Wesley's Notes on the Bible
Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging: and whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise.
20:1 A mocker - Wine immoderately drunk makes men mockers. Raging - Makes men full of rage.
The fear of a king is as the roaring of a lion: whoso provoketh him to anger sinneth against his own soul.
20:2 The fear - The terror which the wrath of a king causes.
It is an honour for a man to cease from strife: but every fool will be meddling.
20:3 Meddling - Is always ready to begin strife, and obstinate in the continuance of it.
The sluggard will not plow by reason of the cold; therefore shall he beg in harvest, and have nothing.
Counsel in the heart of man is like deep water; but a man of understanding will draw it out.
20:5 Counsel - Designs of doing something of moment. Deep water - Is secret and hard to be discovered.
Most men will proclaim every one his own goodness: but a faithful man who can find?
The just man walketh in his integrity: his children are blessed after him.
A king that sitteth in the throne of judgment scattereth away all evil with his eyes.
20:8 His eyes - With his very looks, or by his diligent inspection into affairs.
Who can say, I have made my heart clean, I am pure from my sin?
Divers weights, and divers measures, both of them are alike abomination to the LORD.
20:10 Divers - One greater for shew and one lesser for use.
Even a child is known by his doings, whether his work be pure, and whether it be right.
20:11 Is known - The future disposition of a man may be probably conjectured from his childish manners.
The hearing ear, and the seeing eye, the LORD hath made even both of them.
Love not sleep, lest thou come to poverty; open thine eyes, and thou shalt be satisfied with bread.
20:13 Open - Shake off sloth and betake thyself to thy employment with diligence and vigour.
It is naught, it is naught, saith the buyer: but when he is gone his way, then he boasteth.
There is gold, and a multitude of rubies: but the lips of knowledge are a precious jewel.
20:15 The lips - But wise speeches are of far greater worth.
Take his garment that is surety for a stranger: and take a pledge of him for a strange woman.
20:16 Take - As a pledge, without which he ought not to be trusted. Of him - That is surety.
Bread of deceit is sweet to a man; but afterwards his mouth shall be filled with gravel.
Every purpose is established by counsel: and with good advice make war.
20:18 Established - The way to bring our purposes to good effect is to manage them with serious consideration.
He that goeth about as a talebearer revealeth secrets: therefore meddle not with him that flattereth with his lips.
Whoso curseth his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness.
20:20 Lamp - His name and memory shall utterly perish.
An inheritance may be gotten hastily at the beginning; but the end thereof shall not be blessed.
Say not thou, I will recompense evil; but wait on the LORD, and he shall save thee.
Divers weights are an abomination unto the LORD; and a false balance is not good.
Man's goings are of the LORD; how can a man then understand his own way?
20:24 His way - What the issue of his designs will be.
It is a snare to the man who devoureth that which is holy, and after vows to make inquiry.
20:25 A snare - It brings guilt upon him. After - After a man has made vows to enquire for ways to break them.
A wise king scattereth the wicked, and bringeth the wheel over them.
20:26 The wheel - As the cart - wheel was anciently turned over the sheaves to beat the corn out of them. He punishes them as their offences deserve.
The spirit of man is the candle of the LORD, searching all the inward parts of the belly.
20:27 The spirit - The reasonable soul. The candle - Is a clear and glorious light set up in man for his information and direction. Of the Lord - So called because it comes from God in a more immediate manner than the body, Eccles 12:7, and because it is in God's stead, to observe and judge all our actions. Searching - Discerning not only his outward actions, which are visible to others, but his most inward thoughts and affections. The belly is here put for the heart, as it is frequently.
Mercy and truth preserve the king: and his throne is upholden by mercy.
The glory of young men is their strength: and the beauty of old men is the gray head.
The blueness of a wound cleanseth away evil: so do stripes the inward parts of the belly.
20:30 The blueness - Grievous wounds, which make men black and blue; or severe punishments. Cleanseth - Are the means to reclaim a wicked man, and to purge out his corruption. The belly - Of the heart. Grievous wounds or stripes cleanse not only the outward man by keeping it from evil actions, but even the inward man, by expelling or subduing vile affections: which is a great and blessed benefit of afflictions.