1 Kings 8:2
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
All the Israelites came together to King Solomon at the time of the festival in the month of Ethanim, the seventh month.

New Living Translation
So all the men of Israel assembled before King Solomon at the annual Festival of Shelters, which is held in early autumn in the month of Ethanim.

English Standard Version
And all the men of Israel assembled to King Solomon at the feast in the month Ethanim, which is the seventh month.

Berean Study Bible
And all the men of Israel came together to King Solomon at the feast in the seventh month, the month of Ethanim.

New American Standard Bible
All the men of Israel assembled themselves to King Solomon at the feast, in the month Ethanim, which is the seventh month.

King James Bible
And all the men of Israel assembled themselves unto king Solomon at the feast in the month Ethanim, which is the seventh month.

Christian Standard Bible
So all the men of Israel were assembled in the presence of King Solomon in the month of Ethanim, which is the seventh month, at the festival.

Good News Translation
They all assembled during the Festival of Shelters in the seventh month, in the month of Ethanim.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So all the men of Israel were assembled in the presence of King Solomon in the seventh month, the month of Ethanim, at the festival.

International Standard Version
So all the men gathered together to meet with King Solomon at the Festival of Tents in the month Ethanim, the seventh month.

NET Bible
All the men of Israel assembled before King Solomon during the festival in the month Ethanim (the seventh month).

New Heart English Bible
All the men of Israel assembled themselves to king Solomon at the feast, in the month Ethanim, which is the seventh month.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
All the people of Israel gathered around King Solomon at the Festival [of Booths] in the month of Ethanim, the seventh month.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And all the men of Israel assembled themselves unto king Solomon at the feast, in the month Ethanim, which is the seventh month.

New American Standard 1977
And all the men of Israel assembled themselves to King Solomon at the feast, in the month Ethanim, which is the seventh month.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And all the men of Israel assembled themselves unto King Solomon in the month Ethanim, which is the seventh month, on the solemn day.

King James 2000 Bible
And all the men of Israel assembled themselves unto king Solomon at the feast in the month Ethanim, which is the seventh month.

American King James Version
And all the men of Israel assembled themselves to king Solomon at the feast in the month Ethanim, which is the seventh month.

American Standard Version
And all the men of Israel assembled themselves unto king Solomon at the feast, in the month Ethanim, which is the seventh month.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And all Israel assembled themselves to king Solomon on the festival day in the month of Ethanim, the same is the seventh month.

Darby Bible Translation
And all the men of Israel assembled themselves to king Solomon at the feast in the month Ethanim, that is, the seventh month.

English Revised Version
And all the men of Israel assembled themselves unto king Solomon at the feast, in the month Ethanim, which is the seventh month.

Webster's Bible Translation
And all the men of Israel assembled themselves to king Solomon at the feast in the month Ethanim, which is the seventh month.

World English Bible
All the men of Israel assembled themselves to king Solomon at the feast, in the month Ethanim, which is the seventh month.

Young's Literal Translation
and all the men of Israel are assembled unto king Solomon, in the month of Ethanim, in the festival -- is the seventh month.
Study Bible
The Ark Enters the Temple
1At that time Solomon assembled before him in Jerusalem the elders of Israel—all the tribal heads and family leaders of the Israelites—to bring up the ark of the covenant of the LORD from Zion, the City of David. 2And all the men of Israel came together to King Solomon at the feast in the seventh month, the month of Ethanim. 3When all the elders of Israel had arrived, the priests took up the ark,…
Cross References
Leviticus 23:34
"Speak to the Israelites and say, 'On the fifteenth day of the seventh month the Feast of Tabernacles to the LORD begins, and it continues for seven days.

1 Kings 8:65
So at that time Solomon and all Israel with him--a great assembly of people from Lebo-hamath to the Brook of Egypt--observed the feast before the LORD our God for seven days and seven more days--fourteen days in all.

1 Kings 12:32
And Jeroboam ordained a festival on the fifteenth day of the eighth month, like the festival that was in Judah, and he offered sacrifices on the altar; he made this offering in Bethel to sacrifice to the calves he had set up, and he installed priests in Bethel for the high places he had set up.

