1 Corinthians 11:28
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Everyone ought to examine themselves before they eat of the bread and drink from the cup.

New Living Translation
That is why you should examine yourself before eating the bread and drinking the cup.

English Standard Version
Let a person examine himself, then, and so eat of the bread and drink of the cup.

Berean Study Bible
Each one must examine himself before he eats of the bread and drinks of the cup.

Berean Literal Bible
But let a man examine himself, and in this manner let him eat of the bread, and let him drink of the cup.

New American Standard Bible
But a man must examine himself, and in so doing he is to eat of the bread and drink of the cup.

King James Bible
But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So a man should examine himself; in this way he should eat the bread and drink from the cup.

International Standard Version
A person must examine himself and then eat the bread and drink from the cup,

NET Bible
A person should examine himself first, and in this way let him eat the bread and drink of the cup.

New Heart English Bible
But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of the bread, and drink of the cup.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Because of this, let a man search his soul, and then eat of this bread and drink from this cup.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
With this in mind, individuals must determine whether what they are doing is proper when they eat the bread and drink from the cup.

New American Standard 1977
But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of the bread and drink of the cup.

Jubilee Bible 2000
But let each man prove himself, and so let him eat of the bread and drink of the cup.

King James 2000 Bible
But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup.

American King James Version
But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup.

American Standard Version
But let a man prove himself, and so let him eat of the bread, and drink of the cup.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But let a man prove himself: and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of the chalice.

Darby Bible Translation
But let a man prove himself, and thus eat of the bread, and drink of the cup.

English Revised Version
But let a man prove himself, and so let him eat of the bread, and drink of the cup.

Webster's Bible Translation
But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup.

Weymouth New Testament
But let a man examine himself, and, having done that, then let him eat the bread and drink from the cup.

World English Bible
But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of the bread, and drink of the cup.

Young's Literal Translation
and let a man be proving himself, and so of the bread let him eat, and of the cup let him drink;
Study Bible
Sharing in the Lord's Supper
27Therefore, whoever eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be guilty of sinning against the body and blood of the Lord. 28Each one must examine himself before he eats of the bread and drinks of the cup. 29For anyone who eats and drinks without recognizing the body eats and drinks judgment on himself.…
Cross References
Matthew 26:22
They were deeply grieved and began to ask Him one after another, "Surely not I, Lord?"

1 Corinthians 11:29
For anyone who eats and drinks without recognizing the body eats and drinks judgment on himself.

2 Corinthians 13:5
Examine yourselves to see whether you are in the faith; test yourselves. Can't you see for yourselves that Jesus Christ is in you--unless you actually fail the test?

Galatians 6:4
Each one should test his own work. Then he will have reason to boast in himself alone, and not in someone else.
Treasury of Scripture

But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup.

let a.

1 Corinthians 11:31 For if we would judge ourselves, we should not be judged.

Psalm 26:2-7 Examine me, O LORD, and prove me; try my reins and my heart…

Lamentations 3:40 Let us search and try our ways, and turn again to the LORD.

Haggai 1:5,7 Now therefore thus said the LORD of hosts; Consider your ways…

Zechariah 7:5-7 Speak to all the people of the land, and to the priests, saying, …

2 Corinthians 13:5 Examine yourselves, whether you be in the faith; prove your own selves. …

Galatians 6:4 But let every man prove his own work, and then shall he have rejoicing …

1 John 3:20,21 For if our heart condemn us, God is greater than our heart, and knows …

and so.

Numbers 9:10-13 Speak to the children of Israel, saying, If any man of you or of …

Matthew 5:23,24 Therefore if you bring your gift to the altar, and there remember …

(28-32) There are so many modifications required in these verses of the Greek text from which our translation is taken, so as to bring it into harmony with the best MSS., and so many changes needed in the translation itself, so as to convey more clearly the meaning of the original, that it will be best to give here a consecutive translation of the whole passage. It should read thus:--But let a man prove himself and so let him eat of the bread and drink of the cup, for he that eateth and drinketh, eateth and drinketh a judgment to himself if he does not discern the Body--(for this cause many among you are weak and sick, and some sleep)--but if we would discern ourselves we should not be judged; but being judged we are chastened by the Lord, in order that we may not be finally condemned with the world. There are several words in this sentence which call for remark.

(28) So let him eat.--This implies that a man should partake of this sacred feast only after he has carefully examined himself as to the spirit in which he was approaching such holy bread and wine.

