Deuteronomy 12:1
These are the statutes and judgments, which ye shall observe to do in the land, which the LORD God of thy fathers giveth thee to possess it, all the days that ye live upon the earth.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)
XII.

(1) These are the statutes and judgments.—The word Mitzvah—commandment, or duty—is not used here. Particular institutions and requirements are now before us.

Deuteronomy 12:1. These are the statutes — Moses, being still deeply impressed with a sense of the great danger his nation would be in of falling into idolatrous practices, after their settlement in the promised land, in the neighbourhood of so many superstitious nations, begins here a new exhortation to them, reminding them of the laws provided against it, as the indispensable conditions of their happy and peaceful enjoyment of that fruitful country.

12:1-4 Moses comes to the statutes he had to give in charge to Israel; and begins with such as relate to the worship of God. The Israelites are charged not to bring the rites and usages of idolaters into the worship of God; not under colour of making it better. We cannot serve God and mammon; nor worship the true God and idols; nor depend upon Christ Jesus and upon superstitious or self-righteous confidences.Moses now passes on to apply Deuteronomy 12-26 the leading principles of the Decalogue to the ecclesiastical, civil, and social life of the people. Particulars will be noticed which are unique to the Law as given in Deuteronomy; and even in laws repeated from the earlier books various new circumstances and details are introduced. This is only natural. The Sinaitic legislation was nearly 40 years old and had been given under conditions of time, place, and circumstance different and distant from those now present. Yet the Sinaitic system, far from being set aside or in any way abrogated, is on the contrary throughout presupposed and assumed. Its existence and authority are taken as the starting-point for what is here prescribed, and an accurate acquaintance with it on the part of the people is taken for granted. CHAPTER 12

De 12:1-15. Monuments of Idolatry to Be Destroyed.

1. These are the statutes and judgments, which ye shall observe—Having in the preceding chapter inculcated upon the Israelites the general obligation to fear and love God, Moses here enters into a detail of some special duties they were to practise on their obtaining possession of the promised land.They are commanded to destroy all the places of idolatry, Deu 12:1-3; and must worship God in his own place, and after his will, Deu 12:4-15. The eating of blood prohibited, Deu 12:16. Where and how they should eat the tithe, Deu 12:17,18. The Levite not to be forsaken, Deu 12:19. They may eat flesh clean or unclean any where, Deu 12:20-22; but not the blood, Deu 12:23-25. Holy things to be eaten at the altar of the Lord, Deu 12:26-28. They are forbidden to inquire after the heathen worship, Deu 12:29,30; or to worship the true God as they, Deu 12:31; but to keep to the law in their worship, Deu 12:32.

No text from Poole on this verse.

These are the statutes and judgments which ye shall observe to do,.... Which are recorded in this and the following chapters; here a new discourse begins, and which perhaps was delivered at another time, and respects things that were to be observed:

in the land which the Lord God of thy fathers giveth thee to possess it; the land of Canaan, often described by this circumlocution, to put them in mind that it was promised to their fathers by their covenant God, was his gift to them, and which they would quickly be in the possession of; and therefore when in it should be careful to observe the statutes and judgments of God constantly:

even all the days that ye live upon the earth; or land, the land of Canaan; for though there were some laws binding upon them, live where they would, there were others peculiar to the land of Canaan, which they were to observe as long as they and their posterity lived there; see 1 Kings 8:40.

These are the statutes and judgments, which ye shall observe to do in the land, which the LORD God {a} of thy fathers giveth thee to possess it, all the days that ye live upon the earth.

(a) By which they are admonished to seek no other God.

EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)
1. These are the statutes and the judgements] As in Deuteronomy 6:1 but minus the Commandment or Charge (Miṣwah) because this, the introductory enforcement of the religious principles on which the laws are based, is now finished.

observe to do] See on Deuteronomy 4:6, Deuteronomy 5:1.

God of thy fathers] See on Deuteronomy 6:3.

all the days, etc.] Cp. Deuteronomy 4:9-10, Deuteronomy 31:13.

Ver 1. - These are the statutes and judgments (cf. Deuteronomy 4:1; Deuteronomy 6:1). Moses, as the servant of God, had taught Israel statutes and rights, as God had commanded him (Deuteronomy 4:5); and now he recapitulates the principal of these for their guidance in the way of obedience. These they were to observe all the days of their life upon the land that was to be given them; the land was the Lord's, and there, as long as they possessed it, the Law of the Lord was to be paramount. Deuteronomy 12:1On the heading in Deuteronomy 12:1, see chs. Deuteronomy 6:1 and Deuteronomy 4:1. "All the days that ye live" relates to the more distant clause, "which ye shall observe," etc. (cf. Deuteronomy 4:10).
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