2 Chronicles 5:3
So all the men of Israel came together to the king at the feast in the seventh month.

2 Chronicles 7:8
So at that time Solomon and all Israel with him--a very great assembly of people from Lebo-hamath to the Brook of Egypt--observed the feast for seven days.

Treasury of Scripture

And all the men of Israel assembled themselves to king Solomon at the feast in the month Ethanim, which is the seventh month.

at the feast

Leviticus 23:34 Speak to the children of Israel, saying…

Numbers 29:12 And on the fifteenth day of the seventh month you shall have an holy …

Deuteronomy 16:13 You shall observe the feast of tabernacles seven days, after that …

2 Chronicles 5:3 Why all the men of Israel assembled themselves to the king in the …

2 Chronicles 7:8-10 Also at the same time Solomon kept the feast seven days, and all …

Ezra 3:4 They kept also the feast of tabernacles, as it is written, and offered …

Nehemiah 8:14-18 And they found written in the law which the LORD had commanded by Moses…

Zechariah 14:16-19 And it shall come to pass…

John 7:2,37 Now the Jew's feast of tabernacles was at hand…

(2) The month Ethanim (called after the Captivity Tisri), corresponded with the end of September and beginning of October. The name is supposed (by Thenius) to be properly, as in the LXX., Athanim, and to signify the "month of gifts," so called as bringing with it the gathering in of the vintage, and of the last of the crops. According to the Chaldee Targum, it was in old times the beginning of the civil, as Abib of the ecclesiastical year. The feast in this month was the Feast of Tabernacles--of all feasts of the year the most joyful--marking the gathering in of all the fruits of the land, commemorating the dwelling in tabernacles in the wilderness, and thanking God for settlement and blessing in the land (Leviticus 23:33-44). It was, perhaps, the time when the Israelites could best be absent from their lands for a prolonged festival; but there was also a peculiar appropriateness in thus giving it a higher consecration, by celebrating on it the transference of the ark from the movable tabernacle to a fixed and splendid habitation. In this instance the festival was doubled in duration, from seven to fourteen days. (See 1Kings 8:65.)

Verse 2. - And all the men of Israel [not all the heads of the tribes just mentioned (ver. 1), as Keil, but all who came to the feast, as every male Israelite was under obligation to do (Deuteronomy 16:16) ] assembled themselves unto King Solomon at the feast [the Heb. word הֶחָג (with the art.) always means the feast of tabernacles. The same word is used of the feast of passover (Exodus 23:15) and pentecost (ib. ver. 16), but "the feast" here can only mean that of tabernacles. As the "feast of ingathering" (Exodus 23:16), as commemorating the deliverance from Egypt (Leviticus 23:43), and as peculiarly a social festival (ib. vers. 40-42; Numbers 29:12 sqq.), it was the most joyous as well as the greatest (?Jos., Ant. 8:04. 1) gathering of the year. (Compare the Jewish saying of a later date: "He who has never seen the rejoicing at the pouring out of the water of Siloam, has never seen rejoicing in his life.") It was doubtless for this reason that tabernacles was selected for the dedication. A special feast of dedication, however, was held for seven days before the feast of tabernacles proper commenced (see on ver. 65). It did not displace that great feast, however (Stanley), but simply preceded it. It is worthy of notice that Jeroboam selected the same feast (1 Kings 12:32) for the inauguration of his new cultus. The idea of Josephus, that the feast of tabernacles "happened to coincide with the dedication" hardly seems probable] in the month Ethanim [variously interpreted to mean gifts, i.e., fruits (Thenius), flowing streams (Gesenius) - it falls about the time of the early rains - and equinox (Bottcher) ], which is the seventh month. [This is added because the month was subsequently known as Tisri (see on 1 Kings 6:1), or to show that "the feast" was the feast of tabernacles.] And all the men of Israel assembled themselves unto King Solomon at the feast,.... Not of tabernacles, as the Targum on 2 Chronicles 5:3 and so Jarchi; though that was in the same month next mentioned, and began on the fifteenth of it, and held seven days; wherefore this must be the feast of the dedication of the temple, and which was kept before that; since both lasted fourteen days, and the people were dismissed on the twenty third of the month; now not only the above principal persons convened, but a vast number of the common people came to see the solemnity of removing the ark, and of dedicating the temple, and to attend the feast of it, and the more, since in a few days was the time for all the males in Israel to appear there:

