And they turned and went up into the mountain, and came to the valley of Eshcol, and searched it out.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)The valley of Eshcol.—See Numbers 13:24.Deuteronomy 1:24-25. Eshcol — That is, grapes, so called from the goodly cluster of grapes which they brought from thence. It is a good land — So they said unanimously, Numbers 13:27. Only they added, that they were not a match for the inhabitants of it, as is intimated Deuteronomy 1:28.
The following verses to the end of the chapter give a condensed account, the fuller one being in Numbers 13-14, of the occurrences which led to the banishment of the people for 40 years into the wilderness.The valley, or, the brook: the word signifies both, for brooks commonly run in valleys.
Of Eshcol, i.e. of grapes, so called from the goodly cluster of grapes which they brought from thence, Numbers 13:23. Numbers 13:17.
and came unto the valley of Eshcol; so called from the cluster of grapes they cut down there, as they returned:And they turned and went up into the mountain, and came unto the valley of Eshcol, and searched it out.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)24. and they turned] See on Deuteronomy 1:7.
the mountain] The Mt of the Amorite: see on Deuteronomy 1:7. So JE, Numbers 13:17, but it adds through the Negeb; see on Deuteronomy 1:20.
the valley of Eshcol] LXX φάραγξ βότρυος, ‘ravine of the cluster’; but Heb. naḥal is the Ar. wâdy, a valley with a winter-stream, Gk χειμάῤῥοος, Ital. fiumara. Heb. ’eshkôl is the Ar. ’ithkâl (weakened from ‘ithkâl with initial ‘ayin), a cluster of dates or palm-branch with clusters, and means a cluster of dates, Song of Solomon 7:8, or of grapes as here (dates not ripening so high as Ḥebron). As a place-name Eshkôl occurs elsewhere only in P, Numbers 32:9; but in Genesis 14:13; Genesis 14:24 as the name of a person, the brother of Mamre the Ạmorite at Ḥebron. The neighbourhood of Ḥebron is fertile with numerous springs, and the vine flourishes there. Baedeker (5th ed. 134) reports to the N.W. a Wâdy Iskâhil. While JE and D take the spies no further than Ḥebron, P, Numbers 13:2; Numbers 13:17; Numbers 13:21; Numbers 13:25, describes them as exploring the whole land, from the wilderness of Ṣin to Reḥob, the entry to Ḥamath, and as taking 40 days.Deuteronomy 1:16): "Ye shall hear between your brethren," i.e., hear both parties as mediators, "and judge righteously, without respect of person." פּנים הכּיר, to look at the face, equivalent to פּנים נשׁא (Leviticus 19:15), i.e., to act partially (cf. Exodus 23:2-3). "The judgment is God's," i.e., appointed by God, and to be administered in the name of God, or in accordance with His justice; hence the expression "to bring before God" (Exodus 21:6; Exodus 22:7, etc.). On the difficult cases which the judges were to bring before Moses, see at Exodus 18:26.
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