1 Samuel 19:9
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
But an evil spirit from the LORD came on Saul as he was sitting in his house with his spear in his hand. While David was playing the lyre,

New Living Translation
But one day when Saul was sitting at home, with spear in hand, the tormenting spirit from the LORD suddenly came upon him again. As David played his harp,

English Standard Version
Then a harmful spirit from the LORD came upon Saul, as he sat in his house with his spear in his hand. And David was playing the lyre.

New American Standard Bible
Now there was an evil spirit from the LORD on Saul as he was sitting in his house with his spear in his hand, and David was playing the harp with his hand.

King James Bible
And the evil spirit from the LORD was upon Saul, as he sat in his house with his javelin in his hand: and David played with his hand.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Now an evil spirit sent from the LORD came on Saul as he was sitting in his palace holding a spear. David was playing the lyre,

International Standard Version
The evil spirit from the LORD attacked Saul while he was sitting in his house with his spear in his hand and David was playing the lyre.

NET Bible
Then an evil spirit from the LORD came upon Saul. He was sitting in his house with his spear in his hand, while David was playing the lyre.

New Heart English Bible
An evil spirit from the LORD was on Saul, as he sat in his house with his spear in his hand; and David was playing with his hand.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then an evil spirit from the LORD came over Saul while he was sitting in his house with his spear in his hand. David was strumming a tune.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And an evil spirit from the LORD was upon Saul, as he sat in his house with his spear in his hand; and David was playing with his hand.

New American Standard 1977
Now there was an evil spirit from the LORD on Saul as he was sitting in his house with his spear in his hand, and David was playing the harp with his hand.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the evil spirit from the LORD was upon Saul as he sat in his house with his spear in his hand, and David played with his hand.

King James 2000 Bible
And the evil spirit from the LORD was upon Saul, as he sat in his house with his javelin in his hand: and David played with his hand.

American King James Version
And the evil spirit from the LORD was on Saul, as he sat in his house with his javelin in his hand: and David played with his hand.

American Standard Version
And an evil spirit from Jehovah was upon Saul, as he sat in his house with his spear in his hand; and David was playing with his hand.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the evil spirit from the Lord came upon Saul, and he sat in his house, and held a spear in his hand: and David played with his hand.

Darby Bible Translation
And an evil spirit from Jehovah was upon Saul. And he sat in his house with his spear in his hand; and David played with his hand.

English Revised Version
And an evil spirit from the LORD was upon Saul as he sat in his house with his spear in his hand; and David played with his hand.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the evil spirit from the LORD was upon Saul, as he sat in his house with his javelin in his hand: and David played with his hand.

World English Bible
An evil spirit from Yahweh was on Saul, as he sat in his house with his spear in his hand; and David was playing with his hand.

Young's Literal Translation
And a spirit of sadness from Jehovah is unto Saul, and he is sitting in his house, and his javelin in his hand, and David is playing with the hand,
Study Bible
Saul Seeks to Kill David
8When there was war again, David went out and fought with the Philistines and defeated them with great slaughter, so that they fled before him. 9Now there was an evil spirit from the LORD on Saul as he was sitting in his house with his spear in his hand, and David was playing the harp with his hand. 10Saul tried to pin David to the wall with the spear, but he slipped away out of Saul's presence, so that he stuck the spear into the wall. And David fled and escaped that night.…
Cross References
1 Samuel 16:14
Now the Spirit of the LORD departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from the LORD terrorized him.

1 Samuel 16:16
"Let our lord now command your servants who are before you. Let them seek a man who is a skillful player on the harp; and it shall come about when the evil spirit from God is on you, that he shall play the harp with his hand, and you will be well."

1 Samuel 18:10
Now it came about on the next day that an evil spirit from God came mightily upon Saul, and he raved in the midst of the house, while David was playing the harp with his hand, as usual; and a spear was in Saul's hand.

1 Samuel 18:11
Saul hurled the spear for he thought, "I will pin David to the wall." But David escaped from his presence twice.

1 Samuel 19:8
When there was war again, David went out and fought with the Philistines and defeated them with great slaughter, so that they fled before him.

1 Kings 22:22
"The LORD said to him, 'How?' And he said, 'I will go out and be a deceiving spirit in the mouth of all his prophets.' Then He said, 'You are to entice him and also prevail. Go and do so.'
Treasury of Scripture

And the evil spirit from the LORD was on Saul, as he sat in his house with his javelin in his hand: and David played with his hand.

