For all his days are sorrows, and his travail grief; yes, his heart takes not rest in the night. This is also vanity.
Jump to: Barnes • Benson • BI • Cambridge • Clarke • Darby • Ellicott • Expositor's • Exp Dct • Gaebelein • GSB • Gill • Gray • Haydock • Hastings • Homiletics • JFB • KD • Kelly • KJT • Lange • MacLaren • MHC • MHCW • Parker • Poole • Pulpit • Sermon • SCO • TTB • WES • TSK
EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)Ecclesiastes 1:13.For all his days are sorrows; or, though all his days were sorrows, i.e. full of sorrows. For this seems added to aggravate the evil mentioned in the foregoing verse. Though he took great and unwearied pains all his days, yet after death he hath no more benefit by it than another man hath.
His travail grief; the toils of his body are, or were, accompanied with the vexations of his mind.
Taketh not rest in the night; either because his mind is distracted, or his sleep broken, with perplexing cares and fears. Genesis 47:9;
yea, his heart taketh not rest in the night; which is appointed for rest and ease; and when laid down on his bed for it, as the word signifies; yet, either through an eager desire of getting wealth, or through anxious and distressing cares for the keeping it when gotten, he cannot sleep quietly and comfortably, his carking cares and anxious thoughts keep him waking; or, if he sleeps, his mind is distressed with dreams and frightful apprehensions of things, so that his sleep is not sweet and refreshing to him.For all his days are sorrows, and his travail grief; yea, his heart taketh not rest in the night. This is also vanity.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)23. yea, his heart taketh not rest in the night] The verse speaks out the experience of the men who labour for that which does not profit. There is no real pleasure, even at the time. The “cares of this world” come together with “the pleasures of this life” (Luke 8:14). We trace the same yearning after the “sweet sleep” that lies in the far-off past as in ch. Ecclesiastes 5:12, perhaps also in the “almond tree” of ch. Ecclesiastes 12:5. So has the great master-poet portrayed the wakefulness of successful ambition, the yearning for the sleep of the “smoky crib,” or even of the ship-boy on the mast, the terrible conclusion,
“Uneasy lies the head that wears a crown.”
Shakespeare, Henry IV. Part II. Act iii. 1.
No “poppies” or “mandragora” can restore that sleep to the slave of mammon or the worn out sensualist.Verse 23. - All his days are sorrow, and his travail grief (comp. Ecclesiastes 5:16, 17). These are the real results of his lifelong efforts. All his days are pains and sorrows, bring trouble with them, and all his labor ends in grief. "Sorrows" and "grief" are pretreated respectively of "days" and "travail." Abstract nouns are often so used. Thus Ecclesiastes 10:12, "The words of a wise man's mouth are grace." The free-thinkers in Wisd. 2:1 complain that life is short and tedious (λυπηρὸς). Yea, his heart taketh not rest in the night. He cannot sleep for thinking over his plans and hopes and disappointments. Not for him is the sweet sleep of the laboring man, who does his day's work, earns his repose, and frets not about the future. On the one hand care, on the ether satiety, murder sleep, and make the night torment. Esther 3:9, etc., cf. Psalm 16:6, and as synon. with בּעיני or לפני (cf. Daniel 3:32), according to which Symmachus: κακὸν γάρ μοι ἐφάνη. This al belongs to the more modern usus loq., cf. Ewald, 217i. The end of the song was also again the grievous ceterum censeo: Vanity, and a labour which has wind as its goal, wind as its fruit.
LinksEcclesiastes 2:23 Interlinear
Ecclesiastes 2:23 Parallel Texts
Ecclesiastes 2:23 NIV
Ecclesiastes 2:23 NLT
Ecclesiastes 2:23 ESV
Ecclesiastes 2:23 NASB
Ecclesiastes 2:23 KJV
Ecclesiastes 2:23 Bible Apps
Ecclesiastes 2:23 Parallel
Ecclesiastes 2:23 Biblia Paralela
Ecclesiastes 2:23 Chinese Bible
Ecclesiastes 2:23 French Bible
Ecclesiastes 2:23 German Bible