5100 Melchizedek
Dictionary of Bible Themes

Dictionary of Bible Themes  »  5000 Humanity  »  5070 Individuals in OT and NT  »  5100 Melchizedek

“King of Righteousness”: king and priest of Salem, who blessed Abraham. David assumed Melchizedek's role as king and priest of Jersualem for himself and his descendants. Jesus Christ succeeded to this role and became a high priest in the order of Melchizedek.

Melchizedek was both king and priest

As a king, Melchizedek entertained Abraham

Genesis 14:18 See also Hebrews 7:1

As a priest, Melchizedek blessed Abraham

Genesis 14:18-19

Abraham acknowledged Melchizedek as a priest of the LORD

Genesis 14:20,22 Melchizedek here points ahead to Jesus Christ, who is also priest and king.

The status of Melchizedek

David appropriates Melchizedek's office and authority for himself and his descendants

Psalm 110:1-2,4 The word “order” here means “in succession to”, meaning that Christ assumes the status and function of Melchizedek.

The Davidic Messiah (Christ) inherits the office of Melchizedek

Matthew 22:41-44 pp Mark 12:35-37 pp Luke 20:41-44 Jesus Christ was at that time being acclaimed as the “Son of David” and by implication here claims to be the Messiah. See also Matthew 20:30 pp Mark 10:47 pp Luke 18:35-39; Matthew 21:9 pp Mark 11:10; Matthew 21:15; Acts 2:34

Jesus Christ as high priest after the order of Melchizedek

Hebrews 5:8-10; Hebrews 6:19-20 Only the high priest could sacrifice for the sins of the nation in the inner sanctuary behind the curtain.

The characteristics of the order of Melchizedek

Hebrews 7:2-3 Melchizedek's order of priesthood was one of kingship, peace and righteousness; it did not depend on genealogical descent (unlike the Levitical priesthood); it is eternal, without known beginning or end. See also Psalm 110:4; Hebrews 5:6; Hebrews 6:20; Hebrews 7:21

The uniqueness of Jesus Christ's high priesthood in the order of Melchizedek

Hebrews 7:6-7 Melchizedek was superior to Abraham and therefore to the Levitical priesthood descended from Abraham ; Psalm 110:4 The priesthood is secured by God's oath. See also Hebrews 6:17-20; Hebrews 7:16,20-22,26-27; Hebrews 8:1-2

Jesus Christ's high priesthood makes the Levitical priesthood obsolete

Hebrews 8:13 See also Hebrews 7:11,18-19; Hebrews 8:7-13

See also

1205  God, titles of
2206  Jesus, the Christ
2215  Christ, Son of David
2306  Christ, high priest
5075  Abraham
5085  David
5368  kingship
7376  high priest
7412  priesthood
7766  priests
8445  hospitality
8488  tithing

Top of Page
Top of Page

Topical Bible

Bible Hub