The oath which he swore to our father Abraham,
Jump to: Alford • Barnes • Bengel • Benson • BI • Calvin • Cambridge • Clarke • Darby • Ellicott • Expositor's • Exp Dct • Exp Grk • Gaebelein • GSB • Gill • Gray • Haydock • Hastings • Homiletics • ICC • JFB • Kelly • KJT • Lange • MacLaren • MHC • MHCW • Meyer • Parker • PNT • Poole • Pulpit • Sermon • SCO • TTB • VWS • WES • TSK
EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)The oath.—The noun is in apposition to the “covenant” of the preceding verse, though not grammatically in the same case with it.Genesis 22:16-17. It was an oath in which God swore by himself (because he could swear by no greater, Hebrews 6:13-14) that he would surely bless Abraham and his posterity. That promise was now to be entirely fulfilled by the coming of the Messiah.Genesis 18:10, then he confirmed it by his oath, Genesis 22:16. The apostle, to the Hebrews, saith, Hebrews 6:13, When God made promise to Abraham, because he could swear by no greater, he swore by himself. Genesis 22:16. The oath which he sware to our father Abraham,
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)Luke 1:73-75. Ὅρκον] neither accusative of more precise definition (Calvin, Beza, L. Bos, Rosenmüller), nor governed by μνησθῆναι (Euthymius Zigabenus, Olshausen, Bleek), but climactic apposition to διαθήκης ἁγ. αὐτοῦ, in which the accusative is attracted by ὍΝ, Matthew 21:42; 1 Corinthians 10:16; Buttmann, neut. Gr. p. 247 [E. T. 288]; Bornemann, Schol. p. 16 f.
πρός] denotes the swearing to. Comp. Horn. Od. xiv. 331, xix. 288. The expression with the dative is more usual. See the oath itself in Genesis 22:16-18.
τοῦ δοῦναι κ.τ.λ.] in order to grant to us, the purpose, on account of which God swore the oath.
ἐκ χειρὸς κ.τ.λ.] more precisely defines the previous ἈΦΌΒΩς, and that as regards its objective relation. On the accusative ῥυσθέντας (not dative), see Bornemann, l.c.; Pflugk, ad Eur. Med. 815; Krüger, Gramm. Unters. III. § 148.
Luke 1:75. Religious-moral restoration of the people of God. As to the distinction between ὁσιότης and ΔΙΚΑΙΟΣΎΝΗ (Plat. Prot. p. 329 C), see on Ephesians 4:24. Holiness is the divine consecration and inner truth of righteousness, so that the latter without the former would be only external or seeming; both together constitute the justitia spiritualis.
 Μιμνήσκεσθαι is not seldom joined with an accusative by the classical writers (Hom. Il. vi. 222; Herod. vii. 18; Soph. O. R. 1057), but never in the N. T., although it is so in the LXX. and Apocrypha.Luke 1:73. ὅρκον for ὅρκου, depending on μνησθῆναι, a case of inverse attraction, the noun by the relative (ὃν, object of ὤμοσεν) instead of the relative by the noun. Cf. Luke 20:17. Examples from Greek authors in Bornemann, Scholia.73. The oath which he sware] Genesis 12:3; Genesis 17:4; Genesis 22:16-17; comp. Hebrews 7:13-14; Hebrews 7:17.Luke 1:73. Ὅρκον, ὃν) That is ὅρκου, ὃν, [ὅρκου in apposition to διαθήκης, Luke 1:72.] It depends on μνησθῆναι, [to remember] in remembrance of.—τοῦ δοῦναι) On this depends ῥυσθέντας λατρεύειν, i.e. δοῦναι, ἵνα ῥυσθέντες λατρεύσωμεν. The article indicates that the preceding infinitive, ποιῆσαι, is explained by this subsequent infinitive. So also Luke 1:77 compared with the preceding words [ἑτοιμάσαι ὁδοὺς αὐτοῦ, τοῦ δοῦναι]: and also Luke 1:79, and ch. Luke 2:22; Luke 2:24.
 The Genitive (τοῦ δοῦναι) is often used to express the reference in which a thing is taken: as here, “to perform His mercy, viz. in respect to His granting to us.”—ED. and TRANSL.
LinksLuke 1:73 Interlinear
Luke 1:73 Parallel Texts
Luke 1:73 NIV
Luke 1:73 NLT
Luke 1:73 ESV
Luke 1:73 NASB
Luke 1:73 KJV
Luke 1:73 Bible Apps
Luke 1:73 Parallel
Luke 1:73 Biblia Paralela
Luke 1:73 Chinese Bible
Luke 1:73 French Bible
Luke 1:73 German Bible