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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

re-venj', re-venj'-er: The same Hebrew and Greek words are used to express the idea of "to avenge" and "to revenge" (naqam, or derivative; ekdikeo, or derivative). In English these words are synonymous in that they are both used to express the infliction of punishment upon the wrongdoer, but "to take revenge" may also imply a spiteful, wrong or malignant spirit. In the latter case, the Revised Version (British and American) preserves "revenge" (compare Jeremiah 20:10 Ezekiel 25:15; Ezekiel 25:17 is an anthropomorphism), but, wherever it is synonymous with "avenge," this word is used (compare Numbers 31:2, 3 Psalm 79:10 Nahum 1:2; Jdt 13:20; Romans 13:4 2 Corinthians 7:11; 2 Corinthians 10:6 the Revised Version (British and American); the King James Version has "revenge" in all these cases). In Deuteronomy 32:42, the King James Version "revenge" is a wrong translation. Read with the Revised Version (British and American) "from the head of the leaders of the enemy" or the Revised Version margin "the hairy head of the enemy."


A. L. Breslich

1556. ekdikeo -- to vindicate, to avenge
... Definition to vindicate, to avenge NASB Word Usage avenged (1), avenging (1), protection (2), legal protection (2), punish (1), take...revenge (1 ...
// - 7k
Strong's Hebrew
5360. neqamah -- vengeance
... Word Origin fem. of naqam Definition vengeance NASB Word Usage avenged (1), full
vengeance (2), revenge (2), vengeance (22). avenge, revenge, vengeance. ...
/hebrew/5360.htm - 6k

5358. naqam -- to avenge, take vengeance
... NASB Word Usage avenge (9), avenged (5), avenger (2), avenging (2), exact (1), execute
(1), punished (1), revengeful (1), take (2), take revenge (1), take ...
/hebrew/5358.htm - 6k

6546. pera -- perhaps leader
... avenging, revenge. Feminine of pera' (in the sense of beginning); leadership (plural
concretely, leaders) -- + avenging, revenge. see HEBREW pera'. 6545, 6546 ...
/hebrew/6546.htm - 6k

5359. naqam -- vengeance
... avenged, quarrel, vengeance. From naqam; revenge -- + avenged, quarrel, vengeance.
see HEBREW naqam. 5358, 5359. naqam. 5360 . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/5359.htm - 6k


Of Revenge.
... Chapter X."Of Revenge. There is, too, another chief spur of impatience, the lust
of revenge, dealing with the business either of glory or else of malice. ...
// patience/chapter x of revenge.htm

January the Twenty-Ninth Noble Revenge
... JANUARY The Twenty-ninth NOBLE REVENGE. ... That is the noblest revenge, and in those
moments David had intimate knowledge of the spirit of his Lord. ...
/.../january the twenty-ninth noble revenge.htm

Fulfilling of the Law in the Higher Sense. --Particular Examples ...
... Fulfilling of the Law in the Higher Sense."Particular Examples, viz., (1.) Murder;
(2.) Adultery; (3.) Divorce; (4.) Perjury; (5.) Revenge; (6.) National ...
/.../section 155 fulfilling of the.htm

The Seventh Season,
... The spirit that is in us lusteth to revenge; but it must not be so. ... 1. Urge upon
your heart the severe prohibitions of revenge contained in the law of God. ...
// keeping the heart/vii the seventh season.htm

Whether the virtues Annexed to Justice are Suitably Enumerated?
... ii, 53] reckons six, viz. "religion, piety, gratitude, revenge, observance, truth."
Now revenge is seemingly a species of commutative justice whereby revenge ...
/.../aquinas/summa theologica/whether the virtues annexed to.htm

Whether There was Anger in Christ?
... Hence anger is a passion composed of sorrow and the desire of revenge. Now
it was said [4039](A[6]) that sorrow could be in Christ. ...
/...// theologica/whether there was anger in.htm

Whether the Philosopher Suitably Assigns the Species of Anger?
... iv, 5) that "ill-tempered" or "stern" persons "are those whose anger is not appeased
without revenge, or punishment." Now this also pertains to the ...
/.../aquinas/summa theologica/whether the philosopher suitably assigns.htm

Whether it is Lawful to be Angry?
... not hate thy brother in thy heart." Now it would seem unlawful to desire vengeance,
since this should be left to God, according to Dt.32:35, "Revenge is Mine ...
/...// theologica/whether it is lawful to 26.htm

Whether Vengeance is Lawful?
... But vengeance belongs to God, for it is written (Dt.32:35, Rom.12:19): "Revenge
to Me, and I will repay." Therefore all vengeance is unlawful. ...
/.../ theologica/whether vengeance is lawful.htm

Whether Anger is a Sin?
... First, in relation to the appetible object to which anger tends, and that
is revenge. Wherefore if one desire revenge to be taken ...
// theologica/whether anger is a sin.htm

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (v. t.) To inflict harm in return for, as an injury, insult, etc.; to exact satisfaction for, under a sense of injury; to avenge; -- followed either by the wrong received, or by the person or thing wronged, as the object, or by the reciprocal pronoun as direct object, and a preposition before the wrong done or the wrongdoer.

