Jeremy
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Jeremy

the prophet Jeremiah. (Matthew 2:17; 27:9)

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
JEREMY, THE EPISTLE OF

jer'-e-mi, (Epistole Ieremiou):

1. Name

2. Canonicity and Position

3. Contents

4. Original Language

5. Authorship, Date and Aim

6. Text and Versions

LITERATURE

1. Name:

In manuscripts Vaticanus and Alexandrinus the title is simply "An Epistle of Jeremiah." But in Codex Vaticanus, etc., there is a superscription introducing the letter: "Copy of a letter which Jeremiah sent to the captives about to be led to Babylon by (Peshitta adds Nebuchadnezzar) the king of the Babylonians, to make known to them what had been commanded him by God." What follows is a satirical exposure of the folly of idolatry, and not a letter. The idea of introducing this as a letter from Jeremiah was probably suggested by Jeremiah 29:1;.

2. Canonicity and Position:

The early Greek Fathers were on the whole favorably disposed toward this tract, reckoning it to be a part of the Canon. It is therefore included in the lists of Canonical writings of Origen, Epiphanius, Cyril of Jerusalem and Athanasius, and it was so authoritatively recognized by the Council of Laodicea (360 A.D.).

In most Greek manuscripts of the Septuagint (Codices Alexandrinus and Vaticanus. March, Chisl, in the Syriac Hexateuch), it follows Lamentations as an independent piece, closing the supposed writings of Jeremiah. In the bestknown printed of the Septuagint (Tischendorf, Swete, etc.), the order is Jeremiah, Baruch, Lain, Epistle of Jeremy. In Fritzsche, Lib. Apocrypha VT Graece, Epistle Jeremiah stands between Baruch and Tobit. But in Latin manuscripts, including those of the Vulgate, it is appended to Baruch, of which it forms chapter 6, though it really has nothing to do with that book. This last is the case with Protestant editions (English versions of the Bible, etc.) of the Apocrypha, a more intelligible arrangement, since Jeremiah and Lamentations do not occur in the Apocrypha, and the Biblical Baruch was Jeremiah's amanuensis.

3. Contents:

In the so-called letter (see 1, above) the author shows the absurdity and wickedness of heathen worship. The Jews, for their sins, will be removed to Babylon, where they will remain 7 generations. In that land they will be tempted to worship the gods of the people. The writer's aim is ostensibly to warn them beforehand by showing how helpless and useless the idols worshipped are, and how immoral as well as silly the rites of the Bah religion are. For similar polemics against idolatry, see Isaiah 44:9-19 (which in its earnestness resembles the Epistle Jeremiah closely); Jeremiah 10:3-9 Psalm 115:4-8; Psalm 135:15-18; The Wisdom of Solomon 13:10-19; 15:13-17.

4. Original Language:

That the Epistle Jeremiah was composed in Greek is the opinion of practically all scholars. There are no marks of translation; the Greek is on the whole good, and abounds in such rhetorical terms as characterized the Greek of Northern Egypt about the be ginning of our era. There is no trace of a Hebrew original, though Origen has been mistakenly understood to say there was one in his day (see Schurer, GJV4, III, 467). Romanist writers defend a Hebrew original, and point to some Hebraisms (verse 44 and the use of the fut. for the past), but these can be matched in admittedly Hellenistic Greek writings.

5. Authorship, Date and Aim:

The writer was almost certainly a resident in Alexandria toward the close of the last century B.C. The Greek of the book, the references to Egyptian religion (verse 19, where the Feast of Lights at Sais-Herod. ii.62-is referred to), and the allusion to the Epistle Jeremiah in 2 Maccabees 2:2, denied by Schurer, etc., make the above conclusion very probable. The author had in mind the dangers to the religion of his fellow-countrymen presented by the fascinating forms of idolatry existing at Alexandria. Certainly Jeremiah is not the author, for the book was written in Greek and never formed part of the Hebrew Canon. Besides, the treatment is far below the level of the genuine writings of that prophet.

6. Text and Versions:

(1) The Greek.

This epistle occurs in the principal manuscripts of the Septuagint uncials (Codices Vaticanus, Alexandrinus, Q, Gamma, contain 7b-24a, etc.) and cursives (except 70, 96, 229).

(2) The Syriac.

P follows the Greek, but very freely. The Syriac H follows the text of Codex Vaticanus closely, often at the expense of Syriac idioms.

(3) The Latin.

The Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) is made direct from the Greek. There is a different Latin version published by Sabatier in his Biblical Sacr. Latin Versiones Antiquas, II, 734;. It is freer than the Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.)

(4) The Arabic.

There are also Arabic (following A), Coptic (ed Quatremere, 1810), and Ethiopic (ed Dillmann, 1894)versions.

LITERATURE.

See under APOCRYPHA for commentary and various editions. But note in addition to the literature mentioned the article the following: Reusch, Erklar. des B. Baruch, 1853; Daubanton, "Het Apok boek Epistole Ieremiou," Theol. Studien, 1888, 126-38.

T. Witton Davies

JEREMY

jer'-e-mi.

See JEREMIAH (general article).

