Psalm 119:33
Teach me, O LORD, the way of your statutes; and I shall keep it to the end.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)
HE.

(33) To the end.—See Psalm 119:112. This word, used adverbially, is peculiar to this psalm.

HE.

Psalm 119:33-35. Teach me, &c., and I will keep it — Or, that I may keep it; that I may persevere; for apostacy proceeds from the want of wisdom and understanding; unto the end — Hebrew, עקב, to the heel, that is, quite through, from head to foot. Make me to go, &c., in thy commandments — By directing my mind into the right way, by inclining my will, and strengthening my resolution. For therein do I delight — Forsake not him who delighteth in thee, and in thy service; and as thou hast wrought in me to will, do thou also work in me to do.119:33-40 Teach me thy statutes, not the mere words, but the way of applying them to myself. God, by his Spirit, gives a right understanding. But the Spirit of revelation in the word will not suffice, unless we have the Spirit of wisdom in the heart. God puts his Spirit within us, causing us to walk in his statutes. The sin here prayed against is covetousness. Those that would have the love of God rooted in them, must get the love of the world rooted out; for the friendship of the world is enmity with God. Quicken me in thy way; to redeem time, and to do every duty with liveliness of spirit. Beholding vanity deadens us, and slackens our pace; a traveller must not stand gazing upon every object that presents itself to his view. The promises of God's word greatly relate to the preservation of the true believer. When Satan has drawn a child of God into worldly compliances, he will reproach him with the falls into which he led him. Victory must come from the cross of Christ. When we enjoy the sweetness of God's precepts, it will make us long for more acquaintance with them. And where God has wrought to will, he will work to do.Teach me, O Lord, the way of thy statutes - This begins a new division of the psalm, indicated by the letter He (ה h, or "h"). The word rendered "teach" means properly to throw, to cast, to hurl; and then, to teach - as if truth were thrown and scattered abroad. The sentiment is the same as in Psalm 119:12.

And I shall keep it unto the end - Always. To the end of life. His keeping it depended on grace given to him continually to dispose and enable him to do it.

HE. (Ps 119:33-40).

33-38. To encourage us in prayer for divine aid in adhering to His truth, we are permitted to believe that by His help we shall succeed.

the way of thy statutes—that is, the way or manner of life prescribed by them. The help we hope to obtain by prayer is to be the basis on which our resolutions should rest.

HE

Or, that I may keep it, &c. That I may persevere; for apostacy proceeds from the want of a good understanding. HE.--The Fifth Part.

HE. Teach me, O Lord, the way of thy statutes,.... Which they point unto, and direct to walk in; not only the statutes and ordinances themselves, the theory of them, but the practice of them. This is taught in the word, and by the ministers of it; but none so effectually teach as the Lord himself, Isaiah 2:3;

and I shall keep it unto the end; keep the way unto the end of it: or rather to the end of life, all my days, and never depart out of it, or turn to the right hand or the left; but walk on in it as long as I:live: or, "I shall observe it, even the end" (c); the end of the way of thy statutes or commandments. Now the end of the commandment is charity or love, which is the fulfilling of it: though that is perfectly fulfilled by none but by Christ, the end of the law for righteousness, 1 Thessalonians 1:5. The word for "end" signifies a "reward"; so Aben Ezra interprets it, and refers to Psalm 19:11; but Kimchi denies the law is to be kept for the sake of reward; which is right: rather the sense is, I will keep it by way of retribution, or in gratitude for teaching the way. The Targum is,

"and I will keep unto perfection;''

which cannot be done by sinful man.

(c) "et custodiam finem"; so some in Gejerus.

HE. Teach {a} me, O LORD, the way of thy statutes; and I shall keep it unto the end.

(a) He shows that he cannot follow on to the end, unless God teaches him often and leads him forward.

EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)
33. Teach me] Or, instruct me in …; the verb from which tôrâh, ‘instruction,’ ‘law,’ is derived. Cp. Psalm 27:11; Psalm 86:11.

and I shall keep it] Or, that I may keep it; and similarly in Psalm 119:34, that I may keep thy law, yea observe it &c.

unto the end] The word ‘çqeb is generally rendered thus, here and in Psalm 119:112, but it nowhere else has this sense. In Psalm 19:11; Proverbs 22:4, it means reward; and so Baethgen would explain it here; I will keep it as reward. “In Psalm 19:11 a reward is expected for keeping the law: in Psalms 119 the life which is pleasing to God is itself regarded as reward.”

33–40. . A series of prayers for instruction guidance and strength.Verse 33. - Teach me, O Lord, the way of thy statutes. This is the main prayer of the psalm - a prayer for spiritual enlightenment. It occurs eight times (vers. 12, 26, 33, 64, 68, 108, 124, and 135). And I shall keep it unto the end. Either "to the end of my life," or (as Dr. Kay thinks) "to the uttermost." The eightfold Daleth. He is in deep trouble, and prays for consolation and strengthening by means of God's word, to which he resigns himself. His soul is fixed to the dust (Psalm 44:26) in connection with such non-recognition and proscription, and is incapable of raising itself. In Psalm 119:25 he implores new strength and spirits (חיּה as in Psalm 71:20; Psalm 85:7) from God, in conformity with and by reason of His word. He has rehearsed his walk in every detail to God, and has not been left without an answer, which has assured him of His good pleasure: may He then be pleased to advance him ever further and further in the understanding of His word, in order that, though men are against him, he may nevertheless have God on his side, Psalm 119:26-27. The complaint and request expressed in Psalm 119:25 are renewed in Psalm 119:28. דּלף refers to the soul, which is as it were melting away in the trickling down of tears; קיּם is a Piel of Aramaic formation belonging to the later language. In Psalm 119:29-30 the way of lies or of treachery, and the way of faithfulness or of perseverance in the truth, stand in opposition to one another. חנן is construed with a double accusative, inasmuch as תּורה has not the rigid notion of a fixed teaching, but of living empirical instruction. שׁוּה (short for שׁוה לנגד, Psalm 16:8) signifies to put or set, viz., as a norma normans that stands before one's eyes. He cleaves to the testimonies of God; may Jahve not disappoint the hope which to him springs up out of them, according to the promise, Psalm 119:31. He runs, i.e., walks vigorously and cheerfully, in the way of God's commandments, for He has widened his heart, by granting and preserving to the persecuted one the joyfulness of confession and the confidence of hope.
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