2. (v. t.) To inflict injury for, in a spiteful, wrong, or malignant spirit; to wreak vengeance for maliciously.

3. (v. i.) To take vengeance; -- with

4. (n.) The act of revenging; vengeance; retaliation; a returning of evil for evil.

5. (n.) The disposition to revenge; a malignant wishing of evil to one who has done us an injury.

Revenge (13 Occurrences)
... 5. (n.) The disposition to revenge; a malignant wishing of evil to one who has done
us an injury. Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. REVENGE; REVENGER. ...
/r/revenge.htm - 12k

Blood-revenge. Bloodrevenge, Blood-revenge. Bloodshed . Int. Standard
Bible Encyclopedia BLOOD-REVENGE. blud-re-venj': See AVENGER. ...
/b/blood-revenge.htm - 6k

Revenger (5 Occurrences)
... Noah Webster's Dictionary (n.) One who revenges. Int. Standard Bible
Encyclopedia. REVENGE; REVENGER. re-venj', re-venj'-er: The same ...
/r/revenger.htm - 9k

Revengeful (3 Occurrences)
... Noah Webster's Dictionary (a.) Full of, or prone to, revenge; vindictive; malicious;
revenging; wreaking revenge. Multi-Version Concordance ...
/r/revengeful.htm - 7k

Samson (37 Occurrences)
... For this Samson took revenge by burning the "standing corn of the Philistines"
(15:1-8), who, in their turn, in revenge "burnt her and her father with fire ...
/s/samson.htm - 37k

Vengeance (63 Occurrences)
... 1. (n.) Punishment inflicted in return for an injury or an offense; retribution; --
often, in a bad sense, passionate or unrestrained revenge. ...
/v/vengeance.htm - 26k

... Being unable to get the better of Onias and thirsting for revenge, Simon went to
Apollonius, governor of Coele-Syria and Phoenicia, and informed him of the ...
/o/onias.htm - 10k

Wreak (1 Occurrence)
... 2. (vi) To reck; to care. 3. (vt) To revenge; to avenge. 4. (vt) Revenge; vengeance;
furious passion; resentment. Multi-Version Concordance ...
/w/wreak.htm - 6k

Tamar (28 Occurrences)
... This promise was not fulfilled, and hence Tamar's revenge and Judah's great guilt
(38:12-30). ... This brought upon Amnon the terrible revenge of Absalom. ...
/t/tamar.htm - 21k

Bloodrevenge. Blood-red, Bloodrevenge. Blood-revenge . Int. ... BLOOD-REVENGE.
blud-re-venj': See AVENGER. Blood-red, Bloodrevenge. Blood-revenge . ...
/b/bloodrevenge.htm - 6k

Bible Concordance
Revenge (13 Occurrences)

Romans 12:19 Don't seek revenge yourselves, beloved, but give place to God's wrath. For it is written, "Vengeance belongs to me; I will repay, says the Lord."

2 Corinthians 10:6 And having in a readiness to revenge all disobedience, when your obedience is fulfilled.

Leviticus 19:18 "'You shall not take vengeance, nor bear any grudge against the children of your people; but you shall love your neighbor as yourself. I am Yahweh.
(See NIV)

Judges 15:7 Samson said to them, "If you behave like this, surely I will be avenged of you, and after that I will cease."

Judges 16:28 Samson called to Yahweh, and said, "Lord Yahweh, remember me, please, and strengthen me, please, only this once, God, that I may be at once avenged of the Philistines for my two eyes."
(See NIV)

1 Samuel 18:25 Saul said, "You shall tell David,'The king desires no dowry except one hundred foreskins of the Philistines, to be avenged of the king's enemies.'" Now Saul thought to make David fall by the hand of the Philistines.
(See NIV)

Psalms 44:16 For the voice of him that taunteth and blasphemeth; by reason of the enemy and the revengeful.
(Root in JPS NIV)

Proverbs 6:34 For bitter is the wrath of an angry husband; in the day of punishment he will have no mercy.

Jeremiah 15:15 O LORD, thou knowest: remember me, and visit me, and revenge me of my persecutors; take me not away in thy longsuffering: know that for thy sake I have suffered rebuke.

Jeremiah 20:10 For I have heard the defaming of many, terror on every side. Denounce, and we will denounce him, say all my familiar friends, those who watch for my fall; perhaps he will be persuaded, and we shall prevail against him, and we shall take our revenge on him.

