Mark 14:18
And as they sat and did eat, Jesus said, Truly I say to you, One of you which eats with me shall betray me.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)
(18) As they sat.—Better, as they reclined.

14:12-21 Nothing could be less the result of human foresight than the events here related. But our Lord knows all things about us before they come to pass. If we admit him, he will dwell in our hearts. The Son of man goes, as it is written of him, as a lamb to the slaughter; but woe to that man by whom he is betrayed! God's permitting the sins of men, and bringing glory to himself out of them, does not oblige them to sin; nor will this be any excuse for their guilt, or lessen their punishment.See this passage explained in the notes at Matthew 26:20-35.Mr 14:12-26. Preparation for, and Last Celebration of, the Passover—Announcement of the Traitor—Institution of the Supper. ( = Mt 26:17-30; Lu 22:7-23, 39; Joh 13:21-30).

See on [1501]Lu 22:7-23; [1502]Lu 22:39; and see on [1503]Joh 13:10, 11; [1504]Joh 13:18, 19; [1505]Joh 13:21-30.

See Poole on "Mark 14:17" And as they sat and did eat,.... Or "as they lay along"; for such was their posture at the eating of the passover; See Gill on Matthew 26:20,

Jesus said, verily I say unto you, one of you which eateth with me shall betray me; See Gill on Matthew 26:21.

{7} And as they sat and did eat, Jesus said, Verily I say unto you, One of you which eateth with me shall betray me.

(7) The types in the law, which are to be fulfilled before long, are cancelled: and in place of them are put symbols of the new covenant corresponding to them, which will continue to the world's end.

EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)
Mark 14:18. ὁ ἐσθίων μετʼ ἐμοῦ: this clause, omitted in Mt., is designed to indicate, not the culprit, but the gravity of his offence = one of you, one who eats bread with me, a table companion.18. And as they sat] Grouping together the four narratives, which, as they approach the Passion, expand into the fulness of a diary, we infer that (i) when the little company had taken their places on the triclinia, the Saviour as Celebrant or Proclaimer of the Feast, remarking that with desire He had desired to eat this Passover before He suffered, took the first cup and divided it amongst them (Luke 22:15-18). (ii) Then followed the unseemly dispute touching priority (Luke 22:24-30), to correct which and to teach them in the most striking manner possible a lesson of humility, He washed His disciples’ feet, covered with dust from their walk along the road from Bethany (John 13:1-11). Then the meal was resumed and He reclined once more at the table (John 13:12), the beloved disciple lying on His right, with his head close to the Redeemer’s breast.

One of you which eateth with me shall betray me] He had already said, after washing their feet, “now ye are clean, but not all” (John 13:10), but at this moment the consciousness of the traitor’s presence so wrought upon Him (John 13:21) that He broke forth into words of yet plainer prediction.Verse 18. - Verily I say unto you, One of you shall betray me, even he that eateth with me (ὁ ἐσθίων μετ ἐμοῦ). Much had doubtless happened before our Lord said this; but St. Mark only records the important circumstances. These words of our Lord were uttered with great solemnity. The presence of the traitor was a burden upon his spirit, and cast a gloom over this usually joyous festival. A question here arises whether Judas remained to partake of the Holy Communion when our Lord instituted it. The greater number of the Fathers, and amongst them Origen, St. Cyril, St. Chrysostom, St. Augustine, and Bede, consider that he was present; and Dionysius says that our Lord's words to him, "That thou doest, do quickly," were intended to separate him from the rest of the twelve as one who had partaken unworthily; and that then it was that Satan entered into him, and impelled him onwards to this terrible sin.
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