Verse 28. - Let a man examine himself. The verb means "let him test his own feelings;" put them to the proof, to see whether they be sincere or not. He must "wash his hands in innocency," and so come to God's altar (see Matthew 5:22, 23; 2 Corinthians 13:5). And so. Soberly, that is; seriously, humbly, and with due reverence. But let a man examine himself,.... Whether he has a true sense of sin, sorrow and repentance for it; otherwise he will see no need of a Saviour, nor will he look to Christ for salvation, or be thankful to him for redemption by him; all which are necessary in a due observance of this ordinance; also, whether he is in the faith, whether he is a partaker of the true grace of faith, which is attended with good works, and shows itself by love to Christ, and to the saints; whereby a man goes out of himself to Christ for spiritual food and strength, peace and comfort, righteousness, life, and salvation; and by which he receives all from Christ, and gives him all the glory: this is absolutely necessary to his right and comfortable partaking of the Lord's supper, since without faith he cannot discern the Lord's body, nor, in a spiritual sense, eat his flesh, and drink his blood, nor attend on the ordinance in a manner acceptable unto God. Let him also examine and try whether he is sound in the doctrine of faith; or let him prove himself to be so, or show that he is one that is approved thereby; to whom the word of faith has come with power, and who has received it in the love of it, and firmly believes it; since an heretic is to be rejected from the communion of the church, and to be debarred the ordinances of it: let him examine himself, whether Christ is in him, whether he is revealed to him, and in him, as God's way of salvation, and the hope of glory; whether he is formed in his soul, his Spirit put, and his grace implanted there; since if Christ is not within, it will be of no avail to partake of the outward symbols of his body and blood. But if a man, upon reflection, under the influence and testimony of the Spirit, can come to a satisfaction in these things, however mean and unworthy he may seem in his own sight, let him come to the table of the Lord, and welcome.

And so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup; none should discourage or hinder him; nor should he deprive himself of such a privilege, to which he has an undoubted right. There seems to be an allusion in these words to what the master of the family used at the passover, when he said (z),

"everyone that is hungry, , "let him come and eat", and everyone that hath need or ought, let him keep the passover.''

(z) Haggadah Shel Pesach, p. 4. 28. examine—Greek, "prove" or "test" his own state of mind in respect to Christ's death, and his capability of "discerning the Lord's body" (1Co 11:29, 31). Not auricular confession to a priest, but self-examination is necessary.

so—after due self-examination.

of … of—In 1Co 11:27, where the receiving was unworthily, the expression was, "eat this bread, drink … cup" without "of." Here the "of" implies due circumspection in communicating [Bengel].

let him eat—His self-examination is not in order that he may stay away, but that he may eat, that is, communicate.11:23-34 The apostle describes the sacred ordinance, of which he had the knowledge by revelation from Christ. As to the visible signs, these are the bread and wine. What is eaten is called bread, though at the same time it is said to be the body of the Lord, plainly showing that the apostle did not mean that the bread was changed into flesh. St. Matthew tells us, our Lord bid them all drink of the cup, ch. Mt 26:27, as if he would, by this expression, provide against any believer being deprived of the cup. The things signified by these outward signs, are Christ's body and blood, his body broken, his blood shed, together with all the benefits which flow from his death and sacrifice. Our Saviour's actions were, taking the bread and cup, giving thanks, breaking the bread, and giving both the one and the other. The actions of the communicants were, to take the bread and eat, to take the cup and drink, and to do both in remembrance of Christ. But the outward acts are not the whole, or the principal part, of what is to be done at this holy ordinance. Those who partake of it, are to take him as their Lord and Life, yield themselves up to him, and live upon him. Here is an account of the ends of this ordinance. It is to be done in remembrance of Christ, to keep fresh in our minds his dying for us, as well as to remember Christ pleading for us, in virtue of his death, at God's right hand. It is not merely in remembrance of Christ, of what he has done and suffered; but to celebrate his grace in our redemption. We declare his death to be our life, the spring of all our comforts and hopes. And we glory in such a declaration; we show forth his death, and plead it as our accepted sacrifice and ransom. The Lord's supper is not an ordinance to be observed merely for a time, but to be continued. The apostle lays before the Corinthians the danger of receiving it with an unsuitable temper of mind; or keeping up the covenant with sin and death, while professing to renew and confirm the covenant with God. No doubt such incur great guilt, and so render themselves liable to spiritual judgements. But fearful believers should not be discouraged from attending at this holy ordinance. The Holy Spirit never caused this scripture to be written to deter serious Christians from their duty, though the devil has often made this use of it. The apostle was addressing Christians, and warning them to beware of the temporal judgements with which God chastised his offending servants. And in the midst of judgement, God remembers mercy: he many times punishes those whom he loves. It is better to bear trouble in this world, than to be miserable for ever. The apostle points our the duty of those who come to the Lord's table. Self-examination is necessary to right attendance at this holy ordinance. If we would thoroughly search ourselves, to condemn and set right what we find wrong, we should stop Divine judgements. The apostle closes all with a caution against the irregularities of which the Corinthians were guilty at the Lord's table. Let all look to it, that they do not come together to God's worship, so as to provoke him, and bring down vengeance on themselves.
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1 Corinthians 11:27
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