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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

pin'-ing, sik'-nes: In the account of the epileptic boy in Mark 9:18 it is said that "he pineth away." The verb used here (xeraino) means "to dry up," and is the same which is used of the withering of plants, but seldom used in this metaphorical sense. The English word is from the Anglo-Saxon pinjan and is often found in the Elizabethan literature, occurring 13 times in Shakespeare. In the Old Testament it is found in Leviticus 26:39 (bis) and in Ezekiel 24:23 and 33:10. In the Revised Version (British and American) it replaces "consume" in Ezekiel 4:17. In all these passages it is the rendering of the Hebrew maqaq, and means expressly being wasted on account of sin. In Leviticus 26:16 "pine away" is used in the Revised Version (British and American) to replace "cause sorrow of heart," and is the translation of the Hebrew dubh; and in Deuteronomy 28:65 "sorrow of mind" is also replaced in the Revised Version (British and American) by "pining of soul," the word so rendered being de'abhon, which in these two passages is expressive of homesickness. In Isaiah 24:16 the reduplicated exclamation, "my leanness," of the King James Version is changed into "I pine away," the word being razi. The starving people in Lamentations 4:9 are said to pine away, the word so translated being zubh. All these Hebrew words have a general meaning of to dry or to waste or wear away, or to be exhausted by morbid discharges.

Pining sickness in Isaiah 38:12 the King James Version is a mistranslation, the word so rendered, dallah, meaning here the thrum by which the web is tied to the loom. The figure in the verse is that Hezekiah's life is being removed from the earth by his sickness as the web is removed from the loom by having the thrums cut, and being then rolled up. Both the King James Version margin and the Revised Version margin have the correct reading, "from the thrum." Septuagint has erithou eggizouses ektemein, and Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) dum adhuc ordirer, succidit me. The other reading is due to another interpretation of the word which in a few passages, as Jeremiah 52:15, like its root dal, means something small, poor, and decaying or weak, such as the lean kine of Pharaoh's dream (Genesis 41:19).

Alexander Macalister

Strong's Hebrew
3631. killayon -- failing, pining, annihilation
... killayon. 3632 . failing, pining, annihilation. Transliteration: killayon Phonetic
Spelling: (kil-law-yone') Short Definition: destruction. ... pining, destruction ...
/hebrew/3631.htm - 6k

1803. dallah -- hair, thrum
... 1802b, 1803. dallah. 1803a . hair, thrum. Transliteration: dallah Phonetic
Spelling: (dal-law') Short Definition: hair. hair, pining sickness, poorest sort ...
/hebrew/1803.htm - 5k

4352. Maki -- a Gadite
... Machi (1). Machi. Probably from muwk; pining; Maki, an Israelite -- Machi. see
HEBREW muwk. 4351, 4352. Maki. 4353 . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/4352.htm - 5k

536. umlal -- feeble
... feeble. Transliteration: umlal Phonetic Spelling: (oom-lal') Short Definition: away.
Word Origin from amal Definition feeble NASB Word Usage pining away (1). ...
/hebrew/536.htm - 5k

1670. deabah -- faintness, dismay
... sorrow. From da'ab; properly, pining; by analogy, fear -- sorrow. see HEBREW
da'ab. 1669, 1670. deabah. 1671 . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/1670.htm - 6k

1769. Dibon -- a city in Moab, also a place in Judah
... Dibon. Or (shortened) Diybon {dee-bone'}; from duwb; pining -- Dibon, the name of
three places in Palestine -- Dibon. (Also, with Gad added, Dibon-gad.). ...
/hebrew/1769.htm - 6k

1671. deabon -- faintness, languishing
... Word Origin from daeb Definition faintness, languishing NASB Word Usage despair
(1). sorrow. From da'ab; pining -- sorrow. see HEBREW da'ab. 1670, 1671. ...
/hebrew/1671.htm - 6k

3616. kaleh -- a failing
... Word Origin from kalah Definition a failing NASB Word Usage yearn (1). fail. From
kalah; pining -- fail. see HEBREW kalah. 3615, 3616. kaleh. 3617 . ...
/hebrew/3616.htm - 6k

3643. Kimham -- an attendant of David, also a place near Bethlehem
... 4). Chimham. From kamahh; pining; Kimham, an Israelite -- Chimham. see HEBREW
kamahh. 3642, 3643. Kimham. 3644 . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/3643.htm - 6k


A Word from the Beloved's Own Mouth. "And Ye are Clean. " --John ...
... too many are pining as if they were still miserable sinners, and forgetting that
they are in Christ Jesus forgiven sinners, and therefore ought to be happy in ...
// he come/a word from the beloveds.htm

Of the Affectionate Languishing of the Heart Wounded with Love.
... For not only at that instant, but also his whole life after, this poor
Saint went pining and languishing, as sick with very love. ...
/.../francis/treatise on the love of god/chapter xv of the affectionate.htm

When travelling lately through the Simplon
... toils of the day, and longing for grateful repose, he dare give no "sleep to his
eyes, nor slumber to his eye-lids." His child may be lying pining in sickness ...
/.../the cities of refuge or the name of jesus/i when travelling lately through.htm

Chrysostom -- Excessive Grief at the Death of Friends
... to Lazarus. Outwardly, wounds; but underneath these, unspeakable wealth;
a body pining away, but a spirit noble and wakeful. We ...
/.../various/the worlds great sermons volume i/chrysostom excessive grief at.htm

Further Proofs, from Ezekiel. Summary of the Prophetic Argument ...
... ye shall not be able to rest: and there shall be instability of the print [1375]
of thy foot: and God shall give thee a wearying heart, and a pining soul, and ...
/.../tertullian/an answer to the jews/chapter xi further proofs from ezekiel.htm