Library

Jeremy Taylor -- Christ's Advent to Judgment
... JEREMY TAYLOR " CHRIST'S ADVENT TO JUDGMENT. CHRIST'S ADVENT TO JUDGMENT ... Jeremy Taylor,
born in Cambridge, England, in 1613, was the son of a barber. ...
/.../various/the worlds great sermons vol 2/jeremy taylor christs advent.htm

Name Index
... 66]1 * Jacomb: [67]1 * Melanchthon: [68]1 * Pearson: [69]1 * Restitutus of London:
[70]1 * Smith, Thomas, Sir: [71]1 * Sparrow: [72]1 * Taylor, Jeremy: [73]1 ...
/.../luckock/studies in the book of common prayer/name index.htm

Chrysostom as a Preacher.
... flowery, full of spirit and of the Holy Spirit, based on sound exegesis, and with
steady application to life." [40] English writers compare him to Jeremy Taylor ...
/.../chrysostom/on the priesthood/chapter xiv chrysostom as a preacher.htm

Index to Preachers and Sermons
... Judgment. By Jeremy Taylor Christ's Real Body not in the Eucharist. By ...
to. By Jeremy Taylor Judgment, The Reversal of Human. By ...
/.../various/the worlds great sermons volume 10/index to preachers and sermons.htm

A Sermon of the Reverend Father Master Hugh Latimer, Preached in ...
... And of such as do not preach and teach, nor do their duties, God saith by his prophet
Jeremy, Maledictus qui facit opus Dei fraudulenter; "Cursed be the man ...
/.../latimer/sermons on the card and other discourses/a sermon of the reverend.htm

Note
... When I gave up my office, I printed the first twenty-five hymns for the convenience
of the choir, and also for the sake of the tunes by Jeremy Clark, which I ...
/.../bridges/a practical discourse on some principles of hymn-singing/note.htm

Synopsis of the Music in Order of Date
... German, 17th cent, two, Nos.69.90. JEREMY CLARK, 1700, nine, Nos.5.6.7.8.
9.21.61.81.95. WILLIAM CROFT, 1710, four, Nos.34.43.52.76. ...
/.../synopsis of the music in.htm

The Potency of Prayer Hath Subdued the Strength of Fire...
... reconciles our suffering and weak faculties with the violence of torment and violence
of persecution; it pleases God and supplies all our need."Jeremy Taylor. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/bounds/purpose in prayer/chapter iv the potency of.htm

Elucidations.
... vp604, this series. Jeremy Taylor, from whom Coleridge quotes, gives the passage
of our author as follows: "Psalmos et cantus qui ad Dom. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/malchion/the epistle of malchion/elucidations.htm

In Judaea
... Thus was her cup of former bondage and slaughter filled, and the words of Jeremy
the prophet fulfilled, in which he had depicted Rachel's sorrow over her ...
/.../edersheim/sketches of jewish social life/chapter 5 in judaea.htm

Thesaurus
Jeremy (2 Occurrences)
...JEREMY, THE EPISTLE OF. ... In the bestknown printed of the Septuagint (Tischendorf,
Swete, etc.), the order is Jeremiah, Baruch, Lain, Epistle of Jeremy. ...
/j/jeremy.htm - 12k

Value (138 Occurrences)
... Matthew 27:9 Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremy the prophet, saying,
And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of him that was valued ...
/v/value.htm - 37k

Valued (27 Occurrences)
... Matthew 27:9 Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremy the prophet, saying,
And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of him that was valued ...
/v/valued.htm - 15k

Jer'emoth (8 Occurrences)
Jer'emoth. Jeremoth, Jer'emoth. Jeremy . Multi-Version Concordance Jer'emoth
(8 Occurrences). ... (See RSV). Jeremoth, Jer'emoth. Jeremy . Reference Bible.
/j/jer'emoth.htm - 8k

Jeriah (3 Occurrences)

/j/jeriah.htm - 7k

Impotent (5 Occurrences)
... The impotent folk referred to in the Epistle of Jeremy (Baruch 6:28) were those
weak and feeble from age and want; compare "impotent and snail-paced beggary ...
/i/impotent.htm - 9k

Book (211 Occurrences)
... II. Contents. This book and also the Epistle of Jeremy have closer affinities with
the canonical Book of Jeremiah than any other part of the Apocrypha. ...
/b/book.htm - 101k

Baruch (24 Occurrences)
... II. Contents. This book and also the Epistle of Jeremy have closer affinities with
the canonical Book of Jeremiah than any other part of the Apocrypha. ...
/b/baruch.htm - 46k

Jeremiah (141 Occurrences)
... In 1 Esdras 1:28, 32, 47, 57; 2 Esdras 2:18, English Versions of the Bible has
"Jeremy," so the King James Version in 2 Maccabees 2:1, 5, 7; Matthew 2:17 ...
/j/jeremiah.htm - 75k

Conscience (36 Occurrences)
... It may not be surprising to find a High Churchman like Jeremy Taylor, in his Ductor
Dubitantium, discussing ethics as a system of cases of conscience, but it ...
/c/conscience.htm - 37k

Concordance
Jeremy (2 Occurrences)

Matthew 2:17
Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremy the prophet, saying,
(KJV)

Matthew 27:9
Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremy the prophet, saying, And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of him that was valued, whom they of the children of Israel did value;
(KJV)

Subtopics

Jeremy

Related Terms

Value (138 Occurrences)

Valued (27 Occurrences)

Jer'emoth (8 Occurrences)

Jeriah (3 Occurrences)

Impotent (5 Occurrences)

Book (211 Occurrences)

Baruch (24 Occurrences)

Jeremiah (141 Occurrences)

Conscience (36 Occurrences)

Consist (7 Occurrences)

Epistle (13 Occurrences)

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