Ezekiel 24:8 That it may cause wrath to come up to take vengeance, I have set her blood on the bare rock, that it should not be covered.
(See NIV)

Ezekiel 25:12 Thus says the Lord Yahweh: Because Edom has dealt against the house of Judah by taking vengeance, and has greatly offended, and revenged himself on them;

Ezekiel 25:15 Thus says the Lord Yahweh: Because the Philistines have dealt by revenge, and have taken vengeance with despite of soul to destroy with perpetual enmity;



Revenge by Absalom

Revenge by Ahab

Revenge by Haman

Revenge by Herodias

Revenge by James and John

Revenge by Jezebel

Revenge by Joab

Revenge by Samson

Revenge by Simeon and Levi

Revenge by the Chief Priests

Revenge by the Edomites

Revenge by the Philistines

Revenge: Absalom

Revenge: Ahab

Revenge: Be Thankful for Being Kept from Taking

Revenge: Chief Priests

Revenge: Christ an Example of Forbearing

Revenge: Edomites

Revenge: Forbidden

Revenge: Forbidden by Our Lord

Revenge: Haman

Revenge: Herodias

Revenge: Inconsistent With Christian Spirit

Revenge: Inconsistent With the Will of Christ

Revenge: Instead of Taking, we should Bless

Revenge: Instead of Taking, we should Exercise Forbearance

Revenge: Instead of Taking, we should Exhibit Love

Revenge: Instead of Taking, we should Give Place to Wrath

Revenge: Instead of Taking, we should Overcome Others by Kindness

Revenge: Instead of Taking, we should Trust in God

Revenge: James and John

Revenge: Jesus an Example of Forbearing

Revenge: Jews

Revenge: Jezebel

Revenge: Joab

Revenge: Keep Others from Taking

Revenge: Philistines

Revenge: Proceeds from a Spiteful Heart

Revenge: Punishment For

Revenge: Rebuked by Christ

Revenge: Rebuked by Jesus

Revenge: Samson

Revenge: Simon and Levi

Revenge: The Wicked are Earnest After

Related Terms


Revenger (5 Occurrences)

Revengeful (3 Occurrences)

Samson (37 Occurrences)

Vengeance (63 Occurrences)


Wreak (1 Occurrence)

Tamar (28 Occurrences)


Avenge (27 Occurrences)

Absalom (93 Occurrences)

Revenging (1 Occurrence)

Joab (128 Occurrences)

Anger (387 Occurrences)

Bloodshed (43 Occurrences)

Jacob (361 Occurrences)

Law (670 Occurrences)

Vehement (10 Occurrences)

Zalmunna (9 Occurrences)

Zebah (9 Occurrences)

Never-ending (2 Occurrences)

Olive (61 Occurrences)

Jotham (26 Occurrences)

Lamech (11 Occurrences)

Gibeah (52 Occurrences)


Fire (602 Occurrences)

Fury (152 Occurrences)

Take (11064 Occurrences)

Repay (79 Occurrences)

Revengefully (2 Occurrences)

Revenged (2 Occurrences)

Refuge (111 Occurrences)

Revels (2 Occurrences)

Dinah (7 Occurrences)

Defence (48 Occurrences)

Defaming (3 Occurrences)

Denounce (8 Occurrences)

Displeasure (12 Occurrences)

Despite (18 Occurrences)

Disdain (6 Occurrences)

Despiteful (3 Occurrences)

Baalhazor (1 Occurrence)

Baal-hazor (1 Occurrence)

Bigthan (1 Occurrence)

Belongs (127 Occurrences)

Bigthana (2 Occurrences)

Clearing (11 Occurrences)

Cruelty (8 Occurrences)

Curse (211 Occurrences)

Cruel (196 Occurrences)

Avenger (18 Occurrences)

Asahel (17 Occurrences)

Approve (14 Occurrences)

Abishai (25 Occurrences)

Amnon (23 Occurrences)

Appetite (22 Occurrences)


Amasa (13 Occurrences)

Approved (18 Occurrences)

Selfsame (18 Occurrences)

Sorrowed (3 Occurrences)

Nest (22 Occurrences)

Tree (245 Occurrences)

Enmity (23 Occurrences)

Malice (24 Occurrences)

Beloved (117 Occurrences)

Cain (18 Occurrences)

Wrought (186 Occurrences)

Sort (143 Occurrences)

Sennacherib (13 Occurrences)

Carefulness (6 Occurrences)

Hatred (30 Occurrences)

Persuaded (40 Occurrences)

Room (174 Occurrences)

Slip (22 Occurrences)

Simon (75 Occurrences)

Pay (212 Occurrences)

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