Epistle To The Romans
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Epistle To The Romans

  1. The date of this epistle is fixed at the time of the visit recorded in Acts 20:3 during the winter and spring following the apostle's long residence at Ephesus A.D. 58. On this visit he remained in Greece three months.
  2. The place of writing was Corinth.
  3. The occasion which prompted it,,and the circumstances attending its writing, were as follows:--St. Paul had long purposed visiting Rome, and still retained this purpose, wishing also to extend his journey to Spain. Etom. 1:9-13; 15:22-29. For the time, however, he was prevented from carrying out his design, as he was bound for Jerusalem with the alms of the Gentile Christians, and meanwhile he addressed this letter to the Romans, to supply the lack of his personal teaching. Phoebe, a deaconess of the neighboring church of Cenchreae, was on the point of starting for Rome, ch. (Romans 16:1,2) and probably conveyed the letter. The body of the epistle was written at the apostle's dictation by Tertius, ch. (Romans 16:22) but perhaps we may infer, from the abruptness of the final doxology, that it was added by the apostle himself.
  4. The origin of the Roman church is involved in obscurity. If it had been founded by St. Peter according to a later tradition, the absence of any allusion to him both in this epistle and in the letters written by St. Paul from Rome would admit of no explanation. It is equally clear that no other apostle was like founder. The statement in the Clementines --that the first tidings of the gospel reached Rome during the lifetime of our Lord is evidently a fiction for the purposes of the romance. On the other hand, it is clear that the foundation of this church dates very far back. It may be that some of these Romans, "both Jews and proselytes," present. On the day of Pentecost (Acts 2:10) carried back the earliest tidings of the new doctrine; or the gospel may have first reached the imperial city through those who were scattered abroad to escape the persecution which followed on the death of Stephen. (Acts 8:4; 11:10) At first we may suppose that the gospel had preached there in a confused and imperfect form, scarcely more than a phase of Judaism, as in the case of Apollos at Corinth, (Acts 18:25) or the disciples at Ephesus. (Acts 19:1-3) As time advanced and better-instructed teachers arrived the clouds would gradually clear away, fill at length the presence of the great apostle himself at Rome dispersed the mists of Judaism which still hung about the Roman church.
  5. A question next arises as to the composition of the Roman church at the time when St. Paul wrote. It is more probable that St. Paul addressed a mixed church of Jews and Gentiles, the latter perhaps being the more numerous. These Gentile converts, however, were not for the most part native Romans. Strange as the: paradox appears, nothing is more certain than that the church of Rome was at this time a Greek and not a Latin church. All the literature of the early Roman church was written in the Greek tongue.
  6. The heterogeneous composition of this church explains the general character of the Epistle to the Romans. In an assemblage so various we should expect to find, not the exclusive predominance of a single form of error, but the coincidence of different and opposing forms. It was: therefore the business of the Christian teacher to reconcile the opposing difficulties and to hold out a meeting-point in the gospel. This is exactly what St. Paul does in the Epistle to the Romans.
  7. In describing the purport of this epistle we may start from St. Paul's own words, which, standing at the beginning of the doctrinal portion, may be taken as giving a summary of the contents. ch. (Romans 1:16,17) Accordingly the epistle has been described as comprising "the religious philosophy of the world's history "The atonement of Christ is the centre of religious history. The epistle, from its general character, lends itself more readily to an analysis than is often the case with St. Paul's epistles. While this epistle contains the fullest and most systematic exposition of the apostle's teaching , it is at the same time a very striking expression of his character . Nowhere do his earnest and affectionate nature and his tact and delicacy in handling unwelcome topics appear more strongly than when he is dealing with the rejection of his fellow country men the Jews. Internal evidence is so strongly in favor of the genuineness of the Epistle to the Romans that it has never been seriously questioned.
Greek
5060. Tertios -- "third," Tertius, a Christian to whom Paul ...
... Tertios Phonetic Spelling: (ter'-tee-os) Short Definition: Tertius Definition: Tertius,
who wrote the Epistle to the Romans at Paul's dictation. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/5060.htm - 6k
Library

The Epistle to the Romans
... The Epistle to the Romans. CONTENTS ... Paul.". CANONICAL SIGNIFICANCE. The Epistle to
the Romans is one of the best attested writings of the New Testament. ...
/.../drummond/introduction to the new testament/the epistle to the romans.htm

The Epistle to the Romans.
... CHAPTER XII. THE NEW TESTAMENT. Section 92. The Epistle to the Romans. On the church
in Rome, see Sec. 36 (pp.360 sqq.); on the theology of the Ep. ...
/.../schaff/history of the christian church volume i/section 92 the epistle to.htm

From the Epistle to the Romans.
... A Treatise on the Merits and Forgiveness of Sins, and on the Baptism of
Infants Chapter 43."From the Epistle to the Romans. Let ...
/.../augustine/anti-pelagian writings/chapter 43 from the epistle to.htm

The Epistle to the Romans. St. Paul Cannot Help Using Phrases ...
... Book V. Wherein Tertullian proves, with respect to St. Paul's epistles...
Chapter XIII."The Epistle to the Romans. St. Paul Cannot ...
/.../tertullian/the five books against marcion/chapter xiii the epistle to the.htm

He Proves from the Epistle to the Romans the Eternal Divinity of ...
... Book IV. Chapter III. He proves from the Epistle to the Romans the eternal
Divinity of Christ. And so as it is clear from the above ...
/.../cassian/the seven books of john cassian /chapter iii he proves from.htm

The Seventh Chapter of the Epistle to the Romans.
... The Seventh Chapter of the Epistle to the Romans. I have more than once
had occasion to refer to this chapter, and have read some ...
/.../finney/lectures to professing christians/the seventh chapter of the.htm

The Peroration of Rufinus Appended to his Translation of Origen's ...
... The Peroration of Rufinus Appended to His Translation of Origen's Commentary
on the Epistle to the Romans. Addressed to Heraclius ...
/.../the peroration of rufinus appended.htm

A Dissertation on the True and Genuine Sense of the Seventh ...
... A DISSERTATION ON THE TRUE AND GENUINE SENSE OF THE SEVENTH CHAPTER OF THE
EPISTLE TO THE ROMANS. BY JAMES ARMINIUS, DD. INTRODUCTION ...
/.../arminius/the works of james arminius vol 2/a dissertation on the true.htm

Rufinus' Preface to the Translation of Origen's Commentary on the ...
... Rufinus' Preface to the Translation of Origen's Commentary on the Epistle to
the Romans. Addressed to Heraclius at Aquileia about ad407. ...
/.../rufinus preface to the translation 2.htm

The Epistle of Ignatius to the Romans
The Epistle of Ignatius to the Romans. <. The Epistle of Ignatius to the
Romans Ignatius. Table of Contents. Title Page. Introduction. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/ignatius/the epistle of ignatius to the romans/



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