in the month Ethanim, which is the seventh month; it was, as the Targum says, originally the first month; but upon the children of Israel coming out of Egypt in Ab or Nisan, that became the first month, and this was the seventh from that; and is the same with Tisri, which answers to part of September, and part of October, here called Ethanim; which some render the month of the ancients, others of strong ones; either because of the many feasts that were in it, as some say; or because it was the time of ingathering all the increase and fruits of the earth, which strengthen and support man's life; or rather of "never failing", i.e. waters, showers falling in this month, and the rivers full of water (l); so September is "septimus imber", according to Isidore (m), and the three following months are alike derived; this, by the Egyptians, was called Theuth, and was with them the first month in the year (n); so Porphyry says (o), with the Egyptians the beginning of the year was not Aquarius, as with the Romans, but Cancer; and so the month of September was the first with the Ethiopians (p), and with most people (q); though with the Chinese about the middle of Aquarius (r). Now, though the temple was finished in the eighth month, 1 Kings 6:38, it was not dedicated until the seventh in the following year; it required time to finish the utensils and vessels, and put them in their proper place, and for the drying of the walls, &c.

(l) Vid. Hackman. Praecidan. Sacr. p. 130, 131. (m) Origin. l. 5. c. 33. (n) Lactant. de Fals. Felig. l. 1. c. 6. (o) De Antro Nymph. prope finem. (p) Ludolf. Lexic. Ethiopic. p. 65. & Hist. Ethiop. l. 3. c. 6. (q) Julian. Opera, par. 1. orat. 4. p. 290, 291. (r) Martin. Sinic. Hist. l. 1. p. 22. 2-6. at the feast in the month Ethanim—The public and formal inauguration of this national place of worship did not take place till eleven months after the completion of the edifice. The delay, most probably, originated in Solomon's wish to choose the most fitting opportunity when there should be a general rendezvous of the people in Jerusalem (1Ki 8:2); and that was not till the next year. That was a jubilee year, and he resolved on commencing the solemn ceremonial a few days before the feast of tabernacles, which was the most appropriate of all seasons. That annual festival had been instituted in commemoration of the Israelites dwelling in booths during their stay in the wilderness, as well as of the tabernacle, which was then erected, in which God promised to meet and dwell with His people, sanctifying it with His glory. As the tabernacle was to be superseded by the temple, there was admirable propriety in choosing the feast of tabernacles as the period for dedicating the new place of worship, and praying that the same distinguished privileges might be continued to it in the manifestation of the divine presence and glory. At the time appointed for the inauguration, the king issued orders for all the heads and representatives of the nation to repair to Jerusalem and take part in the august procession [1Ki 8:1]. The lead was taken by the king and elders of the people, whose march must have been slow, as priests were stationed to offer an immense number of sacrifices at various points in the line of road through which the procession was to go. Then came the priests bearing the ark and the tabernacle—the old Mosaic tabernacle which was brought from Gibeon. Lastly, the Levites followed, carrying the vessels and ornaments belonging to the old, for lodgment in the new, house of the Lord. There was a slight deviation in this procedure from the order of march established in the wilderness (Nu 3:31; 4:15); but the spirit of the arrangement was duly observed. The ark was deposited in the oracle; that is, the most holy place, under the wings of the cherubim—not the Mosaic cherubim, which were firmly attached to the ark (Ex 37:7, 8), but those made by Solomon, which were far larger and more expanded.8:1-11 The bringing in the ark, is the end which must crown the work: this was done with great solemnity. The ark was fixed in the place appointed for its rest in the inner part of the house, whence they expected God to speak to them, even in the most holy place. The staves of the ark were drawn out, so as to direct the high priest to the mercy-seat over the ark, when he went in, once a year, to sprinkle the blood there; so that they continued of use, though there was no longer occasion to carry it by them. The glory of God appearing in a cloud may signify, 1. The darkness of that dispensation, in comparison with the light of the gospel, by which, with open face, we behold, as in a glass, the glory of the Lord. 2. The darkness of our present state, in comparison with the sight of God, which will be the happiness of heaven, where the Divine glory is unveiled.
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