1 Samuel 23:18
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
The two of them made a covenant before the LORD. Then Jonathan went home, but David remained at Horesh.

New Living Translation
So the two of them renewed their solemn pact before the LORD. Then Jonathan returned home, while David stayed at Horesh.

English Standard Version
And the two of them made a covenant before the LORD. David remained at Horesh, and Jonathan went home.

New American Standard Bible
So the two of them made a covenant before the LORD; and David stayed at Horesh while Jonathan went to his house.

King James Bible
And they two made a covenant before the LORD: and David abode in the wood, and Jonathan went to his house.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then the two of them made a covenant in the LORD's presence. Afterward, David remained in Horesh, while Jonathan went home.

International Standard Version
The two of them made a covenant in the LORD's presence. David remained at Horesh while Jonathan went home.

NET Bible
When the two of them had made a covenant before the LORD, David stayed on at Horesh, but Jonathan went to his house.

New Heart English Bible
They both made a covenant before the LORD: and David stayed in the woods, and Jonathan went to his house.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Both of them made a pledge in the LORD's presence. David stayed in Horesh, and Jonathan went home.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And they two made a covenant before the LORD; and David abode in the wood, and Jonathan went to his house.

New American Standard 1977
So the two of them made a covenant before the LORD; and David stayed at Horesh while Jonathan went to his house.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the two made a covenant before the LORD, and David abode in the woods, and Jonathan returned to his house.

King James 2000 Bible
And they both made a covenant before the LORD: and David abode in the forest, and Jonathan went to his house.

American King James Version
And they two made a covenant before the LORD: and David stayed in the wood, and Jonathan went to his house.

American Standard Version
And they two made a covenant before Jehovah: and David abode in the wood, and Jonathan went to his house.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the two made a covenant before the Lord: and David abode in the wood: but Jonathan returned to his house.

Darby Bible Translation
And they two made a covenant before Jehovah; and David abode in the wood, and Jonathan went to his house.

English Revised Version
And they two made a covenant before the LORD: and David abode in the wood, and Jonathan went to his house.

Webster's Bible Translation
And they two made a covenant before the LORD: and David abode in the wood, and Jonathan went to his house.

World English Bible
They both made a covenant before Yahweh: and David stayed in the woods, and Jonathan went to his house.

Young's Literal Translation
And they make a covenant both of them before Jehovah; and David abideth in the forest, and Jonathan hath gone to his house.
Study Bible
Saul Pursues David
17Thus he said to him, "Do not be afraid, because the hand of Saul my father will not find you, and you will be king over Israel and I will be next to you; and Saul my father knows that also." 18So the two of them made a covenant before the LORD; and David stayed at Horesh while Jonathan went to his house. 19Then Ziphites came up to Saul at Gibeah, saying, "Is David not hiding with us in the strongholds at Horesh, on the hill of Hachilah, which is on the south of Jeshimon?…
Cross References
1 Samuel 18:3
Then Jonathan made a covenant with David because he loved him as himself.

1 Samuel 20:8
"Therefore deal kindly with your servant, for you have brought your servant into a covenant of the LORD with you. But if there is iniquity in me, put me to death yourself; for why then should you bring me to your father?"

1 Samuel 20:12
Then Jonathan said to David, "The LORD, the God of Israel, be witness! When I have sounded out my father about this time tomorrow, or the third day, behold, if there is good feeling toward David, shall I not then send to you and make it known to you?

1 Samuel 20:42
Jonathan said to David, "Go in safety, inasmuch as we have sworn to each other in the name of the LORD, saying, 'The LORD will be between me and you, and between my descendants and your descendants forever.'" Then he rose and departed, while Jonathan went into the city.

2 Samuel 9:1
Then David said, "Is there yet anyone left of the house of Saul, that I may show him kindness for Jonathan's sake?"

2 Samuel 21:7
But the king spared Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan the son of Saul, because of the oath of the LORD which was between them, between David and Saul's son Jonathan.
Treasury of Scripture

And they two made a covenant before the LORD: and David stayed in the wood, and Jonathan went to his house.

1 Samuel 18:3 Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul.

1 Samuel 20:12-17,42 And Jonathan said to David, O LORD God of Israel, when I have sounded …

2 Samuel 9:1 And David said, Is there yet any that is left of the house of Saul, …

2 Samuel 21:7 But the king spared Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan the son of …

And they two made a covenant before the Lord,.... Renewed the covenant they had before made in the name and fear of God, and before him as a witness of it. Kimchi and Abarbinel interpret this phrase:

before the Lord, of the covenant being made before Abiathar, with the Urim and Thummim in his hand; and so Jerom (p), before Gad the prophet, and Abiathar who wore the ephod:

and David abode in the wood; being a proper place for him for secrecy and safety:

and Jonathan went to his house; in Gibeah; and these two dear and cordial friends never saw one another more, as is highly probable.

(p) Trad. Heb. in lib. Reg. fol. 76. K. 23:14-18 David made no attempt against Saul; he kept God's way, waited God's time, and was content to secure himself in woods and wildernesses. Let it make us think the worse of this world, which often gives such bad treatment to its best men: let it make us long for that kingdom where goodness shall for ever be in glory, and holiness in honour. We find Jonathan comforting David. As a pious friend, he directed him to God, the Foundation of his comfort. As a self-denying friend, he takes pleasure in the prospect of David's advancement to the throne. As a constant friend, he renewed his friendship with him. Our covenant with God should be often renewed, and therein our communion with him kept up. If the converse of one friend, at one meeting, gives comfort and strengthens our hearts, what may not be expected from the continual supports and powerful love of the Saviour of sinners, the covenanted Friend of believers!
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OT History: 1 Samuel 23:18 They two made a covenant before Yahweh: (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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