Surely there shall not one of these men of this evil generation see that good land, which I swore to give to your fathers.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)Surely . . . Comp. St. Luke 14:24, “None of those men which were bidden shall taste of my supper.”
The following verses to the end of the chapter give a condensed account, the fuller one being in Numbers 13-14, of the occurrences which led to the banishment of the people for 40 years into the wilderness.
which I sware to give unto your fathers; Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; see Deuteronomy 1:8.Surely there shall not one of these men of this evil generation see that good land, which I sware to give unto your fathers.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)35. of this evil generation] Omit of; the clause being in apposition to these men. It is not in the LXX and is generally taken as a later explanation that these men are not merely the spies but the whole adult generation (Dillm). Whether a gloss or not the explanation is correct.
the good land] JE, Numbers 14:23; Exodus 3:8, a good land; cp. Numbers 13:19, whether good or bad; P, Numbers 14:7, a very, very good land. Contrast the frequency of the phrase in D and deuteronomic passages, Deuteronomy 3:25, Deuteronomy 4:21 f., Deuteronomy 6:18, Deuteronomy 8:7; Deuteronomy 8:10, Deuteronomy 9:6, Deuteronomy 11:17; Joshua 23:16 : a good soil, Joshua 23:13; Joshua 23:15.
to give] Sam. and LXX omit.Verses 35, 36. - They were all, the whole generation of them, evil, and therefore not a man of them should see the good land which God had promised to their fathers, with the exception of Caleb, who had wholly followed the Lord - had remained steadfast and faithful whilst the others fell away. Joshua also was exempted from this doom; but before mentioning him, Moses refers to himself as having also come under the Divine displeasure. Numbers 13; all that is mentioned there (Deuteronomy 1:6-9) being the effort made by Joshua and Caleb to stir up the people, and that on account of the effects which followed the courageous bearing of these two men, so far as their own future history was concerned. The words "goeth before you," in Deuteronomy 1:30, are resumed in Deuteronomy 1:33, and carried out still further. "Jehovah,...He shall fight for you according to all (כּכל) that," i.e., in exactly the same manner, as, "He did for you in Egypt," especially at the crossing of the Red Sea (Exodus 14), "and in the wilderness, which thou hast seen (ראית, as in Deuteronomy 1:19), where (אשׁר without בּו in a loose connection; see Ewald, 331, c. and 333, a.) Jehovah thy God bore thee as a man beareth his son;" i.e., supported, tended, and provided for thee in the most fatherly way (see the similar figure in Numbers 11:12, and expanded still more fully in Psalm 23:1-6).
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