Matthew 4:16 Greek Text Analysis
Matthew 4:16
Text Analysis
Strong'sTransliterationGreekEnglishMorphology
3588 [e]hotheArt-NMS
2992 [e]laosλαὸςpeopleN-NMS
3588 [e]ho - Art-NMS
2521 [e]kathēmenosκαθήμενοςsittingV-PPM/P-NMS
1722 [e]enἐνinPrep
4653 [e]skotiaσκοτίᾳdarkness,N-DFS
5457 [e]phōsφῶςa lightN-ANS
3708 [e]eidenεἶδενhave seenV-AIA-3S
3173 [e]megaμέγα,great,Adj-ANS
2532 [e]kaiκαὶandConj
3588 [e]toisτοῖςto thoseArt-DMP
2521 [e]kathēmenoisκαθημένοιςsittingV-PPM/P-DMP
1722 [e]enἐνin [the]Prep
5561 [e]chōraχώρᾳlandN-DFS
2532 [e]kaiκαὶandConj
4639 [e]skiaσκιᾷshadowN-DFS
2288 [e]thanatouθανάτουof death,N-GMS
5457 [e]phōsφῶςa lightN-NNS
393 [e]aneteilenἀνέτειλενhas dawnedV-AIA-3S
846 [e]autoisαὐτοῖς.on them.PPro-DM3P
Greek Texts
ΚΑΤΑ ΜΑΤΘΑΙΟΝ 4:16 Greek NT: Nestle 1904
ὁ λαὸς ὁ καθήμενος ἐν σκοτίᾳ φῶς εἶδεν μέγα, καὶ τοῖς καθημένοις ἐν χώρᾳ καὶ σκιᾷ θανάτου φῶς ἀνέτειλεν αὐτοῖς.

ΚΑΤΑ ΜΑΤΘΑΙΟΝ 4:16 Greek NT: Westcott and Hort 1881
ὁ λαὸς ὁ καθήμενος ἐν σκοτίᾳ φῶς εἶδεν μέγα, καὶ τοῖς καθημένοις ἐν χώρᾳ καὶ σκιᾷ θανάτου φῶς ἀνέτειλεν αὐτοῖς.

ΚΑΤΑ ΜΑΤΘΑΙΟΝ 4:16 Greek NT: Westcott and Hort / [NA27 and UBS4 variants]
ὁ λαὸς ὁ καθήμενος ἐν σκοτίᾳ / σκότει φῶς εἶδεν μέγα, καὶ τοῖς καθημένοις ἐν χώρᾳ καὶ σκιᾷ θανάτου φῶς ἀνέτειλεν αὐτοῖς.

ΚΑΤΑ ΜΑΤΘΑΙΟΝ 4:16 Greek NT: RP Byzantine Majority Text 2005
ὁ λαὸς ὁ καθήμενος ἐν σκότει εἴδεν φῶς μέγα, καὶ τοῖς καθημένοις ἐν χώρᾳ καὶ σκιᾷ θανάτου, φῶς ἀνέτειλεν αὐτοῖς.

ΚΑΤΑ ΜΑΤΘΑΙΟΝ 4:16 Greek NT: Greek Orthodox Church
ὁ λαὸς ὁ καθήμενος ἐν σκότει φῶς εἶδεν μέγα, καὶ τοῖς καθημένοις ἐν χώρᾳ καὶ σκιᾷ θανάτου φῶς ἀνέτειλεν αὐτοῖς.

ΚΑΤΑ ΜΑΤΘΑΙΟΝ 4:16 Greek NT: Tischendorf 8th Edition
ὁ λαὸς ὁ καθήμενος ἐν σκότει φῶς εἶδεν μέγα, καὶ τοῖς καθημένοις ἐν χώρᾳ καὶ σκιᾷ θανάτου φῶς ἀνέτειλεν αὐτοῖς.

ΚΑΤΑ ΜΑΤΘΑΙΟΝ 4:16 Greek NT: Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894
ὁ λαὸς ὁ καθήμενος ἐν σκότει εἶδε φῶς μέγα, καὶ τοῖς καθημένοις ἐν χώρᾳ καὶ σκιᾷ θανάτου φῶς ἀνέτειλεν αὐτοῖς.

ΚΑΤΑ ΜΑΤΘΑΙΟΝ 4:16 Greek NT: Stephanus Textus Receptus 1550
ὁ λαὸς ὁ καθήμενος ἐν σκότει εἶδε φῶς μέγα καὶ τοῖς καθημένοις ἐν χώρᾳ καὶ σκιᾷ θανάτου φῶς ἀνέτειλεν αὐτοῖς

Matthew 4:16 Hebrew Bible
העם ההלכים בחשך ראו אור גדול וישבי בארץ צלמות אור נגה עליהם׃

Matthew 4:16 Aramaic NT: Peshitta
ܥܡܐ ܕܝܬܒ ܒܚܫܘܟܐ ܢܘܗܪܐ ܪܒܐ ܚܙܐ ܘܐܝܠܝܢ ܕܝܬܒܝܢ ܒܐܬܪܐ ܘܒܛܠܠܐ ܕܡܘܬܐ ܢܘܗܪܐ ܕܢܚ ܠܗܘܢ ܀

Latin: Biblia Sacra Vulgata
populus qui sedebat in tenebris lucem vidit magnam et sedentibus in regione et umbra mortis lux orta est eis

Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
"THE PEOPLE WHO WERE SITTING IN DARKNESS SAW A GREAT LIGHT, AND THOSE WHO WERE SITTING IN THE LAND AND SHADOW OF DEATH, UPON THEM A LIGHT DAWNED."

King James Bible
The people which sat in darkness saw great light; and to them which sat in the region and shadow of death light is sprung up.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The people who live in darkness have seen a great light, and for those living in the shadowland of death, light has dawned.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

which sat in darkness.

Psalm 107:10-14 Such as sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, being bound in …

Isaiah 42:6,7 I the LORD have called you in righteousness, and will hold your hand, …

Isaiah 60:1-3 Arise, shine; for your light is come, and the glory of the LORD is …

Micah 7:8 Rejoice not against me, O my enemy: when I fall, I shall arise; when …

Luke 1:78,79 Through the tender mercy of our God; whereby the dayspring from on …

Luke 2:32 A light to lighten the Gentiles, and the glory of your people Israel.

shadow.

Job 3:5 Let darkness and the shadow of death stain it; let a cloud dwell …

Job 10:22 A land of darkness, as darkness itself; and of the shadow of death, …

Job 34:22 There is no darkness, nor shadow of death, where the workers of iniquity …

Psalm 44:19 Though you have sore broken us in the place of dragons, and covered …

Jeremiah 13:16 Give glory to the LORD your God, before he cause darkness, and before …

Amos 5:8 Seek him that makes the seven stars and Orion, and turns the shadow …

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Matthew 4:15
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