shear his sheep.

Christian Standard Bible
While David was in the wilderness, he heard that Nabal was shearing sheep,

Contemporary English Version
One day, Nabal was in Carmel where his servants were cutting the wool from his sheep. David was in the desert when he heard about it.

Good News Translation
and David, who was in the wilderness, heard about it,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
While David was in the wilderness, he heard that Nabal was shearing sheep,

International Standard Version
While David was in the wilderness, he heard that Nabal was shearing his sheep.

NET Bible
When David heard in the desert that Nabal was shearing his sheep,

New Heart English Bible
David heard in the wilderness that Nabal was shearing his sheep.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
While David was in the desert, he heard that Nabal was shearing his sheep.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And David heard in the wilderness that Nabal was shearing his sheep.

New American Standard 1977
that David heard in the wilderness that Nabal was shearing his sheep.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And David heard in the wilderness that Nabal was shearing his sheep.

King James 2000 Bible
And David heard in the wilderness that Nabal did shear his sheep.

American King James Version
And David heard in the wilderness that Nabal did shear his sheep.

American Standard Version
And David heard in the wilderness that Nabal was shearing his sheep.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And when David heard in the wilderness that Nabal was shearing his sheep,

Darby Bible Translation
And David heard in the wilderness that Nabal was shearing his sheep.

English Revised Version
And David heard in the wilderness that Nabal did shear his sheep.

Webster's Bible Translation
And David heard in the wilderness that Nabal was shearing his sheep.

World English Bible
David heard in the wilderness that Nabal was shearing his sheep.

Young's Literal Translation
And David heareth in the wilderness that Nabal is shearing his flock,
Study Bible
David and Nabal
3(now the man's name was Nabal, and his wife's name was Abigail. And the woman was intelligent and beautiful in appearance, but the man was harsh and evil in his dealings, and he was a Calebite), 4that David heard in the wilderness that Nabal was shearing his sheep. 5So David sent ten young men; and David said to the young men, "Go up to Carmel, visit Nabal and greet him in my name;…
Cross References
1 Samuel 25:3
(now the man's name was Nabal, and his wife's name was Abigail. And the woman was intelligent and beautiful in appearance, but the man was harsh and evil in his dealings, and he was a Calebite),

1 Samuel 25:5
So David sent ten young men; and David said to the young men, "Go up to Carmel, visit Nabal and greet him in my name;
Treasury of Scripture

And David heard in the wilderness that Nabal did shear his sheep.

did shear

Genesis 38:13 And it was told Tamar, saying, Behold your father in law goes up …

2 Samuel 13:23 And it came to pass after two full years, that Absalom had sheep …

(4) And David heard in the wilderness.--The question of the support of the large band of devoted followers who obeyed David must have been usually a very anxious one. No doubt, contributions from the farmers and sheep-masters materially aided the supplies David and his men derived from their raids across the Philistine borders. It is likely enough that some of these contributions were not always willingly made; still, there is no doubt that the presence of the armed band of David during the latter years of Saul afforded considerable protection to the border land. His position resembled that of a modern Arab sheik of a friendly Bedaween tribe, and it is clear that on the whole his career as head of an army of free lances tended to popularise him among the southern tribes of Israel. Nabal's conduct appears to have been more than churlish and foolish, for David, according to the showing of Nabal's own shepherds, had on many occasions been of substantial service to them as they tended their flocks in exposed and dangerous localities. The testimony of these shepherd folk may be accepted generally as the popular estimate of David and his acts during this rough and sorely tried period of his life.

Verses 4, 5. - Though David had gone some distance southward of Carmel, yet it was worth his while to send men to Nabal's sheep shearing, as the maintenance of his numerous force must have been a continual difficulty. The large number, ten, also shows that he expected a liberal gift of food. Probably such missions were not uncommon, and the large sheep masters were glad to supply the wants of one who guarded their flocks and defended them from the incursions of the desert tribes. And David heard in the wilderness,.... In the wilderness of Paran, where he was, and a wilderness it was to him, being in want of food, as the following relation shows:

that Nabal did shear his sheep; when there was generally good living, and so a proper person, and a proper time, for David to apply for the relief of his wants. 4-9. Nabal did shear his sheep, and David sent out ten young men, etc.—David and his men lurked in these deserts, associating with the herdsmen and shepherds of Nabal and others and doing them good offices, probably in return for information and supplies obtained through them. Hence when Nabal held his annual sheep-shearing in Carmel, David felt himself entitled to share in the festival and sent a message, recounting his own services and asking for a present. "In all these particulars we were deeply struck with the truth and strength of the biblical description of manners and customs almost identically the same as they exist at the present day. On such a festive occasion, near a town or village, even in our own time, an Arab sheik of the neighboring desert would hardly fail to put in a word either in person or by message; and his message, both in form and substance, would be only a transcript of that of David" [Robinson].25:2-11 We should not have heard of Nabal, if nothing had passed between him and David. Observe his name, Nabal, A fool; so it signifies. Riches make men look great in the eye of the world; but to one that takes right views, Nabal looked very mean. He had no honour or honesty; he was churlish, cross, and ill-humoured; evil in his doings, hard and oppressive; a man that cared not what fraud and violence he used in getting and saving. What little reason have we to value the wealth of this world, when so great a churl as Nabal abounds, and so good a man as David suffers want!, David pleaded the kindness Nabal's shepherds had received. Considering that David's men were in distress and debt, and discontented, and the scarcity of provisions, it was by good management that they were kept from plundering. Nabal went into a passion, as covetous men are apt to do, when asked for any thing, thinking thus to cover one sin with another; and, by abusing the poor, to excuse themselves from relieving them. But God will not thus be mocked. Let this help us to bear reproaches and misrepresentations with patience and cheerfulness, and make us easy under them; it has often been the lot of the excellent ones of the earth. Nabal insists much on the property he had in the provisions of his table. May he not do what he will with his own? We mistake, if we think we are absolute lords of what we have, and may do what we please with it. No; we are but stewards, and must use it as we are directed, remembering it is not our own, but His who intrusted us with it.
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OT History: 1 Samuel 25:4 David heard in the wilderness that Nabal (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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