Malachy's Pity for his Deceased Sister. He Restores the Monastery ...
... the court, and that for thirty entire days she had tasted nothing; and when he awoke
he soon understood the sort of food for want of which she was pining away. ...
/.../chapter ii malachys pity for.htm

The Message.
... Many a Lazarus, pining in want, who can claim no heritage but poverty, no home but
cottage walls, or who, stretched on a bed of protracted sickness, is heard ...
// of bethany/v the message.htm

Embassy from John in Prison to Jesus --Death of John --Relations ...
... Whilst joyous Galilee was celebrating in feasts the coming of the well-beloved,
the sorrowful John, in his prison of Machero, was pining away with expectation ...
/.../renan/the life of jesus/chapter xii embassy from john.htm

Tertullian; Perpetua and Companions (Ad 181-206)
... the guards. But most of all she was distressed about her poor little child,
who was separated from her, and was pining away. Some ...
/.../chapter vi tertullian perpetua and.htm

Of Death and Dying. --Psalm Xc.
... We've borne the cross these weary years, Now let Thy sun be shining, Vouchsafe us
laughter after tears, And pleasure after pining. And evermore, O Lord! ...
/.../gerhardt/paul gerhardts spiritual songs/of death and dying psalm xc.htm

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Pine.

2. (a.) Languishing; drooping; wasting away, as with longing.

3. (a.) Wasting; consuming.

Pining (6 Occurrences)
... 3. (a.) Wasting; consuming. Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. PINING SICKNESS. ... Alexander
Macalister. Multi-Version Concordance Pining (6 Occurrences). ...
/p/pining.htm - 11k

Languishing (6 Occurrences)
... & vb. n.) of Languish. 2. (a.) Becoming languid and weak; pining; losing health
and strength. 3. (a.) Amorously pensive; as, languishing eyes, or look. ...
/l/languishing.htm - 8k

Chilion (3 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary The pining one, the younger son of Elimelech and Naomi,
and husband of Orpah, Ruth's sister (Ruth 1:2; 4:9). Int. ...
/c/chilion.htm - 8k

Sickness (40 Occurrences)
... or malady. 2. (n.) Nausea; qualmishness; as, sickness of stomach. Int. Standard
Bible Encyclopedia. PINING SICKNESS. pin'-ing, sik ...
/s/sickness.htm - 29k

Pinion (4 Occurrences)

/p/pinion.htm - 9k

Weaving (4 Occurrences)
... The rendering, "with pining sickness," in Isaiah 38:12 (AV) should be, as in the
Revised Version, "from the loom," or, as in the margin, "from the thrum." We ...
/w/weaving.htm - 17k

Weavers (4 Occurrences)
... The rendering, "with pining sickness," in Isaiah 38:12 (AV) should be, as in the
Revised Version, "from the loom," or, as in the margin, "from the thrum." We ...
/w/weavers.htm - 9k

Failing (12 Occurrences)
... find no ease, and there shall be no rest for the sole of your foot: but Yahweh will
give you there a trembling heart, and failing of eyes, and pining of soul ...
/f/failing.htm - 10k

Thrum (2 Occurrences)
... A misinterpretation of "hanging down" is responsible for the King James' "pining
sickness.". Multi-Version Concordance Thrum (2 Occurrences). ...
/t/thrum.htm - 8k

Repose (8 Occurrences)
... find no ease, and there shall be no rest for the sole of thy foot: but Jehovah will
give thee there a trembling heart, and failing of eyes, and pining of soul ...
/r/repose.htm - 9k

Bible Concordance
Pining (6 Occurrences)

Mark 9:18 and wherever it comes upon him, it dashes him to the ground, and he foams at the mouth and grinds his teeth, and he is pining away. I begged your disciples to expel it, but they had not the power."

Deuteronomy 28:65 Among these nations you shall find no ease, and there shall be no rest for the sole of your foot: but Yahweh will give you there a trembling heart, and failing of eyes, and pining of soul;

2 Samuel 13:4 And he said to him, Why art thou, being the king's son, pining from day to day? wilt thou not tell me? And Amnon said to him, I love Tamar, my brother Absalom's sister.

Psalms 6:2 Have mercy on me, Yahweh, for I am faint. Yahweh, heal me, for my bones are troubled.
(See NAS)

Isaiah 38:12 Mine age is departed, and is removed from me as a shepherd's tent: I have cut off like a weaver my life: he will cut me off with pining sickness: from day even to night wilt thou make an end of me.

Jeremiah 31:25 For I have satiated the weary soul, and every sorrowful soul have I replenished.
(See JPS)



Pining Sickness

Related Terms

Languishing (6 Occurrences)

Chilion (3 Occurrences)

Sickness (40 Occurrences)

Pinion (4 Occurrences)

Weaving (4 Occurrences)

Weavers (4 Occurrences)

Failing (12 Occurrences)

Thrum (2 Occurrences)

Repose (8 Occurrences)

Ease (46 Occurrences)

Expel (29 Occurrences)

Dashes (4 Occurrences)

Despairing (7 Occurrences)

Despair (23 Occurrences)

Dibon (12 Occurrences)

Pine-tree (2 Occurrences)

Pine (28 Occurrences)

Begged (71 Occurrences)

Chimham (4 Occurrences)

Sole (13 Occurrences)

Sorrow (277 Occurrences)

Trembling (72 Occurrences)

Longing (40 Occurrences)

Fever (13 Occurrences)

Anxious (40 Occurrences)

Faint (76 Occurrences)

Ground (538 Occurrences)

Resting-place (211 Occurrences)

Resting (117 Occurrences)

Foot (193 Occurrences)

Power (862 Occurrences)

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