And he made the holy anointing oil, and the pure incense of sweet spices, according to the work of the apothecary.
EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)
(29) In this verse we have the composition by Bezaleel of the holy oil and the incense, described in Exodus 30:22-25
; Exodus 30:34-35
, related with the utmost brevity.
37:1-29 The making of the ark, and the furniture of the tabernacle. - In the furniture of the tabernacle were emblems of a spiritual and acceptable service. The incense represented the prayers of the saints. The sacrifice of the alter represented the Lamb of God that taketh away the sins of the world. The golden pot with manna, or bread from heaven, the flesh of Jesus Christ, which he gave for the life of the world. The candlestick, with its lights, the teaching and enlightening of the Holy Spirit. The shew-bread represented that provision for those who hunger and thirst after righteousness, which the gospel, the ordinances and the sacraments of the house of prayer, abundantly bestow. The exactness of the workmen to their rule, should be followed by us; seeking for the influences of the Holy Spirit, that we may rejoice in and glorify God while in this world, and at length be with him for ever.See the notes to Exodus 26.
See the notes to Exodus 25.
For Exodus 38:1-7 and Exodus 38:9-20 see the notes to Exodus 27. 17-22. he made the candlestick of pure gold—Practical readers will be apt to say, "Why do such works with the hammer, when they could have been cast so much easier—a process they were well acquainted with?" The only answer that can be given is, that it was done according to order. We have no doubt but there were reasons for so distinctive an order, something significant, which has not been revealed to us [Napier]. The whole of that sacred building was arranged with a view to inculcate through every part of its apparatus the great fundamental principles of revelation. Every object was symbolical of important truth—every piece of furniture was made the hieroglyphic of a doctrine or a duty—on the floor and along the sides of that movable edifice was exhibited, by emblematic signs addressed to the eye, the whole remedial scheme of the gospel. How far this spiritual instruction was received by every successive generation of the Israelites, it may not be easy to determine. But the tabernacle, like the law of which it was a part, was a schoolmaster to Christ [Ga 3:24, 25]. Just as the walls of schools are seen studded with pictorial figures, by which the children, in a manner level to their capacities and suited to arrest their volatile minds, are kept in constant and familiar remembrance of the lessons of piety and virtue, so the tabernacle was intended by its furniture and all its arrangements to serve as a "shadow of good things to come" [Heb 10:1]. In this view, the minute description given in this chapter respecting the ark and mercy seat, the table of showbread, the candlestick, the altar of incense, and the holy oil, were of the greatest utility and importance; and though there are a few things that are merely ornamental appendages, such as the knops and the flowers, yet, in introducing these into the tabernacle, God displayed the same wisdom and goodness as He has done by introducing real flowers into the kingdom of nature to engage and gratify the eye of man. No text from Poole on this verse. And Bezaleel made the ark of shittim wood,.... Jarchi says, because he gave his mind to this work more than the rest of the wise men, it is called by his name. It is a notion of some Jewish writers that the ark was made by Bezaleel, without the help of others; but there is no sufficient reason to be given for it; for other things are equally ascribed to him in this and the following chapter, as the mercy seat with the cherubim, the shewbread table, the candlestick of pure gold, the two altars, the laver of brass, with other things, which are only said to be made by him, because they were made by his direction, and he having the oversight of them while making; wherefore Aben Ezra observes, that this is particularly said for the glory of the ark. Of the ark, and all other things mentioned in this chapter; see Gill on Exodus 25:1 &c. to end of chapter; see Gill on Exodus 30:1 &c. to end of chapter. And he made the holy anointing oil, and the pure incense of sweet spices, according to the work of the apothecary.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)29
. The holy Anointing Oil, and the Incense. A summary abridgement of Exodus 30:22-25
; Exodus 30:34-35
; Exodus 30:26-33
; Exodus 30:36-38
, also, being not repeated.Verse 29.
- The holy anointing oil
. For the composition of the oil, see Exodus 30:23-25
; for the uses whereto it was to be applied, ib
, 26-30. The pure incense of sweet spices
. The composition of the incense is given in Exodus 30:34, 35
. It is there said to have been "a confection after the art of the apothecary - tempered together, pure and holy." The combination of artistic power with practical knowledge in Bezaleel and Ahollab calls to mind cinque-cento
Italy, and the wonderful grasp of art and science possessed by Michael Angelo and Benvenuto Cellini
Preparation of the vessels of the dwelling: viz., the ark of the covenant (Exodus 37:1-9
, as in Exodus 25:10-22
); the table of shew-bread and its vessels (Exodus 37:10-16
, as in Exodus 25:23-30
); the candlestick (Exodus 37:17-24
, as in Exodus 25:31-40
); the altar of incense (Exodus 37:25-28
, as in Exodus 30:1-10
); the anointing oil and incense (Exodus 37:29
), directions for the preparation of which are given in Exodus 30:22-38
; the altar of burnt-offering (Exodus 38:1-7
, as in Exodus 27:1-8
); the laver (Exodus 37:8
, as in Exodus 30:17-21
); and the court (Exodus 37:9-20
, as in Exodus 27:9-19
). The order corresponds on the whole to the list of the separate articles in Exodus 35:11-19
, and to the construction of the entire sanctuary; but the holy chest (the ark), as being the most holy thing of all, is distinguished above all the rest, by being expressly mentioned as the work of Bezaleel, the chief architect of the whole.
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