1 Samuel 16:14 But the Spirit of the LORD departed from Saul, and an evil spirit …

1 Samuel 18:10,11 And it came to pass on the morrow, that the evil spirit from God …

(9) And the evil spirit . . . was upon Saul.--Again the terrible malady was upon the king--not unlikely brought on by the wild storm of jealous fury which Saul allowed to sweep unchecked across his soul. Once more--

"Out of the black mid-tent's silence, a space of three days,

Not a sound hath escaped to thy servants of prayer nor of

praise,

To betoken that Saul and the spirit have ended their strife,

And that, faint in his triumph, the monarch sinks back

upon life."

BROWNING: Saul.

But the time when the skilled musician with his Divine strains had roused him into life again was passed (see 1Samuel 16:21-23), not now as in old days, when, to use the words the great poet put into David's mouth--

"--I looked up to know

If the best I could do had brought solace: he spoke not, but

slow

Lifted up the hand slack at his side, till he laid it with care,

Soft and grave, but in mild settled will, on my brow; through

my hair

The large fingers were pushed, and he bent back my head.

with kind power--

All my face back, intent to peruse it as men do a flower.

Thus held he me there, with his great eye that scrutinized

mine,

And oh, all my heart how it loved him! . . ."

BROWNING: Saul.

This time, seizing the tall spear which was ever by his side, he hurled it with deadly intent at the sorrow-stricken, loving face, and David fled in hot haste from the doomed presence for ever. The LXX. was offended at the statement "evil spirit of (or from) Jehovah," and cuts the knot by leaving out "Jehovah." It is, no doubt, a hard saying, and no human expositor has ever yet been able fully to explain it.

To the expression Ruach Jehovah, "Spirit of Jehovah" (for "of" is more accurate than "from"), and the equivalent phrase, Ruach Elohim, "Spirit of God" (1Samuel 16:14-15), the epithet "evil" is added. We cannot attempt to fathom the mysteries of the spirit world--we have absolutely no data--we simply possess in the sacred book a few scattered notices, which indicate the existence of evil spirits. To suppose that these malignant or evil beings were part of the heavenly host employed by the Eternal is a supposition utterly at variance with our conception of the All-Father. We may, however, safely grant (1) the existence of evil spirits--probably beings fallen through sin and disobedience from their high estate; and (2) we may suppose that these evil spirits--all, of course, belonging to the Eternal, even in their deep degradation (so though "evil," still "spirits of God, or Jehovah,")--receive occasional permission, for some wise--though to us unknown--reasons, to tempt and plague for a season the souls of certain men.

The introduction to the Book of Job (Job 1:6; Job 2:1-7), and the circumstance which led to the death of King Ahab before Ramoth Gilead (1Kings 22:19-22), at least favour this hypothesis. The presence of those evil spirits, or "devils, who possessed those unhappy ones whom we meet so often in the Gospel story, points to the same conclusion. Why certain souls should have been exposed to this dread experience is, of course, beyond our ken. From the scanty information vouchsafed to us, it seems, however, that the power of the evil spirit was sometimes permitted to be exercised (a) as a trial of faith, as in the case of Job; or (b) as a punishment incurred by the soul's desertion of God, as in the case of Saul.

And the evil spirit from the Lord was upon Saul,.... His melancholy and frantic disorder returned upon those victories of David, and he grew envious, jealous, spiteful, and malicious:

as he sat in his house with his javelin his hand; which either describes the posture he was in when the evil spirit came upon him; or the effects of it, he became dull and melancholy, did not care to go abroad, but kept at home, and was suspicious of everybody; and therefore kept a javelin in his hand to defend himself; or it may be rather to dispatch David with it, when an opportunity should offer, which quickly did:

and David played with his hand; on some instrument of music, particularly the harp, to drive away the evil spirit, the melancholy disorder, from Saul; which showed his humility, that though he was an officer in the army, had a considerable post in it, yet deigned to act the part of a musician to Saul, and his great kindness and affection for him his sovereign, willing to serve him what he could to promote his health and comfort, and the trust and confidence he put in his promise and oath, or rather in the providence of God for his protection in the way of his duty, though he knew how spiteful and injurious Saul had been to him. 19:1-10 How forcible are right words! Saul was, for a time, convinced of the unreasonableness of his enmity to David; but he continued his malice against David. So incurable is the hatred of the seed of the serpent against that of the woman; so deceitful and desperately wicked is the heart of man without the grace of God, Jer 17:9.
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